Penalty Enforcement Enforcement Principals & Enforcement Situations
Principals • All-But-One: Enforcement is based on the fact that a team is given the advantage of the distance which is gained without assistance of a foul. It is assumed that the only foul which would give this aid would be a foul by the offense behind the basic spot. Therefore, “all foulsbut this one”, that is a foul by the offense behind the basic spot, are penalized from the basic spot. This one foul is penalized from the spot of the foul. • Exceptions to All-But-One: • Fouls which occur simultaneous with the snap. • Foul by the opponent of the scoring team during a successful try, field goal, or touchdown. (Penalty is assessed from the succeeding spot if the score and penalty are accepted.) • Non-player or unsportsmanlike fouls. • Roughing the passer when the last run ends beyond the NZ and there has been no change of possession.
Principals • Play Spots & Types: • Basic spot for a loose ball play is the previous spot. • “Loose Ball Play” is action during: • Free Kick or Scrimmage Kick. • Legal Forward Pass. • Backward Pass (including snap), illegal kick or fumble made by A from in or behind the NZ prior to a change of possession. Note: (Includes run(s) which precede such legal or illegal kick, legal forward pass, backward pass or fumble.) • Basic spot for a running play is the end of the run. • “Running Play” is any action which is not a loose ball play. • In or behind the NZ in either of the following: • Includes a run not followed by a loose ball. • A run followed by an illegal forward pass. • Beyond the NZ: • Includes a run. • A run followed by a loose ball, including an illegal forward pass or kick. A run ends when a runner loses possession, but the related running play continues until the ball becomes dead or some player again gets possession.
Special Enforcement Rules • Free Kick Out of Bounds • Inbounds spot through yard line where ball went O.B. • Inbounds spot 25 yards from the previous spot. • 5 yard penalty and re-kick by K. • Kick-Catching Interference • Awarded fair catch at spot of foul. • 15 yard penalty from previous spot & re-play down. • Unfair Acts • Referee imposes penalty that he considers equitable if not covered by rule. • Fouls During Scoring Plays • Fouls by the opponents of the scoring team; • During Touchdown with no change of possession, or foul after change of possession. • Accept results of play and have penalty enforced from succeeding spot or subsequent kick-off. • During a Successful Try. • Accept results of play and have penalty enforced from succeeding spot. • During a Successful Field Goal. • Accept results of play and have penalty enforced from succeeding spot.
Special Enforcement Rules • After a Touchdown and before the initial ready for play signal for the try. • If either team commits any foul for which the basic spot is the succeeding spot, the offended team can have the penalty enforced from the succeeding spot or the subsequent kickoff. • First Touching by R is ignored • If R commits a foul after the touching and the penalty is accepted. • A foul for any penalty is accepted • Unfair Acts • Referee imposes penalty that he considers equitable if not covered by rule. • Roughing the kicker (holder) / running into the kicker (holder) – • Roughing – contact that endangers the safety of the kicker or holder. (15 yds.) • Running into – contact where the kicker or holder is displaced from his position but not roughed. (5 yds.) • Contact is ignored when: • It is not reasonably certain that the kick will be made. • The kick is touched. • A defender is blocked into the kicker or holder by a member of the kicking team.
Special Enforcement Rules • Roughing the passer – Enforcement is added to the end of the last run beyond the neutral zone when there is no change of team possession. (15 yds.) • Roughing the snapper – Defensive player must charge directly into the snapper when the offense is in kicking formation. (15 yds.) • When a run ends in the end zone after a change of possession, the basic spot is determined based on the force that put the ball in the end zone. • 20 Yard Line – Fouls by either team when the opponent of the team in possession at the time of the foul is responsible for forcing the ball across the goal line of the team in possession, and the run ends in the end zone and is followed by a loose ball, regardless of where the loose ball becomes dead. (10-4-6) • Goal Line – Fouls which are committed during running plays by the opponent of the team in possession at the time of the foul when the team in possession is responsible for forcing the ball across its own goal line, and the related run ends in the end zone and is followed by a loose ball, regardless of where the loose ball becomes dead. (10-4-7)
