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Latin American Politics

Latin American Politics

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Latin American Politics

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Presentation Transcript

  1. Latin American Politics Neocolonialism and Nationalism

  2. Neocolonialism

  3. Neocolonialsm • Defined • Linkages to the US and Europe • A specific mode of world politics • A manifestation and sign of power

  4. Monroe Doctrine (1823) “With the existing colonies or dependencies of any European power we have not interfered and shall not interfere. But with the Governments who have declared their independence and maintain it, and whose independence we have, on great consideration and on just principles, acknowledged, we could not view any interposition for the purpose of oppressing them, or controlling in any other manner their destiny, by any European power in any other light than as the manifestation of an unfriendly disposition toward the United States.”

  5. The Great Export Boom • 1870-1930 • See 182-183 in Chasteen • The commodity trade • FDI (see 201) • Collapse of commodity trade leads to ISI

  6. Governance • Rise of oligarchical rule and authoritarianism • The Porfiriato in Mexico (1876-1911) • Anti-US intellectuals (e.g, Rodó, Darió, Martí) • Anti-US politics (Sadino)

  7. Nationalism • Basic definition • As a response to neocolonialism • Ethnic component • The Mexican Revolution

  8. Nationalism • Batlle and economic nationalism • ISI as a manifestation of economic nationalism • Vargas and the Estado Novo • Personism