Today Guest speakers - Non-profit organizations where you may choose to volunteer (Coach Art, Madrona Marsh, Reading Partners, Mar Vista Family Center, Tree People) Service Learning details Sociological theories For next week
10 minute break • Turn website/syllabus quiz into red folder • Make sure you signed in • Begin reading Note Taking Guide
Sociological theory Service Learning details Review-What is sociology? Sociological Imagination Major theories Grading Tips for success in this class
Service Learning • Over the course of the semester you will: • Select a non-profit organization • (location, requirements, cause) • 2. Read their website • 3. Meet with an administrator to get Service Learning Agreement signed (due week 8, 4 points) • 4. Conduct 6 hours of volunteer work (use time log to record hours) • 5. Write a service learning reflection (10 points) and turn in the time log (due week 15, 20 points)
Service Learning • You may choose to volunteer: • At an organization you heard from today • Any on the "volunteer organizations" document on the course website (under the Service tab) • Or you may find your own non-profit organization • *If you choose one that is not on the list it must be cleared with the instructor • *The sooner you make a selection the better, it can be surprisingly difficult to find a place to volunteer
Note taking tips • Use the note taking guide to look for most important concepts (after today will only be available on website prior to class) • Don’t try to write down every word you see on a slide-these will be on the website after class • Write down just the information/examples that click most for you • Review your notes soon after class
Class structure This class will be a mix of: • Lecture using images and real life examples • Partner/Group activities • Guest presentations • Real world connections through -articles -videos -discussion
Select the best answer. Sociology is _________ the study of ancient cultures the study of human society the study of media influences
What is sociology? The systematic study of human society, social groups, and social interactions
What is a social problem? A condition that a segment of society views as harmful to members of society and in need of remedy Prostitution Tattoos Alcohol use
What is a social problem? A condition that a segment of society views as harmful to members of society and in need of remedy Pornography Saggy pants
Why study social problems? American sociologist Robert K. Merton believed that Only by recognizing the dysfunctional aspects of institutions, can we explain the development of alternatives
C. Wright Mills How do sociologists think? Sociological Imagination/ Sociological Perspective
Sociological Imagination Sociological Perspective • Ability to see the many ways society influences our thoughts and actions
Sociological Imagination Ability to see things from different angles Examine events/actions from a broader view point
Sociological Imagination Allows us to refocus our lens
How do sociologists think?Individual vs. Society Situation = Max was laid off and cannot find a job Cause =Max is not hard working bad attitude/work habits not qualified for many jobs not well educated Therefore=Max’s situation is being impacted by faults in him Individual Perspective Sociological Perspective Cause = Financial difficulties are causing many companies to let go of many employees Therefore= Max’s situation is being impacted by the economy.
Use your sociological imagination With 1-2 partners choose one of the situations below and explain the behavior from and individual perspective and a sociological perspective Jason committed an armed robbery Jennifer is anorexic Joey dropped out of high school Sociologist’s Perspective Individual Perspective Focus on influences bigger than one person (location, culture, peers, family, government, religion, media…) Focus on someone’s personal characteristics (personality traits, genetic, biological, psychological causes) 5 minutes
Which is the best predictor of your chances of success in school? A) your gender B) social class/economic status of your parents C) your race/ethnicity D) your work ethic/level of responsibility E) the difficulty level of your major
Chances of success in school based on parent’s socioeconomic status Jack and Jill are of equal intelligence, work ethic, grades in high school, preparation
How do sociologists think? Any behavior Sociologist’s Perspective Individual Perspective Focus on someone’s personal characteristics (personality traits, genetic, biological, psychological causes…) Focus on influences bigger than one person (location, culture, peers, family, government, religion, media influences…)
Social location • How would your life be different if you were born in: • a different place • time period • of a different race • gender • economic status • religion • and had a different type of education?
Debunking in sociology-Peter Berger • Many people think sociology is “common sense” • Debunking=looking below the surface or behind the curtain of every day life to gain a deeper understanding of society • Example: is ADD more common in boys or girls?
Critical distance • Sociologists need to develop critical distance when conducting research • Ability to look at a topic in the most objective way possible • Detach from the situation • View things with a critical mind Is this possible? Why or why not?
3 major perspectives in sociology What is social theory? A set of ideas that aims to allow us to: 1. Understand what is happening in the world 2. Why it is happening 3. What might happen in the future 4. Promote social change
What is society? Society is like… 1)Society is like the human body. Every part serves a function 2)Society is like the NFL Everyone is in competition 3)Society is like a play. We are all actors on a stage.
What is society? Society is like… 3 major theories in sociology 1)Society is like the human body. Every part serves a function 2)Society is like the NFL Everyone is in competition 3)Society is like a play. We are all actors on a stage. Structural functionalism Conflict Theory Symbolic Interactionsim
Structural functionalism sees society as a complex system, parts work together to promote stability Emphasizes the importance of: • Social Structure (how things work) • Social Functions (what someone or something’s job/role is) • Maintaining organization • How does it help society, how does it hurt?
Conflict theory sees society as an arena of inequality Emphasizes the importance of: • Competition (over scarce resources) • Inequality: Ongoing conflicts between people who have power and disadvantaged people: rich vs poor men vs women employers vs employees
Conflict theory sees society as an arena of inequality Looks at how factors such as: • race, gender, ethnicity, class, age are linked to unequal distribution of resources such as money, power, education, and social prestige.
