The Matrix Baris Bruce Danielle Jasmine Lily Maria
Outline • Introduction • Dichotomy • Blurring Boundaries of Virtual Reality and Reality • Blurring Boundaries of Human and Machine • Matrix and Zion Conflict Myth • Conclusion
What is Matrix • Obsolete-The womb (子宮) • Biology-A material in which specialized structures are embedded (母體) • Formal Use-The environment or context in which society or culture develops
Mathematics-A rectangular arrangement of numbers used to solve Mathematical problems(矩陣) • Computing-A two-dimensional array (數組 陣列) The Matrix (The film) A dream world created by AI A neural-interactive simulation Set in the late 20th Century
Human gave birth to Artificial Intelligence • War between Human and AI • Matrix took over and use • Human beings as energy source • First Design-The Perfect World (Utopia)-Failure Human Begins define reality by misery and pain Matrix Mock-Motherhood
Dichotomy • Matrix vs. Zion • Virtual Reality vs. Reality • Capitalism vs. Communism • Technology vs. Human Nature • Re-enchantment vs. Disenchantment
Breaking Boundary of Human & Machine (1) • Anti-birth • Mock motherhood • Human beings grown on the field, not in the womb • Nurtured in tubes • Man as recycle • Born • Deplug (Unplug) • Through the tube • Fake vagina
Breaking Boundary of Human & Machine (2) • Battery • Sensational not trustful • Lost the natural function as a human being • A part of the recycle
Control (1) • Social surveillance (overall) • Technology • Bug • Physical control • Mouth • Monitor/ watching • Cube (Buildings)
Control (2) Levels of surveillance • Boss – Authority • Gatekeepers (Agent) • Firewalls in computer system • The police • Office • Glass windows • Partitions • Computer
Control (3) • Telephone • Travel through telephone • Overhearing • Tapped
Minority Report and Matrix • Minority Report (interface the technology)v.s. Matrix (contagions/ overtaking reality) In matrix- breaking/blurring boundary *Part of the whole thing(virtual world) *Human beings are in Matrix
Human beings still have power in controlling the machine. Interface the boundary between reality and virtual world.
b.Simulation- Jean Baudrillard • Subject in the world (human beings) and object (artificial things/ simulacrum擬仿物 ) ---> (simulacrum-->stimulation) -object has replaced the subject(the position of human beings) “物”既非動物也非植物,但是它給人一種大量繁衍與熱帶叢林的感覺。這種由人而產生的動植物,像可惡的科幻小說中場景一樣,反過來包圍人為困人
4 levels of the image • 1. Image/sign reflects the reality -good appearance/ e.g.忠實再現真實 • 2.Image/sign conceals and distorts the reality-evil appearance (e.g.convey stereotype) • 3.signs which dissimulate(掩飾) that there is nothing (god-ritual)4. Signs have nothing to do with reality (Matrix) - the split of signifier/signified/ the reality/ the virtual world 影像具有生命可獨立存在（the order of simulation）
Simulation might be a mutated image (突變的影像). 雖然影像在真與假之間有所區隔,因而仍在一種再現(representation)的問題意識下操作著,擬像(simulation)卻使所有真與假的區分發生短路(Abbas, 1990:2)
Hyper reality • 真實的虛構化（film, images..）--> 虛構的真實化（simulation） *Jean Baudrillard--> symbol/signs had already dispelled the reality, and eventually replaced the reality.
*The world had been occupied by floating signifiers. The boundary of illusion and reality has been gone. • Morpheus- the real is simply electrical signals interpreted by brains
d. Symbol of Mirror/ TV • Mirror- the reflection self and real self which one is real ? Or both of them ?
Mirror- experience the “breaking” boundary between virtual world and real world.
TV- Framework(self-reflexivity ) The world exists in TV stimulation and the real world.
(blurring boundary- but this real world is also just a fragmental information of their program).
Communism/ Communist Society united system—centralize resources underground, caves Food—share Clothes—no rank Capitalism/ Consumerism distinct social level: fierce competition buildings, cubes: corkscrew support capitalism commodities: FedEx, cell phones...etc Zion vs. Matrix
Myth (Mythology) • What is Zion: Mythical origin protect Magdalena (motherhood) • Underground,warm,darknesswomb • Contrast to mock-motherhood(Matrix) • The human beings maternal society, feminine image
Symbol of Names • Morpheus god of dream • Neo new,one • Trinityunity,harmonious balance • Cypher”0”resistant power to one (computer language:”0”,”1”)
Trinity Previous Life (Father) Neo Faith (Son) (Holy Spirit)
Zion: Symbol of motherhood Worship of female conception Matriarchal system Protection for true humans, last origin for all that’s natural Matrix: Mock-motherhood Existence of Matrix= deprivation of female function Patriarchal system Uses Matrix as a way to control humans Zion vs. Matrix Patriarchal system creates mock-motherhood to eliminate threat from matriarchal system
Resolution of the conflict • Trinity (importance as female, lover) • Love →return to human instincts, passion • Rebirth of Neo • Revival of human nature to fight against the artificial • Human survival as theme of sci-fi
2 Myths • Zion: mythical presentation • American heroism myth
Mythical presentation of Zion • Mythical allusion/ biblical allusion • Symbolic language • Ambiguity →the one, the savior, reincarnation, oracle, Zion
Mythical presentation of Zion (cont.) • Dual quality of the resistance from reality • Zion vs. Matrix=Mythical story vs. Matrix →irony: where/ what is the reality???
American heroism myth • White centered myth, savior of all mankind • Hollywood, American heroism
Conclusion • disenchantment vs. re-enchantment -- this movie disenchantment -- real life re-enchantment -- man plays the role of God
Conclusion a. Free will no free will in this movie -- red pill and blue pill
Conclusion • No free will -- Morpheus, “I did what I did because I had to”. b. you only choose when you have options
Conclusion c. Neo at the phone booth “[…] A world without rules and controls, without borders and boundaries. A world where everything is possible. Where we go from there…is a choice I leave to you”.
References • http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Matrix