All-But-One Enforcement Defensive Penalties are Not Part of the All-But-One Principal!!! 20 Offensive Live-Ball Foul Basic Spot Defensive Live-Ball Foul Beyond 30 Penalty Marked off from the basic spot Offensive Live-Ball Foul Behind Penalty Marked off from the spot of the foul 40
All-But-One Enforcement Running Play Basic Spot Play (run) whistled dead 20 Offensive Live-Ball Foul Behind Penalty Marked off from the spot of the foul Spot of Snap 30 40
All-But-One Enforcement Loose Ball Play (Pass) Pass caught & player tackled immediately. 20 Offensive Live-Ball Foul Basic Spot Spot of Snap Beyond 30 Penalty Marked off from the basic spot Offensive Live-Ball Foul Behind Penalty Marked off from the spot of the foul 40
All-But-One Enforcement Running Play(Which Includes a Loose Ball – Fumble) Offensive Live-Ball Foul 20 Play whistled dead Beyond Basic Spot Penalty Marked off from the basic spot Penalty Marked off from the spot of the foul Behind Spot of Snap 30 Offensive Live-Ball Foul 40
All-But-One Enforcement End Zone Enforcement 20 Play whistled dead 10 Spot of Snap Basic Spot G Offensive Live-Ball Foul SAFETY Behind Goal Line
All-But-One Enforcement Touchback Enforcement Basic Spot 20 Penalty marked off from the spot of the foul Spot of Snap 10 Defensive Live-Ball Foul After Interception Play Whistled Dead G Behind Goal Line - Touchback Defensive Interception
All-But-One Enforcement Double Foul Enforcement / Change of Possession Offensive Live-Ball Foul Before Interception 20 Defensive Live-Ball Foul After Interception Spot of Snap 10 Play Whistled Dead Basic Spot Penalty on defense is marked off from the basic spot, half the distance. G Defense must decline the penalty in order to keep the ball since they obtained it with “clean hands”. Defensive Interception
Dead Ball Enforcement Situation: 2nd down & 5 from B-30 20 Play whistled dead at B-23 Offensive Dead-Ball Foul Penalty Marked off from the succeeding spot Spot of Snap 30 First down was achieved by A. First & 10 from B-38 40
Dead Ball Enforcement Situation: 4nd down & 4 from B-35 20 First down was not achieved by A. B’s ball, 1st & 10 from B-22 30 Spot of Snap Penalty Marked off from the succeeding spot Play whistled dead at B-37 Defensive Dead-Ball Foul 40
Live / Dead Ball Enforcement Situation: 2nd down & Goal from B-15 Touchdown Defensive unsportsmanlike foul in end zone G Live ball penalty marked off under “all but one”, back to 13 yard line. Offensive holding foul at 3 yard line Remains A ball, 2nd down & Goal from the 6-1/2 yard line. 10 Dead ball penalty marked off from the succeeding spot, half the distance to 6-1/2 yard line. Spot of Snap Remember: Live ball penalties are administered first, then all dead ball penalties in the order of occurrence! Live Ball / Dead ball penalties do not offset! 20
Enforcement During a Score R Situation: 2nd down & Goal from B-15 Touchdown G 40 Live ball penalty marked off on the try half the distance, or the succeeding kick-off. Defensive foul during run Kick-off from R’s 45 yard line if succeeding spot option is taken.. K 10 50 Spot of Snap 20 40
Enforcement During a Score Situation: 2nd down & Goal from B-15 Touchdown G Live ball penalty marked off as a dead ball foul on the try. NO OPTION, the scoring team committed the foul during theTD scoring down. Option only given had the penalty occurred after the TD run and before the ready for play whistle. (10.5.3 Sit. B) Offensive USC foul during the run 10 Spot of Snap Spot of Snap on Try @ B-18 20
PSK Enforcement Kick Ends Here Penalty marked off from basic spot - end of kick 20 Penalty marked off from basic spot - end of run Receivers Live-Ball Foul During Kick Return Ends Here Receivers Live-Ball Foul After Kick Ends 30 Spot of Snap Expanded Neutral Zone Kickers Live-Ball Foul During Kick Penalty marked off from basic spot – previous spot 40
Officiating Guides • You have specific officiating responsibilities, work your position, no more – no less. • Tenth Commandment - Thou shalt not covet your neighbors house, wife, or another officials area. • See the whole play. Rely on your experience, your judgment, and the intent or spirit with which the rules are written. Consistency in judgment throughout the game establishes credibility! • Use preventative officiating (not coaching). Communicate with players, coaches, and fellow officials. • Player actions that can result in injury must be called and enforced. • Proper penalty protocol: • Drop the flag at the appropriate yard line. Keep officiating if ball is live. • Be sure your flag is covered by another official before you report to the referee. (Don’t leave the dead ball spot.) • Be clear in your communication with the referee regarding the penalty. Don’t give a visible signal as you approach the referee. • Record unsportsmanlike penalties on your card. • Don’t indulge in a “make-up” call nor be “talked into” a call by a coach. • Remember, game films don’t lie.