By: Hoshang Dadrass. Bienvenidos a El Salvador
History Geography Famous people Gastronomy Architecture Tradition
La Historia • Before the Spanish first ventured into Central America from the colony of Spain (Mexico) in the early sixteenth century, the area that would become El Salvador was populated primarily by Indians of the Pipil tribe -- a subgroup of a nomadic people known as the Nahua, who had migrated into Central America about 3000 B.C.
The Pipil tribe were defeated in 1525 by Spanish, who settled in a place called San Salvador (capital of El Salvador) Sansonate A city of El Salvador A site of the city Although primarily an agricultural people, the Pipil built a number of large urban centers, some of which developed into present-day cities, such as Sonsonate and Ahuachapan
Pre-Columbian Village in El Salvador Ruin at El Tazumal El Salvador Picture and Paintings illustrating Pre-Columbian Era Pre-Columbian Market
Language of the Pipils • The Pipils spoke Nahuatl language, which still exists as a language in the world.
Cuicatli quicaquiCuicatli quicaqui Nahuatl poem by Brigitta Leander In noyol nichoca:Ye nicnotlamati Tiya xochiticaTiccautehuazque Tlalticpac ye nicanTitotlanehuia O tiyazque ichan.Ma nicnocozcati Nepapan xochitlMa nomac on mani Ma nocpacxoxhihui.Ticcautehuazque Tlalticpac ye nicanZan titotlanehuia O tiyazque ichan
Translation in English My heart hearts a song,I begin to cry.Already I know myself.We go among flowers.We will leave the earth here.We are loaned to one another.We go to His house.Put on me a necklaceOf varied flowers.They are in my hands,Garlands flower on me.We will leave the earth here.We are loaned to one another.We go to His house.
The Colonial Period • The Spanish tried to conquer the region several times and were defeated by the Pipils. However, Hernan Cortes led an army that entered El Salvador in mid sixteenth century. • Under the Spanish Colonial Empire, El Salvador was part of the Kingdom of Guatemala -- which governed most of Central America -- as a province until 1700s • The Spanish had come, in part, seeking for precious metals in the El Salvador (South America). But they found that El Salvador’s sole exploitable resource was land.
In 1821, El Salvador and the other Central American provinces declared their independence from Spain. When these provinces were joined with Mexico in early 1822, El Salvador resisted, insisting on autonomy for the Central American countries. Route Toward independence • Guatemalan troops - sent to enforce the union - were driven out of El Salvador in June 1822. El Salvador, fearing incorporation into Mexico, petitioned the U.S. Government for statehood.
Independence • After a revolution in Mexico, the mexican congress voted to allow the Central American provinces to decide their own fate. • Hence El Salvador became independent under General Manuel Jose in 1838. • Initially El Salvador faced frequent revolutions by different factions, but it was not until 1900-30 that they achieved political stability.
El Salvador's Economy Its economy was primarily based on growing Coffee. • The coffee business prospered or suffered depending on the fluctuation of the price of coffee In the world.
Current Economy • The US dollar is now the legal tender. • The economy has been suffering lately; • Earthquakes • Aftermaths of hurricane of 1998. • Price of coffee low in the world. • Most of all a weak tax collection. • 10% agriculture, 30% industries, 60% services
The Country’s Industry • El Salvador has industries that produce coffee, pharmaceuticals, and other food products and beverages. • It also has small industries that produce wood products, textiles, clothing, tobacco and petroleum. • Coffee berries prior to the husk being removed and the berry dried
Country’s Population • El Salvador’s population in 2002 was 6,353,681 • they speak Spanish and Nahua. • the ethnic groups are 90% Mestizo, 1% Amerindian, and 9% White • 83% of the people are roman Catholics.
El Mapa De El Salvador y Su Clima • Rainy season (May to October); dry season (November to April); tropical on coast; temperate in uplands.
Salvadorian Food • Commonly, Salvadorians eat rice, beans, and seafoods. • famous and tasty food = pupusa (fried sandwich filled with pork, sausage, and corn tortillas. • Coffee is famous. • they love beers - make two brands, Pilsner and Suprema. pupusa: typical Salvadoran food:
Three Dishes Salvadorans eat: • Tortillas • Yucca con Chicharrones • Chicken Tamales Yucca con Chicharrones
Tres Platos Típicos • These dishes (excluding Yucca con Chicharrones) are typical elsewhere also. However, Salvadorans are very fond of these foods. T O R T I L L A S Chicken Tamales
Bebidas Salvadorañas Coffee, Beer and Tea are the most. Make two brands of famous beers; Pilsner and Suprema Pilsner (beer) Coffee from El Salvador
Escritor Famoso • Salazar Arrué: born on October 22, 1899. Wrote the famous “Cuentos de Barro” (Tales of Mud) Poet, Writer and Paintor Died on November 27, 1975.
Pintor Famoso Fernando Llort • born on April 7, 1949 • internationally acclaimed artist • a very famous painter • one of his masterpiece = “Splender of Glory.”
Famous Painter Splender of Glory By Fernando Llort S Y M P H O N Y Of Happiness and Unity By Fernando Llort
Escritor Famoso • Manilo Argueta: a very well-known writer. • has written books like “Little Red Riding Hood In The Red Light District” “Magic Dogs Of The Volcanoes” • His books have won international success • In 1977 he received Latin America's most prestigious literary award, la Casa de las Americas Prize, for Caperucita en la Zona Roja
Escritor Famoso,Manilo Argueta Cover of the famous “Little Red Riding Hood in The Red Light District” The famous “Magic Dogs Of The Volcanoes”
Famous Politician • On March 21, 2004, Antonio Saca of the right-wing National Republican Alliance party (Arena) party, won the presidential election. Photo of the newly elected President, Antonio (Tony) Saca Campaigning before he’s Officially elected. born in march 9, 1965
Antonio Saca • American Government is confident that This new president is very competent And that he will be successful in Maintaining peaceful relationship with Every nation (especially with USA)
Typical Festivity • El Salvador celebrates their independence in September 15, 1821. • Celebrate it by performing Children's parade, acrobatics by Air force. • preparation starts from may and ends in September. • El Salvador had gotten its independence from Spain.
El Salvador's Festivity (Independence) • Children parading on September 15 (they are celebrating their independence). • Air force doing Acrobatics for September 15
The End (special thanks to Ms. Albuixech)