PENALTY ENFORCEMENTOUTLINE • Penalties Completed---Offsetting Fouls • Enforcement: “3-and-1” Principle • Postscrimmage Kick Enforcement • Fouls on Scoring Plays
PENALTY VS. FOUL FOUL: A Rule Infraction For Which a Penalty is Prescribed PENALTY: The Consequences of Such a Rule Infraction—Accepted Or Declined
PENALTY VS. FOUL THEY ARE NOT THE SAME! “Foul” Is To “Crime” as “Penalty” Is To “Punishment”
PENALTIESCOMPLETED • Penalty Completed When: Accepted, Declined, or Canceled • ANY Penalty May Be Declined • Multiple Live-Ball Fouls By One Team -- Offended Team Chooses One
PENALTIESCOMPLETED • Offsetting Fouls --Only Live-Ball Fouls Offset --Exceptions:.....................
EXCEPTIONS TO OFFSETTING FOULS RULE 10-1-4 • “Clean Hands” Provision • Postscrimmage Kick Enforcement • Try, After Team B Possession • Extra Periods, After Team B Possession
EXAMPLE: 10-1-4 EXCEPTION • A22 and A39 In Motion At The Snap. B55 Intercepts a Forward Pass. B63 Clips on the Return.
EXAMPLE: 10-1-4 EXCEPTION RULING: “Clean Hands”: B May Decline Offsetting Fouls to Retain Possession Following Completion of the Clipping Penalty.
EXAMPLE: 10-1-4 EXCEPTION • At The Snap, Team A Has 5 In The Backfield And B76 Is In The Neutral Zone. B34 Recovers A22’s Fumble. B47 Clips On The Return.
EXAMPLE: 10-1-4 EXCEPTION RULING: Offsetting Fouls. No Option. Team B Was Not “Clean.”
EXAMPLE: 10-1-4 EXCEPTION • B23 Intercepts A Pass And B76 Clips On The Return. A45 Tackles B23 By Twisting His Face Mask.
EXAMPLE: 10-1-4 EXCEPTION RULING: Team B May Decline Offsetting Fouls And Retain The Ball After The Penalty For B76’s Foul Is Completed. Note: Timing Of A45’s Foul Does Not Matter.
EXAMPLE: 10-1-4 EXCEPTION • B23 Intercepts A Pass And B76 Clips On The Return. A45 Tackles B23 By Twisting His Face Mask. Time In The First Half Expires On The Play.
EXAMPLE: 10-1-4 EXCEPTION RULING: Team B May Decline Offsetting Fouls To Retain The Ball. However, Team A Will Decline The Penalty For B76’s Foul, Ending The Half.
“3-and-1” PRINCIPLE RULE 2-33 Applies ONLY When No Enforcement Spot Is Specified in a Rule Penalty Key Reference: Rule 10-2-2 “Determining The Enforcement Spot”
BASIC SPOT AND ENFORCEMENT SPOT BASIC SPOT • Benchmark For Application Of “3-and-1” Principle--Depends On Type Of Play Rule 10-2-2-d ENFORCEMENT SPOT • Spot At Which Penalty Is Enforced
PENALTY ENFORCEMENT RULE 10-2-2-c The 3-and-1 Principle Asks: • Where Is The BASIC SPOT? • Where Is The FOUL In Relation To The Basic Spot?
ENFORCEMENT SPOTS BASIC SPOTS • Previous Spot • End Of The Run • Spot Of The Foul Special Cases: Succeeding Spot: Dead-Ball Fouls End Of The Kick: Postscrimmage Kick
BASIC SPOTS END OF THE RELATED RUN • Running Plays When RunEndsBeyond NZ • Running Plays When There Is No NZ
BASIC SPOTS PREVIOUS SPOT • Running Plays When Run EndsBehind Neutral Zone • Forward Pass Plays • Kick Plays (Except When PSK Applies)
DIAGRAM For “3-and-1” FOUL BY TEAM In Possession Not In Possession --------------BASIC SPOT------------- *Penalize From Basic Spot Beyond Basic Spot* Beyond Basic Spot* Behind Basic Spot Behind Basic Spot*
EXAMPLE: “3-and-1” • 2nd And 7 At B-36. Ball Carrier A25 Is Tackled At B-45. During The Run A89 Blocks In The Back At B-30. RULING: 10-yard Penalty From B-36, The Previous Spot, Which Is The Basic Spot.
