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HOW DO GOVERNMENTS DETERMINE CITIZEN PARTICIPATION?. SS7CG4. b. Governments determine what rights if any are given to its citizens. Autocratic Oligarchic Democratic. autocratic. Ruler has absolute power to do as he wishes Makes and enforces laws of his choosing
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Governments determine what rights if any are given to its citizens • Autocratic • Oligarchic • Democratic
autocratic • Ruler has absolute power to do as he wishes • Makes and enforces laws of his choosing • Citizens do not have any rights: • Cannot choose their leaders • Cannot vote on which laws are made • Little power to use against the gov’t if they disagree with decisions or laws • Saudi Arabia is a monarchy where the king has all the power. This is an example of an autocratic gov’t
oligarchy • Means “governed by a few” • A political party or small group of people takes over the gov’t and makes all of the major decisions • Citizens have little choice or power to make changes • Iran and Syria are oligarchies • Iran: • Small group of religious and political leaders make many of the important decisions
Democracy • Citizens play a greater role in deciding who the leaders are and what decisions are made • Means “demos” which means “people” in Greek • Goal is to leave as much individual freedom as possible but still have rules that organize society • Decisions are made by a majority vote • Citizens have power to ask gov’t for help when they feel their rights have been violated • Israel is a democracy • Iraq is hoping to establish a democratic gov’t
Summary questions • Who makes most of the important decisions in an autocracy? • Which Middle East country is an autocracy? • Who makes most of the important decisions in an oligarchy? • Which Middle East country is an oligarchy? • Why do citizens have more power in a democracy than in an autocracy or oligarchy? • Which Middle East country is a democracy?