Sports Psychology Motivation
Definition • Motivation: An action towards a goal. • Positive mental skills of an athlete • Confident, • Optimistic • Energetic • enjoyment
Positive Mental Skills • Determined • Motivated • Dedicated • Focused
Two types of Motivation • Extrinsic motivation: The desire or push to perform a certain behavior based on the potential external rewards that may be received as a result.
Intrinsic Motivation • Intrinsic Motivation: the motivation or desire to do something based on the enjoyment of the behavior itself rather than relying on or requiring external reinforcement.
Trophies Playing your personal best Mastery of skill Enjoyment Personal Growth Money Challenging yourself Pushing yourself to higher goals Enjoying the competition Prestige or fame Intrinsic or Extrinsic?
Learning • You can learn to be motivated. • Positive Reinforcement • Negaive Reinforcement • Punishment
Type of Learning • Reinforcement is any change in an organism's surroundings that is associated with an increase in the probability that the response will be made
Types of Reinforcement • Positive reinforcement changes the surroundings by adding a stimulus that increases the likelihood of the behavior occurring in the future. • Some things which can generally act as positive reinforcers include food, money etc.
Types of Reinforcement • Negative reinforcement changes the surroundings by removing an aversive stimulus - such as turning off a painful electric current or removing a conditioned reinforcer such as changing the channel during commercials. There are two types of negative reinforcement.
Negative Reinforcement Con’t • Escape conditioning occurs when the aversive stimulus has already begun, and the behavior terminates it. Examples include scratching an itch or hitting the snooze button on an alarm clock. • Avoidance conditioning occurs when the behavior allows an aversive stimulus to be avoided before it starts. Examples include eating to avoid hunger, and taking an alternate route to avoid a traffic jam.
Video Clips • All for one • Self Motivated
Flash Cards #1 • Fair play • determination • Motivating • Good goals • Have fun • Good sport • Try your hardest • Honesty • Optimistic
Determination Fair play Positive attitude Courage Optimistic Good sportsmanship Learn from mistakes Respect Be nice to each other Concentration Flash Cards #2
Conclusion • Try and find as many ways to motivate yourself intrinsically. • You will work harder, play harder and enjoy the competition more