EXAMPLE: “3-and-1” • Ball Carrier A22 Is Tackled Behind The NZ. During The Play B36 Slugs A29 Eight Yards Downfield. RULING: Basic Spot Is Previous Spot. 15-yard Penalty From The Previous Spot. Automatic First Down. B36 Ejected.
EXAMPLE: “3-and-1” • A25 Gains Ten Yards To The B-25. A65 Clips At The B-30. Ruling: 15-yard Penalty From The Spot Of The Foul (B-30).
The “3-and-1” PRINCIPLE “3-and-1” Does NOT Mean “From Where It Hurts Most”
EXAMPLE: “3-and-1” • A12 Is Tackled For A 3-yard Loss. During The Play, B35 Twists A40’s Facemask 10 Yards Beyond The Neutral Zone. RULING: 15-yard Penalty Against Team B, Enforced From PREVIOUS SPOT (The Basic Spot). “Worst” Spot? Spot Of Foul.
POSTSCRIMMAGE KICK ENFORCEMENT RULE 10-2-3 Applies ONLY To Fouls By Team B: • Three Or More Yards Beyond NZ • During Scrimmage Kick Play Not On A Try Not In Extra Period Not On Successful Field Goal • Kick Crosses NZ • Team A Does Not Have Legal Possession When The Ball Is Declared Dead (2-2-5-c)
POSTSCRIMMAGE KICK ENFORCEMENT If These Conditions Are Satisfied: • Apply “3-and-1” Principle The PSK Spot Is The Basic Spot (End Of Kick Or B-20)
POSTSCRIMMAGE KICK ENFORCEMENT • Punt Receiver Catches Kick At The B-16 And Returns It To The B-48. During The Kick B62 Clips At The B-35. RULING: Basic Spot Is End Of The Kick. Penalize From The B-16. Team B’s Ball, 1st Down At The B-8.
POSTSCRIMMAGE KICK ENFORCEMENT • B27 Downs A Punt In His End Zone. During The Kick B57 Blocks Below The Waist (a) The B-10 (b) At The B-32. RULING: Basic Spot Is The B-20 (End Of The Kick). (a) Half The Distance To The B-5 (b) Half The Distance To The B-10
FOULS ON SCORING PLAYS RULE 10-2-5 Foul By Defense During Touchdown Play • Penalties For PERSONAL FOULS Enforced On Try Or Kickoff. Do NOT Carry Over In Extra Period. • Penalties For ALL OTHER FOULS Do Not Carry Over. Usually They Are DECLINED BY RULE. (Exception: When Illegal Touching Enables Enforcement)
EXAMPLE: SCORING PLAY • A89 Catches Forward Pass For A TD. (a) B79 Offside. (b) B63 Roughs The Passer. (c) B26 Commits DPI. RULING: (a) Penalty Declined By Rule. TD Counts. (b) TD Counts. Penalty Enforced On Try Or Kickoff. (c) Penalty Declined By Rule. TD Counts
EXAMPLE: SCORING PLAY • A19 Touches the Punt Beyond the NZ. B29 Recovers and Advances. B64 CLIPS During B29’s Run. B29 Fumbles; A47 Returns the Fumble (a) for a TD (b) to the B-5. RULING: (a) TD Counts; Penalty on Try or Kickoff. (b) B’s Ball, Either After the Clipping Penalty or at the Illegal-Touching Spot.
