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Design Principles and Elements

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  1. Design Principles and Elements Unit 2204 Landscape Design

  2. What elements will a well planned landscape address? • Traffic flow • Environmental Protection • Continuity • Aesthetics • Land Value

  3. Landscape Types • Commercial • Balance between practicality & function • Residential • Public Area • Service Area • Private Area

  4. Unity Scale Proportion Balance Repetition Contrast Dominance or Emphasis Transition Principles of Landscape Design

  5. UNITY • All parts inter-relate to the whole • Repeat colors/textures • Plant materials in groups of 3 • Magic of Three’s • 3 Musketeers • 3 Stooges • 3 Amigos

  6. SCALE • Proportion is pleasing relationship to whole design • Keeps parts from looking too large or small

  7. PROPORTION • Size in units of materials related to each other • Use constant scale

  8. BALANCE • Visual relationship between elements of a landscape • Symmetrical Balance • Items of equal weight on each side • Asymmetrical Balance • Items with more weight on one side

  9. Symmetrical Balance

  10. Asymmetrical Balance

  11. Repetition • Repeated use of color or plant material to emphasize continuity

  12. Contrast • Use texture, scale, color and size to emphasize point of interest

  13. Emphasis • Feature point or theme for site

  14. Transition • Blending of texture, scale or color without sharp contrast

  15. What’s missing from this Base Plan?

  16. House #2

  17. House #3

  18. House #4

  19. House #5