General Awareness – Two Key Definitions: Hazmat Employer • A company/person who utilizes one or more employees to transport or cause to transport, hazardous materials in commerce, or • One who represents, marks, certifies, sells, offers, reconditions, tests, repairs, or modifies containers, drums, or packaging for use in transporting hazardous materials.
General Awareness – Two Key Definitions: Hazmat Employer (con’t) This includes: a. Owners and operator of vehicles that transport hazardous materials b. Any department or agency of the United States c. A State or political subdivision of a State d. An Indian tribe that deals with hazardous material as a form of business.
General Awareness – Two Key Definitions: Hazmat Employee • One who directly affects the safe transportation of hazardous materials, either as a self-employed person or one who performs duties relating to hazardous materials as part of the job. • This includes the owner/operator of a motor vehicle that transports hazardous materials in commerce.
Based on these definitions, workers who must be trained include those who: • Load or unload hazardous materials • Test, recondition, repair, modify, or mark containers, drums or packaging used in transporting hazardous materials • Prepare hazardous materials for transporting • Are responsible for the safe transporting of hazardous materials (supervisors for example), or • Operate a vehicle transporting hazardous materials.
General Awareness/Familiarization Training will: • Increase your awareness of the purpose of the Hazardous Materials Regulations and of the hazard communication requirements • Ensure that everyone involved in the transportation of hazardous materials uses uniform procedures.
Introduction Part 172 Subpart H of the Hazardous Materials Regulations sets training requirements for individuals involved in all modes of transportation over-the-road, rail, aircraft, or vessel) of hazardous materials. The purpose is to ensure that hazmat employers train their hazmat employees regarding safe practices in the following areas:
DOT CLASSIFICATION • Hazardous Materials Are Grouped Into “CLASSES” By The DOT
Hazmat Classification Guidelines Class 1 (Explosive) Materials Class 2 (Gas) Materials Class 3 (Flammable Liquid) Materials Class 4 (Flammable Solid) Materials Class 5.1 (Oxidizing) Materials Class 5.2 (Organic Peroxide) Materials
Hazmat Classification Guidelines Class 6 (Poison) Materials Class 7 (Radioactive) Materials Class 8 (Corrosive) Materials Class 9 (Miscellaneous) Materials Other Regulated Materials (ORM–D)
Identification Numbers # on a Orange Panel
Not For Cargo Tanks Placard Only - Not A Class
or NOT HOT
DEFINITIONS- What Are Elevated Temperature Materials?
Elevated Temp. Materials • An Elevated Temperature Material Is a Material Offered for Transportation in Bulk Packaging That Meets One of the Following Criteria:
Elevated Temp. Materials • A Liquid With a Temperature at or Above 100°C (212°F); Or
Elevated Temp. Materials • A Liquid With a Flash Point at or Above 37.8°C (100°F)That Is Intentionally Heated and Transported at or Above Its Flash Point; Or
Elevated Temp. Materials • A Solid With a Temperature at or Above 240°C (464°F)
Elevated Temp. Materials If an Elevated Temperature Material Is Not In Fact Disclosed in the Shipping Name... The Word“HOT”Must ImmediatelyPrecede the Proper Shipping Name of the Material on the Shipping Paper.
Elevated Temp. Materials Example: Hot, Resin Solution, 3, UN1886, II
LABELS • Communicating Risks Warning...
LABELS Color-Coded Systems Are Used to Label Hazardous Materials. Some Labels Have Bars or Diamonds That Indicate the Kind of Hazards. For Instance, Red a Means Fire Hazard, Yellow Means a Reactivity Hazard, Blue Means a Health Hazard. The White Area of a Label Is for Other Additional Information.
Rectangle Bar Type Labels FIRE HAZARD ??? HEALTH HAZARD ??? REACTIVITY ??? SPECIFIC HAZARD ???
DIAMOND SHAPE LABELS Fire Hazard Health Hazard Reactivity Specific Hazard
Fire Hazard - Red 4 Materials which will rapidly or completely vaporize at atmospheric pressure and normal ambient temperature, or which are readily dispersed in air and which will burn readily. (Flash Points Below 73 Degrees F)
Fire Hazard - Red 3 Liquids or solids that can be ignited under almost all ambient temperature conditions(Flash Points Below 100 Degrees F)
Fire Hazard - Red 2 Materials that must be moderately heated or exposed to relatively high ambient temperatures before ignition can occur(Flash Points Below 200 Degrees F)
Fire Hazard - Red 1 Materials that must be preheated before ignition can occur(Flash Points Above 200 Degrees F)