Nutrients of Concern • The DGA identify the top four “nutrients of concern” – the nutrients in America’s diets which are most lacking, and linked to public health. Milk is the top source of three out of four of these nutrients – calcium, vitamin D and potassium (the fourth nutrient of concern is fiber).
Flavored Milk: Added Sugars: • The guidelines strongly recommend reducing the intake of sugar sweetened beverages including soda, juice drinks, energy drinks and sports drinks. Flavored milk is acknowledged as an exception, suggesting the use of added sugars helps to increase the palatability of nutrient-dense foods, such as the added sugars in fat free chocolate milk. • http://www.milkdelivers.org/schools/flavored-milk/ • A cup of fat-free chocolate milk served in L.A. Unified has 120 calories, with 20 grams (80 calories) of sugar. Strawberry fat-free milk has 130 calories, with 26 grams of sugar. White, plain nonfat milk has 90 calories, with 12 grams of sugar. (Milk contains some natural sugar in the form of lactose.) For comparison, a cup of Coke has 26 grams of sugar. • http://articles.latimes.com/2011/jun/15/local/la-me-lausd-milk-20110615
Facts about Flavored Milk • Strawberry Lowfat Milk vs. Regular Lowfat Milk • Strawberry Lowfat Milk: • 129% more sugar • 42% more calories • 36% less protein • 10% less calcium • 50% less Vit C • Chocolate Nonfat Milk: • 108% more sugar • 56% more calories • 50% more salt • 11% less protein • 25% less vitamin C
Organic Vs. Regular • Antibiotics. If an organic dairy cow needs to be treated with an antibiotic, they are not allowed back into the herd until after 12 months of being certified as antibiotic free. Non-organic dairy cows can be returned back to the herd as soon as they get those results. • Pasture feeding. According to regulations, organic cows must have access to pasture feeding. The terms for this are vague; the amount of time a dairy cow spends on the pasture is unknown and most likely varies according to the size of the farm.
Organic Vs. Regular • Bovine Growth Hormone (BGH). Organic cows are not allowed BGH injections. BGH is commonly used to enhance milk production in regular dairy cows. The worry with BGH is that cows injected with this hormone will produce additional Insulin Growth factor, which may cause illnesses in humans if ingested excessively • Pesticides. While regular dairy cows do not have regulations on whether their feed can be treated with pesticides, organic cows do.
What were the differences between conventional and organic milk in 2004 PDP testing? • Ten out of 739 samples of milk tested by the PDP in 2004 were reported • as “organic.” Just like virtually all samples, all 10 samples contained DPA and • nine had DDE residues. • There were two big differences between organic and conventional milk in • the testing carried out by the PDP in 2004. Synthetic pyrethroids were found in • 24 percent of conventional samples, and in no organic sample. A breakdown • product of the insecticide carbofuran was found in 8.8 percent of the conventional • milk samples, but in no organic sample.