The British Isles Chapter 6 Section 1
The British Isles • The countries of the United Kingdom and Republic of Ireland.
The United Kingdom • England • Scotland • Wales • Northern Ireland
The United Kingdom • The size of Oregon • In northern England, Scotland, and Wales, you will find rugged hills and low mountain ranges. • Moors are also located here. • Northern Ireland has gentle mountains and valleys, and fertile lowlands.
Moors • Treeless, windy highland areas with damp ground.
Economy • Industrial • Trading • Computer and Electronic industries are gradually replacing older industries • Farming is efficient
Government (1) • Parliamentary Democracy- Voters elect representatives, to a lawmaking body, called Parliament. • It has 2 houses: The House of Commons and The House of Lords. • The political party that has the largest # in the House of Commons chooses the Prime Minister. • The House of Lords has little power, most members are nobles.
Government (2) • The U.K. is also a Constitutional Monarchy: • A queen or king is head of state. • Ceremonial, little power
The Republic of Ireland • Lush green meadows and tree covered hills • Known as: Emerald Isle, because of its landscape. • Rich in peat, which is dug from bogs.
Peat • Plants partly decayed in water, which can be dried and used for fuel.
Bogs • Low swampy lands • Where peat is found
Economy • Farming- • Major Crops: Potatoes, barley, wheat, sugar, beets, and turnips. • Manufacturing- • Processing food and beverages, textiles, and computer equipment
Government (1) • The Northern Ireland Conflict • Southern, Catholic countries, of Ireland won independence from Britain in 1921. Became a republic • Northern, Protestant countries remained part of U.K. • However, the Northern, Catholic countries wanted to be reunited with the Southern, Catholic countries.
Government (2) • Northern Ireland, Protestants wanted to remain under British rule. They were known as Loyalist. • The disputes led to much fighting and many deaths. • These disputes were known as “the troubles”