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Hazard Communication

Hazard Communication

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Hazard Communication

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  1. Hazard Communication GENERAL 1

  2. Introduction The purpose of this training is to familiarize you with the Occupational Health and Safety Administration’s (OSHA) Hazard Communication standard 29 CFR 1910.1200 & Alaska’s standard (is more strict)8 AAC 61.1110 2

  3. Overview • What is Hazard Communication? • What are the program requirements? • Hazards of non-routine work • Training requirements • Material Safety Data Sheets (MSDS) • Physical Agent Data Sheets (PADS) • Labeling • What are the hazards? • Health & Physical • Routes of exposure/entry • Protective measures • Inventory requirements • What now? 3

  4. What is Hazard Communication? • OSHA Hazard Communication Standard 29 CFR 1910.1200 – “Right to Know” went into effect in November 1985 • The purpose of Hazcom is to communicate hazards associated with the workplace to employees • You, as an employee, have a Right to Knowabout the hazards in your work area and the potential effects of these hazards upon your health and safety 4

  5. Things to Consider It may seem easy enough expect chemicals and physical hazards in labs, shops, and maintenance areas but what about offices and classrooms? - Copier/printer toners - Dry erase cleaners - Cleaning chemicals, sprays - Vibration - Noise They all have MSDS sheets or PADS 5

  6. What do I need to know? Employees often ask themselves the following questions 1. How can this hazard hurt me? 2. What can I do to protect myself? 3. Where can I find the answers to the first two questions? 5

  7. Key Elements of the Hazard Communication Standard The OSHA Hazard Communication Standard is composed of five key elements. These five key elements are: • Written Program - A written program must be developed which ties all of the below elements together • Material Safety Data Sheets - A detailed description of each hazardous material listed in the Materials Inventory • Labeling- Containers of hazardous materials must have labels which identify the material and warn of its potential hazard to employees • Training - All employees must be trained to identify and work safely with hazardous materials • Materials Inventory and Hazard Assessment - A list of the hazardous materials and other physical hazards present in your work area 6

  8. Hazard Communication Program Written program must include: • Employee training information • Information regarding non-routine hazards • Methods of informing employees of other employers (contractors) 7

  9. Hazard Communication Program • UAF written Hazard Communication Program is accessible at: • A site specific plan is required to be completed by individual departments (see template at the above link). 8

  10. Hazards of non-routine tasks Periodically, employees are required to perform hazardous non-routine tasks Prior to starting work on such projects, affected employees will be given information by their supervisor on hazards to which they may be exposed during such activity This information will cover: • Specific hazards • Measures the company has taken to reduce the risk of these hazards, such as providing ventilation, ensuring the presence of another employee, providing a respiratory protection program, and establishing emergency procedures • Required protective/safety measures 9

  11. The First Step • Hazardous materials (chemical products) and physical hazards (radiation, lasers, vibration, etc.) are everywhere. It has been estimated that over a half million chemical products are used by business and industry every year. Some of these hazards pose little danger to you, while others are deadly • Modern manufacturing would not be possible without chemicals and processes. However, like machinery or electrical equipment, you must know how to use chemicals safely • The first step in using chemicals and processes safely is to recognize those materials and processes that may be hazardous to your health or physical safety 10

  12. Training Requirements 11

  13. Training • Employee training is an integral part of the hazard communication program and must be provided: • at the time of initial assignment • whenever a new hazard is introduced into the workplace, and • when employees may be exposed to other employers’ workplace hazards • Hazard Communication – General overview training • This PowerPoint presentation serves as a general overview training of the UAF Hazard Communication program • Hazard Communication – Site specific training • In addition to the general overview training you will receive site specific training from your supervisor. This training will include specific hazards in your work area, contents of unlabeled pipes, and methods to reduce hazards (engineering controls, administrative controls, product substitution, and personal protective equipment) 12

  14. Material Safety Data Sheets (MSDS) 13

  15. MSDS • Reference that identifies chemical characteristics and hazards • Must have one for each hazardous chemical used in the work area • Each department maintains MSDS file • Must be accessible to all employees whenever they are in their work area 14

  16. What materials have MSDS? • Material Safety Data Sheets are available for ALL of the hazardous materials present in your work areas 15

  17. MSDS Information The MSDS contains information specific to the chemical it references. Information includes: • Section 1: Identification of chemical • Section 2: Hazardous Ingredients • Section 3: Physical Data • Section 4: Fire & Explosion Data • Section 5: Health Hazards • Section 6: Reactivity • Section 7: Personal Protective Equipment • Section 8: Spills & Leak Procedures • Section 9: Handling & Storage Note: The section identification (1-9) will always be the same, the only difference will be the information contained within each section will be specific for the chemical the MSDS is referencing 16

  18. Within the MSDS sections information includes • Permissible Exposure Limits (PEL), Threshold Limit Value (TLV), other exposure limits • Whether the chemical is a carcinogen • Precautions to take for safe handling/use • Recommended engineering controls 17

  19. Within the MSDS sections information includes, cont. • Emergency first aid procedures • Date of preparation • Name, address, phone number of manufacturer, importer, responsible party 18

  20. How to find MSDS • Ask your supervisor or manager where the MSDS are located in your work area • Take time to read the MSDS which describe the hazardous materials present in your work area • Remember, knowing where MSDS are located and how to use them is your responsibility; it is part of your job 19

