The Use of the Future Tense • Both English and Greek use the future tense to predict or describe an action that will take place in future. • But Greek also uses the future tense to form commands – particularly when the NT is quoting the OT. • o` de. e;fh auvtw/|( VAgaph,seij ku,rion to.n qeo,n sou evn o[lh| th/| kardi,a| sou kai. evn o[lh| th/| yuch/| sou kai. evn o[lh| th/| dianoi,a| sou\ (Matt 22:37). • And He said to him, “You shall love the LORD your God with all your heart, and with all your soul, and with all your mind.” (Matthew 22:37)
The Use of the Future Tense • The future is formed by adding a sigma to the end of the future tense stem (lu,sw).
Present Tense Future Active Active Passive/Middle Sng lu,w lu,omai lu,sw lu,eij lu,h| lu,seij lu,ei lu,etai lu,sei lu,omen Pl luo,meqa lu,somen lu,ete lu,esqe lusete lu,ousin lu,ontai lu,sousin
Funny Futures blepsw Root word Instead of It becomes blepw bleyw e;cw e;csw e;xw suna,gw suna,gsw suna,xw
Funny Futures avgapa,sw Root word Instead of It becomes avgapa,w avgaph,sw lale,w lale,sw lalh,sw plhro,w plhro,sw plhrw,sw poie,w poie,sw poih,sw