Bacterial Meningitis By: Michael Chong and Jack Cannon
What is Bacterial Meningitis? Meningitis is an infection of the membranes surrounding the brain and spinal cord. Meningitis can be in the form of bacterial, fungal or viral infection. You want to watch for high fever, headaches, and an inability to lower your chin to your chest due to stiffness in the neck. Also, any rashes on your body is a symptom of Meningitis. it has been around for a long time. There is a cure.
Who is Vulnerable to Meningitis? Mainly children or infants aging from a month to two years of age. Adults, both men and women are at higher risk of Meningitis if they abuse alcohol, have chronic nose and ear infections, sustain a head injury or get pneumococcal pneumonia.
History The first outbreak that was recorded was in Geneva, in 1805 In North America, Massachusetts was the first state to be effected. In Africa, 1840 it first hit, as time goes on it becomes more serious, now in the 20th century it is very common. The first evidence that linked bacterial infection as a cause of meningitis was written by Austrian bacteriology Anton Vaykselbaum who described meningococcal bacteria in 1887.
Spreading It can be spread by a person coughing or sneezing on another. Or it can also spread from direct touch in some cases.
Symptoms Symptoms include a high fever, headache, and stiffness due to the neck Adults and older teenagers will seem confused, increase in drowsiness, and easy to be annoyed or irritated.
Treatment Bacterial Meningitis is treated by antibiotics and it could be given before the results are in from examinations. Doctor may change the antibiotics when the specific bacteria is found that is causing Bacterial Meningitis. People will need to see a doctor or notify one to check if serious or can be treated quickly. Bacterial Meningitis doesn’t require surgery.
Current Research At young ages it can cause disabilities and it can give brain damage, loss of hearing/cause deaf, etc.. Scientist are studying the effects of young and the old (top bullet).
Work Cited http://my.clevelandclinic.org/disorders/meningitis/hic_bacterial_meningitis.aspx http://www.cdc.gov/meningitis/bacterial.html hostbiko.com/how-bacterial-meningitis-is-a432.html www.news-medical.net/health/History-of-Meningitis.aspx hot7usa.blogspot.com feww.wordpress.com http://my.clevelandclinic.org/disorders/meningitis/hic_bacterial_meningitis.aspx