World War I ~ World War II Test Review for Chapters 10.5-11 Spring 2013
Amendments to the Constitution • The 14th Amendment is based on the one-person-one-vote concept • The 19th Amendment gave women the right to vote.
World War I • Zimmermann telegram was the final act that made the US decide to get involved in WWI. • Germany was trying to get Mexico to attack US if they entered the war.
Military Bases in Georgia • Camp Gordon, Camp McPherson, Camp Benning: • Provided jobs and income tax base for state
Terms to know • Nationalism – love for one’s country • Neutral – not to take sides in a disagreement or war • Isolationism – keeping out of war • Imperialism – taking over another country or land • Propaganda – a way to influence another with information that may not be totally true
Allied Powers • the alliance was called after the US joined France, Great Britain, and Russia
End of World War I Germany had to pay for damages it caused during the war
Georgia in the 1920’s • In the 1920s, Georgia was severely affected by • Boll weevils • A prolonged drought • The loss of thousands of working farms
Great Depression • The following was common during the Great Depression • Soup kitchens • Bartering practices • Migrations in search of work
Laissez-faire • The belief that economic problems can work themselves out in the marketplace without government help or controls
Eugene Talmadge • Georgia governor that didn’t want New Deal programs in Georgia, especially those dealing with public welfare and financial assistance
Franklin D. Roosevelt • Roosevelt spent time in Georgia because the warm mineral waters of Warm Springs helped his polio. • The New Deal programs, created by Roosevelt, were intended to relieve the suffering of the unemployed.
New Deal – CCC (Civilian Conservation Corps) • What type of locations on this map were provided by the CCC? (look closely)
New Deal - REA • While sitting on his porch one evening, President Roosevelt’s view of rural Georgia inspired him to create the REA (Rural Electrification Act)- bringing electricity to farms
AAA-Agricultural Adjustment Act • Controlled the supply of seven “basic crops” by offering payments to farmers on return for taking some of their land out of farming and not planting the crop.
World War II • Axis Powers: • Germany, Italy, Japan • During WWII, Hitler was the dictator of Germany; Mussolini-Italy; Hirohito-Japan; Soviet Union-Stalin • Before the bombing of Pearl Harbor, the US provided lend-lease aid to Great Britain and the Soviet Union • The US sold and leased ships, arms and supplies to Great Britain USS Arizona
Women in WWII • Although women were not involved in combat, they were involved in the World War II effort by performing the following functions: • Serving as test pilots • Piloting new planes to military bases • Serving as nurses and clerks.
Rations during World War II • The following items were very limited or rationed during World War II: • Nylon stockings • Gasoline • Meat, butter, sugar
Georgia during World War II • Major military installations in Georgia during World War II included: • Fort Benning • Camp Gordon • Warner Robbins Air Base
Holocaust • The systematic killing of Jews during World War II.
Bell Aircraft • The plant that built B-29 bombers called the Enola Gay that dropped the bomb on Hiroshima.
Richard B. Russell • Georgia governor that tried to make state government more efficient and as US senator pushed for military preparedness and states’ rights.
The G. I. Bill • The G. I. Bill was passed by Congress to help returning soldiers adjust to civilian life after the war.
Carl Vinson • Carl Vinson is the Georgian known as the “father of the two-ocean navy.” • He believed in a strong national defense. • First USN Ship named after a living person
Isolationism • The US re-examined its policy of isolationism after the Holocaust. • (Isolationism is not taking part in the affairs of other nations.)
Calculating Percentages • The Election of 1928 • Hoover – 444 Electoral Votes • Smith – 87 Electoral Votes • What percentage of the votes belonged to Hoover? • 1. First find the total # of votes (444 + 87 =531) • 2. Divide Hoover’s votes by the total votes – • Divide 444 by 531. You get .8361 • 3. Convert to a percent my moving the decimal place to the right two places = 83.61% or 84% when rounded. • Answer: Hoover had 84% of the votes in the 1928 election.