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Chapter 6

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  1. Chapter 6 Personal Pronouns

  2. Personal Pronouns Objectives • Use personal pronouns correctly as subjects and objects. • Distinguish between possessive pronouns (such as its) and contractions (such as it’s). • Choose the correct pronoun in compound constructions, comparatives, and appositives. • Use reflexive pronouns correctly. • Use subjective (nominative) case pronouns with subject complements. Canadian Business English, Fifth Edition

  3. Personal Pronouns Subjective (Nominative) Case Singular Plural First Person I we Second Person you you Third Person hethey she it Canadian Business English, Fifth Edition

  4. Personal Pronouns Objective Case (object position) Singular Plural First Person me us Second Person you you Third Person him them her it Canadian Business English, Fifth Edition

  5. Personal Pronouns Possessive Case Singular Plural First Person my, mine our, ours Second Person your, yours your, yours Third Person his, hers, their, theirs its Canadian Business English, Fifth Edition

  6. Personal Pronouns as Subjects Subjective Case Usage • Subjective case pronouns are used as subjects of verbs. Heis the supervisor wehired last month. S. V. S. V. Weasked whethertheywere coming. S. V. S. V. Canadian Business English, Fifth Edition

  7. Personal Pronouns as Objects Objective Case Usage • Objective case pronouns are used as objects of verbs. The trustee e-mailed us. S. V. O. We toldthemhow to fill the orders. S. V. O. Canadian Business English, Fifth Edition

  8. Personal Pronouns as Objects Objective Case Usage • Objective case pronouns are used as objects of prepositions. That new desk is forher. S. V. P. O.P. Give all invoices tothem. V. P. O.P. Canadian Business English, Fifth Edition

  9. Personal Pronouns as Objects No one but (I or me?) has the answer key. ^Prep. Canadian Business English, Fifth Edition

  10. Personal Pronouns as Objects No one but (I or me?) has the answer key. ^Prep. ^Obj. of Prep. No one but me has the answer key. Canadian Business English, Fifth Edition

  11. Personal Pronouns as Objects Workers like Brad and (she or her?) are rare. ^Prep. Canadian Business English, Fifth Edition

  12. Personal Pronouns as Objects No one butme has the answer key. Workers likeBrad and (she or her?) are rare. ^Prep. ^Obj. of Prep. ^Obj. of Prep. Canadian Business English, Fifth Edition

  13. Personal Pronouns Possessive Case Usage • Possessive pronouns show ownership or special relationship. They take NO apostrophes. Ourreport is here; where istheirs? Its hood makes the machine less noisy. Ours is the house with the white trim. Canadian Business English, Fifth Edition

  14. Personal Pronouns • Don’t confuse contractions with possessive pronouns. There’s another entrance in the rear. (There is) It’swise to insure its contents. (It is) • Contractions are shortened forms of subjects and verbs. it’s (for it is) there’s (for there is) they’re (for they are) Canadian Business English, Fifth Edition

  15. Check your skill... • Select the correct form: • 1. I will take (she/her) to the airport. Canadian Business English, Fifth Edition

  16. Check your skill... Select the correct form: 1. I will take (she/her) to the airport. Canadian Business English, Fifth Edition

  17. Check your skill... Select the correct form: 2. (Them/They) phoned for the price list. Canadian Business English, Fifth Edition

  18. Check your skill... Select the correct form: 2. (Them/They) phoned for the price list. Canadian Business English, Fifth Edition

  19. Check your skill... Select the correct form: 3. The manual was couriered to (he/him). Canadian Business English, Fifth Edition

  20. Check your skill... Select the correct form: 3. The manual was couriered to (he/him). Canadian Business English, Fifth Edition

  21. Check your skill... Select the correct form: 4. The DVD player should have (its/it’s) screen wiped clean. Canadian Business English, Fifth Edition

  22. Check your skill... Select the correct form: 4. The DVD player should have (its/it’s) screen wiped clean. Canadian Business English, Fifth Edition

  23. Check your skill... Select the correct form: 5. Please have (he/him) proofread the contract. Canadian Business English, Fifth Edition

  24. Check your skill... Select the correct form: 5. Please have (he/him) proofread the contract. Canadian Business English, Fifth Edition

  25. Personal Pronoun Problems Compounds • When pronouns appear in compounds, ignore the extra noun or pronoun and related words. Mrs. Kuwata gave Mike and me the project. \ ignore / Only the treasurer and I will attend. \ ignore / Canadian Business English, Fifth Edition

  26. Personal Pronoun Problems Comparison • In statements of comparison, finish the implied comparison in order to determine pronoun case. No one types faster than he/him. ^\types/ Jon earns as much as they/them. Lisa spells better than he/him. he Canadian Business English, Fifth Edition

  27. Personal Pronoun Problems Apposition • Appositives explain previously mentioned nouns or pronouns. When pronouns are followed by appositive constructions, ignore the appositive. Weoffice workers have our own union.\__ignore____/ The lockers are for usgirls. \ignore/ Canadian Business English, Fifth Edition

  28. Personal Pronoun Problems Reflexive Pronouns • Pronouns ending in selfemphasize nouns or pronouns previously mentioned. Imyselfplaced the order. The mattershould resolve itself. Canadian Business English, Fifth Edition

