Aim: How did Baroque art reflect the attitudes of the 17th century? • Baroque Art: Takes shape in Italy, Spain and France after 1600. Intensely emotional, exuberant art that portrays dramatic human moments (man at his most excited). • Purposes of Baroque Art: • Tool of the counter-reformation • To glorify monarchies • In the Netherlands, people are interested in a toned down Baroque art that stressed self-portraits and a Calvinist lifestyle.
Italians • Michelangelo (late): The Dome of St. Peter’s (1626) A dramatic moment is created by the sheer size. Extremely elaborate, winding and overwhelming, all to glorify the Church.
Italians • Bernini: Ecstasy of St. Theresa (1647-1652) Sculpture of 16th century Spanish nun St. Theresa being visited by an angel. The angel plunges a golden spear into her heart, leaving her “utterly consumed by the great love of God.”
Italians Based on an Old Testament story. Judith, a Jewish widow, and her maidservant, seduce Holofernes, an Assyrian general persecuting the Jewish people. After he is drunk, the two women behead him! • Gentileschi: Judith Beheading Holofernes(1611-1612)
French More focused on glorifying absolute monarchy than the Church • Peter Paul Rubens: Henry IV Receiving the Portrait of Marie de Medici (1622-1625)
French • Poussin: The Rape of the Sabine Women (1633-1634)
The Dutch • Vermeer: Girl with a Pearl Earring (1665)
The Dutch • Rembrandt: The Night Watch (1642)