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BIOLOGY FINAL REVIEW

BIOLOGY FINAL REVIEW

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BIOLOGY FINAL REVIEW

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  1. BIOLOGY FINAL REVIEW

  2. What type of biomolecule are enzymes? • Protein

  3. What is the basic building block of proteins? • Amino acids

  4. An atom’s second energy level holds ___ electrons. • Eight

  5. The basic unit of life is the ____. • Cell

  6. What type of bonds are found in unsaturated lipids? • Double bonds

  7. Cells that contain a nucleus are classified as _______. • Eukaryotes

  8. The information gathered during the experiment is called ______. • Data

  9. The passing on of traits from parents to offspring is called _____. • Heredity

  10. Cells containing two alleles for each trait are described as ___ cells. • Diploid

  11. The female gamete is called a(n) ____ cell. • Egg

  12. _____ is the organelle that is gel-like and holds the other organelles • Cytoplasm

  13. Which type of cell has ONLY a cell membrane? • Animal

  14. Cells that only contain ONE allele for each trait are called ____ cells. • Haploid

  15. A structured procedure for collecting information to test a hypothesis is called the ______. • Experiment

  16. The part of the experiment in which all conditions are kept the same is called the ___. • Control

  17. What is the function of chlorophyll? • Absorption of sunlight

  18. The sequence of growth & division of a cell is called the ___. • Cell Cycle

  19. In aerobic respiration, the final electron acceptor in the ETC is _____. • Oxygen

  20. Energy is released from ATP when the bond is broken between… • Two phosphate groups

  21. What is the longest phase of the cell cycle? • Interphase

  22. The pairing of ____ in DNA is the key to insuring the code. • Nitrogen bases

  23. A DNA nucleotide is made up of a phosphate, nitrogen base and…. • Deoxyribose sugar

  24. ______ structures show similarities between organisms. For example, birds & mammals that share similar bone structures • Homologous structures

  25. Where in the cell does translation take place? • Ribosomes

  26. What organelle is responsible for storage? • Vacuole

  27. Write an example of a heterozygous genotype. (using the letter B) • Bb

  28. What type of inheritance shows a blending of the trait? • Incomplete dominance

  29. What type of inheritance expresses both traits EQUALLY? • Codominance

  30. What type of inheritance pattern controls blood types? • Multiple alleles

  31. Sex-linked traits are usually carried on the __ chromosome. • X chromosome

  32. What process creates gametes? • Meiosis

  33. ____ is the replacement of a defective gene with a normal gene • Gene therapy

  34. A ____ is a tool that charts chromosomes according to size, banding & centromere location • Karyotype

  35. The entire collection of genes within the human race is called the _______. • Human genome

  36. ____ is used to transfer DNA from one organism to another • Vector

  37. ____ is the father of binomial nomenclature • Carolus Linnaeus

  38. ____ is the science of grouping & naming organisms • Taxonomy

  39. What human genetic disorder is caused by having only one X sex chromosome? • Turner syndrome

  40. ___ is a tool used to compare DNA fragments • DNA fingerprinting

  41. What genetic disorder results in the person having Trisomy 21? • Down Syndrome

  42. ____ are organisms that contains functional recombinant DNA • Transgenic organism

  43. What is an example of an ABIOTIC factor? • Soil quality • Water quality • Temperature • Amount of sunlight • Amount of rainfall

  44. What is an example of parasitism? • Deer & tick • Human & tapeworm • Flea & dog

  45. _____ is the manipulation of DNA • Biotechnology

  46. What is the function of the ribosome? • Make proteins

  47. Plant cells make their food in this organelle.. • Chloroplast

  48. What are the products of photosynthesis? • Glucose & oxygen

  49. What is the total number of ATP molecules made during glycolysis? • Two

  50. Which type of organism is found at the base (start) of all food chains? • producer