Symbolic Interactionism sees society as the product of the everyday interactions of individuals. • Emphasizes that: • We attaching meaning and labels to virtually everything • Reality is how we define it • Emphasizes group influence
Analyzing prostitution through 3 major theories Structural Functionalsim Conflict Theory Symbolic Interactionism How can prostitution help or hurt society? Prostitution can be functional for society because it provides a sexual outlet for some men/women. Prostitution can be harmful for society if it causes breakdown of marriages or spread of disease
Analyzing prostitution through 3 major theories Structural Functionalsim Conflict Theory Symbolic Interactionism Women have not had equalaccess to economic opportunity in some societies. They have to rely on economic support from men and exchange their sexual availability for money Who is being taken advantage of? How is inequality a factor?
Analyzing prostitution through 3 major theories Structural Functionalsim Conflict Theory Symbolic Interactionism Prostitutes, call girls, and women in adult films, all have to learn from each other how to survive and manage their self concept despite how societies sees their work. What labels are involved if someone is a prostitute? How is group influence a factor?
Conflict Theorist Symbolic Interactionist Functionalist 5 mins a. Teenage parents get stereotyped in society as irresponsible. Sometimes they are treated differently because of this and even their children may be judged. b. Teenage mothers get more negative attention from society than the fathers. Young moms often are unable to finish school while fathers are more often able to complete their high school education. c. If a teenager becomes a parent they may become unable to focus on their duties as a student because of their duties as a mother or father. Grandparents often have to act as parents. Topic: teenage pregnancy. Who would say it? Read the statements and discuss with a partner who would say each. (Sullivan, 2006; 342)
Why? Conflict Theorist Symbolic Interactionist Functionalist a. Teenage parents get stereotyped in society as irresponsible. Sometimes they are treated differently because of this and even their children may be judged. b. Teenage mothers get more negative attention from society than the fathers. Young moms often are unable to finish school while fathers are more often able to complete their high school education. c. If a teenager becomes a parent they may become unable to focus on their duties as a student because of their duties as a mother or father. Grandparents often have to act as parents. (Sullivan, 2006; 342)
Functionalist Conflict Theorist Symbolic Interactionist What would they say? Work in a group of 4-5. Focus on one theory. What might someone using the theory say or ask about the topic of cocaine use?
computer screen door Team 7 Martinez Bianca Muralles Elizabeth Kim Ye Won Vittoria Maria Turner Chantina Team 8 Vasquez Cynthia Perez Jocelyn Obusan Stephanie Fitts Devaughn Garduno Jessica Team 9 Guerrero Sergio Mejia Ayala Jennifer Zayed Dana Santos Kenny Rodriguez Jacqueline Team 4 Gabra Angy Ayala Wilfredo Richardson Maury Basile Mark Alarcon-Gemser Evelina Team 5 Choi Hilary Plascencia Eduardo Baskerville Sterling Dewitz Robert Bailey Jennifer Team 6 Rodriguez Daisy De Leon Shally Infante Mayte Santos Alyssa Rodriguez Evelyn Team 1 Carranza Sara Lee Hansol Quintana Stephanie Kim Matthew Wade Lamont Team 2 Hookey Scott Martin Dora Guzman Ashley Terrell Jashin Ramirez Marlen Team 3 Pool Edwin Kim Daniel Beal Ian Gerdes Lucy Galvan Verenice Team 10 Lopez Katya Uyama Akihito Welker Donald Gomez Jessenia Corado Roy Team 11 Livingston Cassandra McCrea Chaytn Dixon Ladawn Baca Yennifer Back of class
Functionalist Conflict Theorist Symbolic Interactionist What would they say? Work in a group of 4-5. Focus on one theory. What might the theory say or ask about the topic of cocaine use? Remember, this theory is concerned with roles people performand how society functions. How does it help or hurt society? Remember, this theory is concerned withinequality and looks for groups that might be taking advantageof other groups. Remember, this theory is concerned with the influence of social groups, labels, and meanings of symbols.
Review 3 Major Theories Functionalist Conflict Theorist Symbolic Interactionist Roles people perform and how society functions. How is something helpful or hurtful in society? Inequality and looks for groups that might be taking advantage of other groups. Haves vs Have Nots Influence of social groups, labels, and meanings of symbols
Grading 3 Papers- 15 points each Class Participation- 15 points 2 quizzes-15 points each Assignments – 25 points total Service Time Log-20 points. Cumulative Final Test-20 points Total Points Possible-155
Extra Credit Extra credit assignments range between 1-4 points each Opportunities will be posted on the website 5 points maximum possible Can raise a B+ to an A but not a B- to an A Don’t rely on the extra credit
Students who succeed in this class Went to class Checked syllabus and website regularly Paid attention and participated Studied for quizzes and used the paper scoring guides Did the reading
The time to improve your grade is now Don’t be this guy at the end of the semester But I really needed an A to transfer to CSUDH/UCLA/USC…etc. Can’t I turn in some extra credit? I didn’t know that I wasn’t passing. But I really need to pass to stay eligible for basketball/ football/ track…etc. Can’t you round my grade up?
Participation How do you earn full participation points? • Only speaking during small group discussions = 5 points • Always attending but never speaking = 0 points • Read the participation scoring chart in your syllabus in detail
Participation guidelines • Allow others to finish their thoughts before adding yours (do not interrupt) • Raise your hand so everyone has a chance to share • Allow for a variety of opinions • Be respectful when you disagree, focus on their comment not them as a person • Not sure what to say in class? • Participating does not make class longer • Do the reading and pay attention to the news