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The British Isles

The British Isles

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The British Isles

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  1. The British Isles Great Britain and Ireland

  2. Lesson Objectives • Differentiate between Great Britain and the United Kingdom • Outline the history and describe political characteristics of the United Kingdom • List cultural characteristics of the four regions of the United Kingdom • Locate and label all the countries of Western Europe and various physical features • Explain the history, economic characteristics, and political characteristics of the Nordic nations • Identify physical characteristics of the Nordic Nations

  3. United Kingdom • United Kingdom vs. Great Britain • Great Britain is a geographic term • Island which consists of: • England • Scotland • Wales • United Kingdom is the state • Made up of: • England • Scotland • Wales • Northern Ireland

  4. History • Kingdom of Great Britain established 1707 • Prior, each Kingdom was a separate state/separate country • Kingdom of Ireland joined Kingdom of GB in1800 • Colonization- ‘The Sun Never Sets on the British Empire’ • 1500s- Southeast and South Asia • Late 1500s- North America • ‘Scramble for Africa’ – 1880s

  5. Politics • Began the Commonwealth of Nations • Historical ties • Work towards a common goal • United Kingdom= Constitutional Monarchy • Monarch=Queen Elizabeth II • Head of Government = • Parliament • House of Lords • House of Commons • No written constitution!

  6. UK: England • London • Capital of the UK, Located in England • Global City Region • Thames River • Home of Buckingham Palace • Queen Elizabeth II • Queen’s Guards • Culture • Cricket • English Channel

  7. UK: Scotland • Physical Characteristics • Moors and Bogs • Scottish Culture • Loch Ness Monster • Kilts, Ghillies, and Bagpipes…Oh My! • Dances • Highland Fling • Athletic Games • Caber Toss • Stone Put • Scottish Hammer Throw

  8. UK: Wales • Long History of Mining • Speak Welsh • Royal Family • Prince Charles and Princess Diana • Prince William and Kate Middleton

  9. UK: Northern Ireland • Northern Ireland is on the same island as Ireland the country but… • Protestant and Catholic Conflicts • English=Protestants • Irish=Catholics • Divisions led to bitter conflicts • Why?

  10. Republic of Ireland • Physical Characteristics • Shaped like a huge bowl • Moist Climate • “The Emerald Isle”

  11. History & Political Characteristics • Independent Country • History (lil bit of review!) • Kingdom of Ireland • Fell under British rule • Protestant Reformation • Potato Famine • 1840s • Famine- • Why was this a problem? • Result: • 1 million Irish starved to death or died of disease • Push and Pull Factors

  12. Irish Republican Army-IRA • 1916-1921 • Fought against the British- wanted a completely independent country • Guerrilla warfare • Murderous gangs • Result: • Northern Ireland- • Independent Ireland- • Bloody Sunday • January 30, 1972

  13. Irish Culture • Languages: Gaelic and Irish • Blarney Stone • Do you have the “Luck of the Irish”? • Shamrocks • Leprechauns and Pots of Gold

  14. Assignment • HAND-DRAW a map of Western Europe. Use your identification map that I provided you with as a guide. LABEL all of the identifications that are on that map, on your hand-drawn map. Maps MUST be colored. This assignment is worth 35 points.