Bacterial Meningitis By: Joseph Olivieri and Jose De La Cruz
What is Bacterial Meningitis? • It is a swelling of tissue around your brain or spinal cord, not allowing blood flow • Bacterial • Been around for more than 190 years
Symptoms • Adults: Fever, vomiting, headache, confusion, seizures, stiff neck and joint pain • Children: Refusing food, being very lethargic, arching back, high pitch moaning, cold hands, and feet • Doctors must perform a spinal tap, also known as a lumbar puncture to identify the disease • Spinal tap allows doctors to examine the cerebrospinal fluid to see if it contains meningitis causing bacteria. • Appear through rash
How is it spread? • Bacterial Meningitis can be spread through direct contact with nose and throat secretions. • Sharing a glass • Sharing an eating utensil • Coughing or sneezing in another persons face • Sharing a cigarette
History of Bacterial Meningitis • First recorded in Geneva in 1805 • Deadly outbreak in Africa from 1904-1905 caused many deaths
Who is most susceptible? • Children between one month and two years • Adults: higher risk if abuse of alcohol • Chronic nose and ear infections • Sustain a head injury • Or have pneumococcal pneumonia. • May occur if you had brain or spinal surgery • Occur in close living conditions such as: • Military barracks • College dormitories
Citations • Bacterial Meningitis. [Bethesda, Md.]: U.S. Dept. of Health and Human Services, Public Health Service, National Institutes of Health, 1984. Print. • Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 15 Mar. 2012. Web. 13 Feb. 2013. • "History of Meningitis." History of Meningitis. N.p., n.d. Web. 13 Feb. 2013. • Smith, Jessica. "What Is Bacterial Meningitis?" Health Wellness RSS. N.p., n.d. Web. 13 Feb. 2013. • Tunkel, Allan R. Bacterial Meningitis. Philadelphia: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, 2001. Print.