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Rhode Island. Small but Beautiful. Our Wonderful Founder. Roger Williams founded the colony of Rhode Island It was founded in 1636 It was first discovered by Italian and Dutch explorers. Impetus for Founding. Reasons for Establishing.
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Rhode Island Small but Beautiful
Our Wonderful Founder • Roger Williams founded the colony of Rhode Island • It was founded in 1636 • It was first discovered by Italian and Dutch explorers
Reasons for Establishing • Roger Williams had disagreements with Massachusetts leaders • He preached that all people should be allowed to worship how they pleased. • They attempted to banish him from the colonies. • Instead, he and his family fled to the Native American village on the Narragansett Bay • Roger Williams called his settlement Providence, meaning direction of god
Many people traveled to Rhode Island wanting religious freedom • There were many Native Americans in Rhode Island at the time, and they were cordial with the colonists. • A few rich families brought slave over from Africa for plantation work.
Early Europeans discovered that Rhode Island had a distinctive red clay soil • The colony name came from the dutch name for it, which was Rooyt Eyelandt, and it meant Red Island • The red clay soil, and hilly landscape was too bad for large scale agriculture
Rhode Island, however, was a wonderful shipping port • The winters were harsh, and the summers were humid
The economy was originally based on cattle and dairy farming • Also, some families grew crops • Common crops were squash, corn, beans, and tobacco.
Also, shipping was a humongous buisness for Rhode Islanders • Shipwrights built ships to cross the Atlantic and deliver goods to Africa and England • It was also a haven for pirates, and a slave trade center
Rhode island was founded as a place for religious freedom • It was populated with religious groups such as quakes, Baptists, Anglicans, Puritans, and Congregationalists
Rhode Island was governed by a Governor, Deputy Governor, ten assistants to the Governor, and a General Assembly that was elected from the different villages. • This assembly could make laws, call up a militia, and monitor trade
By: Kurt Sofia Taylor