EXAMPLE: SCORING PLAY • A19 Touches the Punt Beyond the NZ. B29 Recovers and Advances. B64 HOLDSDuring B29’s Run. B29 Fumbles; A47 Returns the Fumble for an Apparent TD. RULING: Penalty Can Be Enforced Due To the Illegal Touching. Ball Belongs To B Either After the Penalty Or At the Illegal-Touching Spot. AR 6-3-2-VII
EXAMPLE: SCORING PLAY • A19 Touches the Punt Beyond the NZ. B29 Recovers, Advances and Fumbles. A47 Returns the Fumble for an Apparent TD. B64 HOLDSDuring A47’s Run. RULING: Penalty Declined By Rule. Team B’s Ball at Illegal Touching Spot. AR 6-3-2-V
FOULS ON SCORING PLAY RULE 10-2-5-c Unsportsmanlike Conduct Fouls During or After TD Play: • Penalty Enforced on Try or on Kickoff (On Try in Extra Period) WILL CHANGE IN 2011
EXAMPLE: SCORING PLAY • A24 Taunts His Opponents As He Scores a Touchdown. RULING: TD Counts. 15-Yard Penalty Enforced Either on the Try or the Kickoff. WILL CHANGE IN 2011 (In Extra Period, the Penalty Is Enforced on the Try.)
FOULS AFTER SCORING PLAY RULE 10-2-5-c Personal Foul Committed Between Touchdown and Try: • Penalty Enforced on Try or Kickoff (On Try in Extra Period)
PENALTY ENFORCEMENT ON THE TRY RULES 8-3-3, -4, -5 Successful Try, Foul by Team B: • A May Decline Penalty; OR Accept and Go for 2 Points. HOWEVER • Personal Foul: Accepted Penalty Carried Over to KO or Extra Period.
PENALTY ENFORCEMENT ON THE TRY No Change of Possession • Offsetting Fouls: Repeat Try • Loss-of-Down: Try is Over. No Penalty. No Score. • Kick-Catch Interference: Penalty Declined by Rule
PENALTY ENFORCEMENT ON THE TRY Change of Possession • Either Team (Not Both) Fouls After Change of Possession: Penalty Declined By Rule—No Carry-Over [EXC: Flagrant Personal Foul or LBF Treated as DBF: Penalty Carries Over]
PENALTY ENFORCEMENT ON THE TRY Change of Possession • Both Teams Foul and Team B Fouled Before Change of Possession: Fouls Offset--Down is Replayed • Both Teams Foul, and Team B Did NOT Foul Before Getting Possession: Fouls Cancel, No Replay. Exception to 10-1-4 Does Not Apply.
EXAMPLE: FOULS ON THE TRY • A46 Illegally In Motion And B76 Offside. B34 Intercepts Pass And Is Tackled. RULING: Fouls Offset. Repeat Try.
EXAMPLE: FOULS ON THE TRY • A46 Illegally In Motion. B56 Intercepts Pass And B21 Clips On The Return. RULING: Fouls Cancel. No Replay. Try Is Over. (No “Clean Hands” Option For B.)
EXAMPLE: FOULS ON THE TRY • Try Kick Is Good. Team B Is Offside. RULING: Team A May Decline Penalty, Or Accept Penalty And Go For 2 Points. Penalty DOES NOT Carry Over.
EXAMPLE: FOULS ON THE TRY • Try Kick Is Good. B79 Commits A Personal Foul During The Down. RULING: Team A May Decline And Keep 1 Point; Or Accept And Go For 2; Or Keep 1 Point And Have Penalty Enforced On KO Or In Extra Period.
EXAMPLE: FOULS ON THE TRY • B65 Is Offside At Snap. B23 Intercepts Pass And Scores. A45 Fouls On The Return. RULING: Fouls Offset. Replay The Down. No Score.
EXAMPLE: FOULS ON THE TRY • B21 Intercepts A Pass And Is Tackled At The B-35. During The Run, B64 Clips In Team B’s End Zone. RULING: Penalty Declined By Rule. Try Is Over. NOT A Safety.
FOUL AFTER THE TRY 10-1-6 Condition In 8-3-5 Dead-Ball Foul Following Try: If Try Is Replayed, DBF Penalty Enforced Before The Replay. If Try Is Not Replayed, DBF Penalty Enforced On Kickoff Or In Extra Period