processes processes inputs outcomes inputs outcomes Karen SwanResearch Center for Educational TechnologyKent State University
inputs outcomes processes LEARNING EFFECTIVENESS COST EFFECTIVENESS ACCESS Quality STUDENT SATISFACTION FACULTY SATISFACTION
inputs outcomes processes COST EFFECTIVENESS ACCESS Quality STUDENT SATISFACTION FACULTY SATISFACTION learning effectiveness
inputs outcomes processes http://www.sloan-c-wiki.org/wiki/
inputs outcomes processes
inputs outcomes processes SOCIAL COGNITIVE PRESENCE PRESENCE LEARNING pedagogy TEACHING PRESENCE Community of Inquiry Model (Garrison, 2006)
inputs outcomes processes pedagogy Instructional Design Facilitating Discourse Direct Instruction Teaching Presence
inputs outcomes processes pedagogy Best Practice Principles (Garrison, 2006):Instructional Design Social Presence Establish a climate that will create a community of inquiry. Cognitive Presence Establish materials, activities, critical reflection and discourse that will support systematic inquiry.
inputs outcomes processes pedagogy Best Practice Principles (Garrison, 2006):Facilitating Discourse Social Presence Sustain community through expression of group cohesion. Cognitive Presence Encourage and support the progression of inquiry through to resolution.
inputs outcomes processes pedagogy Best Practice Principles (Garrison, 2006):Direct Instruction Social Presence Evolve collaborative relationships where students are supported in assuming increasing responsibility for their learning. Cognitive Presence Ensure that there is deep understanding, resolution of misconceptions, and metacognitive development.
inputs outcomes processes interactions Measurement Tools instructor behaviors– instructor & student surveys, interviews; user logs; structured observations; content analyses instructional activities– student surveys, interviews; user logs; activities audit course materials–instructor & student surveys; interviews; user logs; content analyses; materials audit
inputs outcomes processes interaction w/ interface SOCIAL COGNITIVE interaction PRESENCE PRESENCE w/content interaction w/ peers interactions TEACHING PRESENCE interaction w/instructors LEARNING Interactivity & Learning Online (Moore, 1989; Hillman, Willis & Gunawardena, 1994; Swan, 2003)
inputs outcomes processes interactions Interactivity & New Generations of Online Students(Hartman, Moskal & Dzuiban, 2005) Percent of Maximum Interaction Scores by Generation
inputs outcomes processes interactions Social Software commenting tools (Track Changes, audio/ video feedback) threaded discussion, chat, email whiteboards / application sharing (Elluminate, Wimba, Learnlinc) blogs wikis distributed classification systems (Digg, Plum, Flickr YouTube)
inputs outcomes processes interactions Measurement Tools interface issues– instructor & student surveys, interviews; help desk logs instructor feedback– student surveys, interviews; user logs; content analyses knowledge construction–instructor & student surveys; interviews; structured observations; content analyses; concept network analyses
inputs outcomes processes assessment Assessment (grades) is the currency of the classroom. What is assessed is what is valued.Assessment should focus on the enduring understandings (big ideas) you want students to take away from a course.
inputs outcomes processes assessment worth being familiar with important to know & do enduring understandings Understanding By Design, Wiggins & McTighe
inputs outcomes processes assessment backwards design 1. identify desired results 2. determine acceptable evidence 3. plan learning experiences & instruction
inputs outcomes processes assessment Grading Rubrics in each of these blocks, explicit performance behaviors are specified
inputs outcomes processes assessment rubrics for grading discussion postings . . .
inputs outcomes processes assessment Pelz, 2004
inputs outcomes processes assessment article critique rubrics lesson plan rubrics
inputs outcomes processes assessment webquest rubrics . . .
inputs outcomes processes assessment Electronic Portfolios • collection of student work providing evidence of learning • linked to learning goals • demonstrating progress over time • multiple media • include reflections on works • programmatic, across courses AAHE ePortfolio clearinghousehttp://ctl.du.edu/portfolioclearinghouse/
inputs outcomes processes interactions Measurement Tools formative assessment– assessment instruments themselves; instructor & student surveys, interviews; user logs; content analyses assessment effects / link to learning– assessment instruments themselves; instructor & student surveys, interviews; content analyses
Research Center for Educational Technology Karen Swan firstname.lastname@example.org http://www.kent.edu/rcet/