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  1. Facilitators • Angela Hammond, Learning & Teaching Institute • Karen Robins, Business School

  2. Outcomes for the session • The role of drafts in formative assessment • How Turnitin works • How to set up Turnitin for formative feedback

  3. Outline of the session • Assessment matters • Using drafts for formative assessment • A demonstration of Turnitin • Setting up the facility to submit drafts • Q&A But is there anything else you want to cover?

  4. Learner-oriented assessment • formative assessment as a supportive edifice/structure for the learner (Sadler, 1998) • a shift in responsibility - in the direction of the learner • assessment within the framework of constructive alignment (Biggs, 2007) • “Assessment practices must send the right signals to students about what they should be learning and how they should be learning it”.

  5. Learning good practice Formative assessment Developmental Drafts Feedback Summative assessment Good academic practice Ownership Learner autonomy Chickering and Gamson : Seven principles for good practice in undergraduate education Encourages active learning Communicates high expectations

  6. Building in draft assessment • a proactive rather than reactive approach • use as a carrot not a stick – build in marks for the draft (e.g. 10%) • the students need to engage with the feedback • “Formative assessment checks their growth and sees that it is on track” (Biggs,2007)

  7. Pride in authorship • A project to improve academic standards • Information Hertfordshire and Business School • 2008/9 • Sample cohort of 34 international students • Workshops, i-Spy tutorials, Turnitin • Developmental tool for formative feedback

  8. Handling information • easyto find information over the Internet • difficult to tell the difference between good and poor quality information • related to lifelong learning (Brew, 1999 in Biggs, 2007) • ASKE leaflets (Oxford Brookes)

  9. Involving the learner • the student submits the work to Turnitin • the draft does not have to be stored on the database • an originality report is generated • the student can submit as often as they wish • the system acts as an early warning

  10. TurnitinUK Plagiarism Detection • Student work is compared against • Current and previous Internet sites • Published work form from periodicals, journals and databases. • Student assessment submitted to Turnitin from1996 • Essays from cheat websites Karen Robins - June 2008

  11. Useful information • Lecturers can use Turnitin to give formative feedback by giving students access to their turnitin report • Students can submit their work direct to Turnitin • Studentpapers do not have to be written to the Turnitin database • Overwrite option • Draft option Karen Robins - June 2008

  12. Logging on toTurnitin • Go to • Enter your email address and password • Forgotten password • enter your email address & click on ‘forgotten password’ Karen Robins - June 2008

  13. Student View to submit a document

  14. Upload your document • Click on the icon under submit

  15. Submitting your work

  16. Submitting your work

  17. Go to portfolio

  18. Originality report Click on icon below contents This may take 10-15 minutes to complete

  19. Interpreting the Originality Report • The originality report should be returned to your inbox within a few minutes.- if the report icon is greyed out, it is still being processed. • The reports are colour coded, red indicates text matching in excess of 75% • All matching text is colour coded and numbered • The report does not distinguish between properly referenced and unacknowledged work • It is possible to exclude quoted material and bibliographies

  20. Turnitin report 1 If this is referenced, the work is highly derivative and the will be marked down for lack of originality. If no references exists, the student is guilty of plagiarism You should aim for matches of 1% or less and an overall total of less than 10%

  21. Turnitin report 2 This is not acceptable, too much have been taken from other sources whether they have been referenced or not. This is potential plagiarism and needs investigating by an academic conduct officer This is potential collusion with another student

  22. Removing a match Click on the cross in the grey square beside the match June 2009

  23. Creating a class Click the add class link on your instructor homepage. • Enter class name (Module name) • Enter class enrolment password (Module code) • Choose class end date • Click submit June 2009

  24. Creating a new assignment June 2009

  25. For formative feedback use ‘more options’ For formative feedback, select Immediately (can overwrite reports until due date) For student submissions not to be saved database , selectno repository June 2009

  26. Revision and Overwrite Revision – from the new assignment • Revision allows the student to submit one or more drafts of their work and these will not over written. The tutor can see how the students’ work has changed over time Overwrite – via ‘more options’ • ‘immediately (can overwrite until due date)’allows students to overwrite their draft. The tutor will not be able to see previous versions. June 2009

  27. Common pitfalls • Turnitin document types?Turnitin checks MS Word, WordPerfect, PostScript, PDF, HTML, RTF, and plain text documents.  • does not check files in graphic formats such as TIFF, EPS, PSD, JPEG, PICT, etc. • Students do not know their UH email address • Turnitin password is case sensitive • Given choice only a small proportion of students will submit toTurnitin • Turnitin picks up about 50% matches to other sources June 2009

  28. StudyNet - New Features • To bulk download assignments for marking offline (Sem B) • To upload assignments from Studynet direct to Turnitin • To give students access to Turnitin June 2009

  29. Instructions for Students- to create user profiles • Go to • Click “sign up” on top menu bar • Click enrol as a student • Under ‘create a user profile’ select ‘student’ as user type. • Enter Class ID: (module code) • Enter enrolment password: (module name) • Follow instructions on the screen to create your own personal login (herts email address) and password (Remember your password for later assignments) June 2009

  30. Student instructions- Logging in and submitting work Once you have created a user profile return to • Click user login • Enter your email address and password details and login • Click on (module name) – then click on ‘submit’ • Your name should already appear – enter your paper title (any logical name will do) • Click ‘browse’ and find your assignment paper file on your computer or disk and upload this file • Click submit. June 2009

  31. References • Biggs, J, B. Teaching for quality learning at university. 3rd edn. Buckingham: SRHE and Open University Press • Chickering, A. W. & Gamson, Z. F. (1987). Seven principles for good practice in undergraduate education. American Association for Higher Education Bulletin, 39(7), 3–7. • Sadler, 1998 - Formative assessment: revisiting the territory • StudyNet: Good practice in assessment

  32. References • JISC Internet Plagiarism • Plagiarism Advisory Service – Funded by JISCTurnitin UK Instructor FAQs • TurnitinUK – Help User Manuals and FAQs (Instructor and student user guides and videos) • Mary Davis. (2007). Mary D. Available: June 2009