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Chapter 9 Sports Psychology

Chapter 9 Sports Psychology

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Chapter 9 Sports Psychology

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  1. Chapter 9Sports Psychology Jeffry Mathis & Minerva Duke-Caruso

  2. Student Learning Objectives In this chapter we will: • Discuss what sport psychologists do. • Explain how sport psychology fits within Kinesiology. • Describe how sport psychology evolved within the field of Kinesiology.

  3. Student Learning Objectives • Help you understand how sport psychology professionals engage in research and practice. • Discuss what research tells us about personality, motivation, energy management, and group processes. • Explain how intervention techniques are used to enhance participation in physical activity.

  4. What IS sport psychology? • A • B • C • Science?

  5. What Does a Sport Psychologist DO? • Social-psychological factors that influence behavior and performance: • Why are some individuals motivated to exercise and others not? • Why do some athletes “choke” and others do not? • Why do children drop out of youth sport programs? • Is it better to exercise alone or in a group?

  6. What Does a Sport Psychologist DO? • Psychological effects derived from participation:

  7. What Does a Sport Psychologist DO? • Enhance experience for participants (ASP):

  8. Where did sport psychology come from? • When did it start? • Body and mind

  9. Where did sport psychology come from? • A brief North American history: • Norman Triplett 1898 • Coleman Griffith 1919-1938 • Bruce Ogilvie & Tom Tutko

  10. Research Methods

  11. Personality

  12. Sports Builds Character • Does it really? • Sports – The W

  13. Sports Builds Character • Sports – • “Sport doesn’t build character, people do.” (Vealey, R.S. 2009)

  14. Motivation • External • Internal

  15. Competence Motivation Theory

  16. Competence Motivation Theory No Enjoyment Perceived Incompetence Fewer Mastery Attempts More Enjoyment Perceived Competence

  17. Developing Intrinsic Motivation • Intrinsically motivated towards competence

  18. Group Membership • Team Cohesion / Team “chemistry” • Teams with good cohesion perform better. • Right?

  19. Cohesion Causes

  20. Cohesion Causes

  21. Cohesion Causes

  22. Cohesion Causes • Team Factors

  23. Mental Training

  24. Visualization

  25. Thinking Skills • Self Talk • Positive • Negative • Body focus • Association • Disassociation

  26. Behavioral Strategies • Goal Setting • SMART • Specific • Measurable • Action-oriented • Realistic • Time sensitive

  27. AAAAAGGH!!! • Stress, Anxiety, and Arousal

  28. What’s the diff? • Stress – (Selye 1983) • Anxiety – • Arousal –

  29. Stress • Stress – • Perception • Eustress • Distress • Both? • Coping

  30. Anxiety • Anxiety – • Multidimensional • Trait Anxiety • State Anxiety • Cognitive Anxiety • Somatic Anxiety

  31. Arousal • Arousal –

  32. Research • What is the relationship between arousal and athletic performance? • Drive Theory • Inverted U theory

  33. Research • How do we measure arousal? • Yerkes & Dodson • Bzzzzt! 0 50 100 150 200 250 Bzzt

  34. Yerkes Dodson • What does it mean?

  35. Catastrophe Theory • Multidimensional