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Latin America PowerPoint Presentation
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Latin America

Latin America

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Latin America

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Presentation Transcript

  1. Latin America Since 1914

  2. Early U.S. Relations • 1823 Monroe Doctrine: Europe to keep hands off of Latin America • Colonialism on the rise by end of 19thc. • Spanish-American War brings about new American foreign policy • Platt Amendment 1901 • U.S. to protect Cuba, aid in economic activities, retain naval bases • Roosevelt Corollary 1904 • “Chronic wrongdoings” in Latin America need to be addressed • “Stabilization” brings about resentment

  3. Latin America and WWI • Initially no great cause for concern • Squirmishes off the coast of Argentina made things appear closer • Unsafe seas greatest problem • Chile experiences some economic gains • Brazil aligns and receives some global recognition

  4. Great Depression • Trading activities increasing by 1920’s • Cash crops bringing in money for specific regions • Increased foreign investment and influence • Handful getting very wealthy • Citizens lost faith in politicians after market crashes • Stability found in military rule • Focus shifts from cash crops to industrialization • Transition slow and difficult

  5. WWII • Brazil: • Sides with allied forces • Provides soldiers, submarine support, and raw materials • Use of land proved invaluable, in return given steel production plant • Argentina: • Position of neutrality • Close relations to German forces • Eventually see advantages to Allied Forces, entrance into UN • open door policy to German generals highly frowned upon

  6. Cont…. • Mexico: • Braceros, guest workers, instrumental in war effort • Filled void in vacant positions • Growing Mexican community in U.S.

  7. Cold War • U.S. demonstrated a general neglect of Latin America during Cold War • Goal of suppressing communism outweighed economic vitality • Options appeared limited in leadership positions • Cuba prime example

  8. Cont… • Economic instability advancing the fight between military or civilian rule • U.S. tended to lean toward side of military rule • Result: • Chile: U.S. supported Pinochet ousts Allende 1973 • 17 years of brutality to follow • Economy sees some improvement, general public well-being poor • Ruled by fear and intimidation: Operation Condor • Technology helps to bring him down

  9. Cont… • Brazil: • Economic boon lends to ignoring of humanitarian crisis • Military government rules from 1964-1985 • Catholic Church flexes muscles, disturbed by government activities • Economic downturn brings about desires for reform • Pragmatism brought about by a commoner, Lula • Reorganized economic system, return of democracy

  10. NAFTA • Goals: • Economic growth, higher standards of living, more efficient economies, improvement of environmental standards • Implementation: • Lifting tariffs on many goods, reduce barriers to cross-border trading and investment • Effects: • Big business seeing greatest return • More jobs, lower wages, poor locations • Disruption to agriculture communities • Open door to outsourcing