  21. Labeling 20

  22. What must be labeled? • The OSHA Hazard Communication Standard requires that ALL hazardous materials be labeled. Labels must appear either on the container itself, the batch ticket, placard, or the process sheets • Hazardous chemicals in portable containers which are for the immediateuse of the employee who performs the transfer is the exception to this rule 21

  23. Basic Label Information OSHA requires that the following information be included on ALL labels: • Identity of Hazardous Chemical(s) 2. Appropriate hazard warnings, or alternatively, words, pictures, symbols, or combination thereof, which provide at least general information regarding the hazards of the chemicals, and which, in conjunction with the other information immediately available to employees under the Hazcom program, will provide employees with the specific information regarding the health and physical hazards of the hazardous chemical 3. Name and address of the chemical manufacture, importer, or other responsible party 22

  24. Labels • Labels warn of potential dangers • Labels are not intended to be the sole source of information • Labels serve only as an immediate warning. See MSDS for detailed information. 23

  25. Labeling Requirements • Ensure labels do not come off, become smudged or unreadable • For hard-to-label containers, use: • signs or placards • process sheets, or batch tickets 24

  26. Labeling Requirements • Be able to quickly identify the general hazard of any material: • HMIS system identifies: • health hazards • flammability hazards • physical hazards • PPE 25

  27. Key Words • As you read labels, you will see key words which signal you that you should take extra care when handling a particular hazardous material. These key words include: • CAUTIONMODERATE RISK • WARNING MAJOR RISK • DANGER SERIOUS RISK For example, the key word "DANGER" means: • Immediate harm, long term effects, or death may occur • Chemicals may be toxic, corrosive, or flammable • Protective equipment and/or clothing may be required 26

  28. UAF Approved Labeling System UAF USES A LABELING COMBINATION OF: • Primary Labeling • Maintaining labels provided by the manufactures; suppliers • Hazardous Material Information System (HMIS) • National Fire Protection Association (NFPA) • Fisher • Mallinckrodt Baker • Department of Transportation (DOT) 27

  29. Health Hazards 28

  30. Health Hazards • Health hazards include– • Sensitizers • Toxic Substances • Irritants • Carcinogens 29

  31. Major types of health hazards • Any chemical that may be harmful to your health is called a health hazard. The following is a brief description of the major types of health hazards: • Corrosives - cause tissue damage and burns on contact with the skin and eyes • Primary Irritants - cause intense redness or swelling of the skin or eyes on contact, but with no permanent tissue damage • Sensitizers - cause an allergic skin or lung reaction 30

  32. Major types of health hazards, cont. • Acutely Toxic Materials - cause an adverse effect, even at a very low dose • Carcinogens - may cause cancer • Teratogens - may cause birth defects • Organ Specific Hazards - may cause damage to specific organ systems, such as the blood, liver, lungs, or reproductive system 31

  33. Your supervisor will instruct you on the health hazards for the chemicals in your work area Health hazard information is also found on the MSDS for each chemical (Section 5) You should know where to find the MSDS file in the areas you work Health Hazards Health hazards cause health effects upon exposure 32

  34. Health Hazards • Routes of exposure: • Absorption – skin & eyes • Ingestion – direct & indirect • Inhalation • Injection 33

  35. Physical Hazards 34

  36. Physical Hazards • Physical hazards are those hazards which threaten your physical safety 35

  37. Combustible liquid Compressed gas Explosive Flammable Organic peroxide Oxidizer Unstable (reactive) Physical hazards include any chemical that is a: 36

  38. Heat Stress Cold Stress Lasers Hand-Arm Vibration Ionizing Radiation Noise Radio Waves Ultraviolet Radiation Physical hazards also include: 37

  39. Protective Measures 38

  40. Protective Measures • Engineering controls • Well designed work areas minimize exposure to materials which are hazardous. Examples of engineering controls would include exhaust systems and wetting systems to control dust • Work practices • Safe work practices will insure that chemicals are used correctly and safely • Product Substitution • Because many chemicals do similar jobs, it is important to select chemicals that do a good job, while being less toxic • Personal protective equipment • Respirators, eye protection, gloves, aprons, and other protective equipment and clothing are designed to protect you while you work - USE THEM! 39

  41. Materials Inventory 40

  42. Materials Inventory • Your supervisorwill prepare and keep current an inventory list of all known hazards present in your workplace • Specific information on each noted hazardous substance can be obtained by reviewing the MSDS Sample 41

  43. What Now? 42

  44. What Now? • Know the location and availability of hazard communication program, chemical and physical hazard inventory and MSDS files • Know what protective measures (PPE) you will need when dealing with hazards • Speak with your supervisor about chemical specific and site specific Hazcom training 43

  45. What Now? • Knowing how to work safely with chemicals and other physical hazards is an important activity. This is the reason for the online training, site specific training, materials inventory and MSDS • You have a right to know, but you also have a responsibility to use the knowledge and skills to work safely 44

  46. EHS&RM Hazcom Contact Information • Director • Frances Isgrigg, 474-5487 • Hazmat Supervisor • Richard Deck, 474-5617 • Industrial Hygienist • Tracey Martinson, 474-6771 • Safety Officers • Gary Beaudette, 474-2763 • Kim Knudson, 474-5476 Office: 474-5413 Fax: 474-5489 Email: Website: 45