  29. Personal Pronoun Problems Reflexive Pronouns • Use a pronoun ending in selfonly it refers to a previously stated noun or pronoun in the sentence. My friend and (I, myself) will apply. Canadian Business English, Fifth Edition

  30. Personal Pronoun Problems Reflexive Pronouns • Use a pronoun ending in selfonly it refers to a previously stated noun or pronoun in the sentence. My friend andIwill apply. Canadian Business English, Fifth Edition

  31. Personal Pronoun Problems Reflexive Pronouns • Use a pronoun ending in selfonly it refers to a previously stated noun or pronoun in the sentence. My friend andIwill apply. The mail is for Lisa and (myself, me). Canadian Business English, Fifth Edition

  32. Personal Pronoun Problems Reflexive Pronouns • Use a pronoun ending in selfonly it refers to a previously stated noun or pronoun in the sentence. My friend andIwill apply. The mail is for Lisa and me. Canadian Business English, Fifth Edition

  33. Check your skill... • Select the correct pronoun. • 1. A new health benefit was offered to (we/us). Canadian Business English, Fifth Edition

  34. Check your skill... • Select the correct pronoun. 1. A new health benefit was offered to us. 2. No one completed the test faster than (I/me). Canadian Business English, Fifth Edition

  35. Check your skill... • Select the correct pronoun. 1. A new health benefit was offered to us. 2. No one completed the test faster than I[did]. Canadian Business English, Fifth Edition

  36. Check your skill... • Select the correct pronoun. 1. A new health benefit was offered to us. 2. No one completed the project test than I[did]. 3. Khalid and (she/her) prepared the schedule. Canadian Business English, Fifth Edition

  37. Check your skill... • Select the correct pronoun. 1. A new health benefit was offered to us. 2. No one completed the test faster than I[did]. 3. Khalid and she prepared the schedule. Canadian Business English, Fifth Edition

  38. Check your skill... • Select the correct pronoun. 1. A new health benefit was offered to us. 2. No one completed the test faster than I[did]. 3. Khalid and she prepared the schedule. 4. (We/Us) committee members arrived late for the meeting. Canadian Business English, Fifth Edition

  39. Check your skill... • Select the correct pronoun. 1. A new health benefit was offered to us. 2. No one completed the test faster than I[did]. 3. Khalid and she prepared the schedule. 4. We committee members arrived late for the meeting. 5. Only Tim (himself/hisself) can assign computer usernames. Canadian Business English, Fifth Edition

  40. Check your skill... • Select the correct pronoun. 1. A new health benefit was offered to us. 2. No one completed the test faster than I[did]. 3. Khalid and she prepared the schedule. 4. We committee members arrived late for the meeting. 5. Only Tim himself can assign computer usernames. Canadian Business English, Fifth Edition

  41. Check your skill... • Select the correct pronoun. 1. A new health benefit was offered to us. 2. No one completed the test faster than I[did]. 3. Khalid and she prepared the schedule. 4. We committee members arrived late for the meeting. 5. Only Tim himself can assign computer usernames. 6. Invitations were sent to two board members, Ms. Roper and (he/him). Canadian Business English, Fifth Edition

  42. Check your skill... • Select the correct pronoun. 1. A new health benefit was offered to us. 2. No one completed the test faster than I[did]. 3. Khalid and she prepared the schedule. 4. We committee members arrived late for the meeting. 5. Only Tim himself can assign computer usernames. 6. Invitations were sent to two board members, Ms. Roper and him. Canadian Business English, Fifth Edition

  43. Advanced Applications Linking Verbs • Linking verbs are be,is,am, are, was, were, been, and being. • Whenever a pronoun follows a linking verb, it should be in the subjectivecase. It was hewho volunteered. The courier might have been she.Was it she who called earlier? Canadian Business English, Fifth Edition

  44. Advanced Applications To Be Without a Subject • If the infinitive to be has no subject, use a subjective pronoun. Kelly was often mistaken to be she.^no subject Was Mr. Woods believed to be he?^no subject Canadian Business English, Fifth Edition

  45. Advanced Applications To Be With a Subject • When the infinitive to be has a subject, the pronoun following it must be in the objective case. We thought Richard to be him. \ subject / Do you expect the attorney to be her? \ subject / Canadian Business English, Fifth Edition

  46. Advanced Applications Pronouns withTo Be –TIP • To test the correctness of a pronoun following to be, try reversing the pronoun and its antecedent. I thought the sample group to be them. I thought them [not they] to be the sample group. Jim was often taken to be he. He [not him] was often taken to be Jim. Canadian Business English, Fifth Edition

  47. Check your skill... • Select the correct pronoun. • 1. If you were (him/he), what would you do? Canadian Business English, Fifth Edition

  48. Check your skill... • Select the correct pronoun. 1. If you were he, what would you do? Canadian Business English, Fifth Edition

  49. Check your skill... • Select the correct pronoun. 2. The reporter was believed to be (him/he). Canadian Business English, Fifth Edition

  50. Check your skill... • Select the correct pronoun. 2. The reporter was believed to be he. Canadian Business English, Fifth Edition