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ENVIRONMENTAL ISSUES

ENVIRONMENTAL ISSUES

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ENVIRONMENTAL ISSUES

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  1. ENVIRONMENTAL ISSUES

  2. Environmental Changes for 2010 NOFAS New Requirements: • Application processing stage • Environmental Report • New requirement • 202s, 811s as Cat A • Not curable deficiency • To help HUD with prelim environmental review

  3. Environmental Changes Environmental Report • Separate from Phase I ESA • Per NOFA: should focus on • State environmental requirements • Relevant topics in SFNC and 4128 • Per NOFA HP, FP wetlands, endangered species, noise, fire/explosive hazards, CZM, flood zones

  4. Environmental Changes Phase I Environmental Site Assessment (ESA), • Phase I Environmental Site Assessment no longer curable deficiency • Vapor Encroachment analysis • Environmental Professional (EP) requirements laid out • Applicant to fill out “User Questionnaire “and provide to EP, to be included in Phase I ESA • Applicant to inform EP of reasons and requirements for the Phase I ESA • Findings, Opinions, and Conclusions requirements described in greater detail • More detailed discussion of Phase I ESA timing requirements

  5. Environmental Changes, contd. Phase II ESA when required • Must be submitted with application • Must address all Recognized Environmental Conditions (REC) and Vapor Encroachment Conditions (VEC) identified in Phase I ESA • To address on-site and off-site RECs and VECs

  6. Environmental changes, contd. Clean-up • Clean-up plan and associated documentation outlined below must be submitted with application • Risk-based Corrective Action (RBCA) now allowed • Contract for any remediation not required at application processing • Estimate only of clean-up costs required with application

  7. Environmental Changes Clean-up • Approval of remediation plan from the federal, State or local authorities not mandatoryat application Processing stage • Final clean-up plan prior to FIRM • Completion of work prior to final closing or initial occupancy, whichever comes first with feasibility statement to same in NOFA • Clarifies how clean-up an allowable cost

  8. Hazard Identification and Remediation • Groundwater exception to complete clean-up of site • All contamination in GW at least 25 feet below surface • No groundwater use in area or active water supply wells on site

  9. Environmental ChangesAsbestos requirements When Comprehensive Building Asbestos Survey required • ASTM E 2356-10 “Standard Practice for Comprehensive Building Asbestos Surveys.” • “baseline survey” • Not required if no pre-1978 or 4 or fewer units.

  10. Comprehensive Building Asbestos Survey Not required if sponsor statement that no Pre-1978 structures or only 1-4 units residential on site Asbestos screen not acceptable Friable or affected by rehabilitation/demolition – abate Other asbestos: O&M plan

  11. Floodplains and Wetlands Sponsors should try to select sites out of • 100-year floodplain • 500-year floodplain for critical actions: special care; i.e..., not independent living projects • Wetlands

  12. Environmental ChangesENVIRONMENTAL REVIEW PROCESS Application Processing Stage • Preliminary environmental Reviews • Except Technical reject for: floodway, coastal high hazard, 100-year flood plain • Not constitute HUD environmental approval of project site

  13. Environmental ChangesENVIRONMENTAL REVIEW PROCESS Approved grantees • If site deemed environmentally unacceptable: • Pursuant to NOFA, fund reservation may be cancelled • So, in Environmental Report make sure to address issues

  14. Environmental Changes Environmental Rating • HUD will deduct 2 points if HUD’s preliminary environmental review determines that there are obvious adverse environmental conditions and appropriate mitigation of such does not appear to be achievable within 6 months of the fund reservation date.

  15. General • 202/811 Sponsors and HUD are partners • HUD wants Sponsors to • Find a site with no concerns/easily resolvable concerns, especially • Toxic Hazards • Historic Preservation • Floodplain or Wetland

  16. Hazard Identification and Remediation • Phase I Environmental Site Ass • essment (ESA) Must use ASTM 1527-05, as amended

  17. Vapor Encroachment Screen

  18. Comprehensive Building Asbestos Surveys

  19. Hazard I&R Phase I ESA • Tech reject • If use earlier version of 1527 • Failure to use Appendix X4 • Failure to use Sections 12.5, 12.6, 12.8 • Failure to follow new/revised requirements discussed earlier

  20. Choosing an Environmentally “Safe” Site • Accessed through WEB page of 202/811 SuperNOFA • Excellent discussion • Discusses Phase I ESAs, especially for 202/811 programs • Special discussions on • Toxic & hazardous substances • USTs • Asbestos • LBP

  21. Choosing an Environmentally “Safe” SiteSupplemental Guidance Accessed through Funds Available Web page for the 202/811 Programs Discusses manmade hazards as well as items that HUD may look at during environmental review

  22. HUD Form 4128 Used to record environmental review HUD appraiser performs site visit and records results on the “Sample Field Notes Checklist”

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  25. Historic Preservation • Sample letter to SHPO/THPO • Accessed through HUD WEB page of202/811 SuperNOFA • Developed by HUD HPO • Includes all information necessary for SHPO/ THPO to provide comment • Allows for dual response to sponsor & HUD • Some Field Offices might have other sample letters

  26. Historic Preservation • If HUD needs to contact SHPO • will be done only for approved applications • HUD will complete HP prior to FIRM • At application stage if HUD believes it will take longer than 6 months – minus 2 points

  27. Historic Preservation If HUD possesses knowledge that a site might have Religious or Cultural Significance to Indian tribe or Native Hawaiian Organization • HUD will request their comments

  28. HUD HP Archeological Survey Policy • HUD rarely requires (even if SHPO requests such) • HUD HP fact sheet 6 REVISED • http://www.hud.gov/offices/cpd/environment/review/hpfactsheet06.pdf • Proposed or adjacent site already determined eligible/listed • Preliminary site work (e.g. previous surveys or predictive models) has established eligibility

  29. Floodplains and Wetlands • Sponsors should try to select sites out of • 100-year floodplain • 500-year floodplain for critical actions: special care; i.e..., not independent living projects • Wetlands • Reminder: 6 months – minus 2 points

  30. Floodplains and Wetlands • For new construction projects deemed acceptable based on no practicable alternatives, condition on approval documents • CLOMA/CLOMR prior to firm • FLOMA/FLOMR prior to final closing • Flood insurance during construction