Topic Sentence - TS • The top bun of a hamburger • First sentence in the paragraph • It shows the main idea • It is something that you have to prove later in your paragraph. • It can be a brief as 3 – 5 words! • EX: In the fairy tale, “The Three Little Pigs,” the third pig is very wise.
Concrete Details - CD • These are the meat of the hamburger. • Support for your TS • Facts • Quotes • Examples, etc • CDs can’t be argue with – a CD is evidence that supports your point! • EX: For example, remembering his mother’s warning about a wolf, he builds his house out of study brick.
Commentary - CM • Are the “extras” on the hamburger – the tomato, cheese, lettuce, etc • Your analysis, interpretation, explanation or insight into the text • EX: The wolf is unable to blow down the brick house. This shows that the third pig is smarter than his brothers who were both eaten by the wolf.
For Example For instance Consequently Thus Because of this As a result In summary Hence Therefore Good Transition Words
Whole Paragraph • In the fairy tale “The Three Little Pigs,” the third pig is very wise. For example, remembering his mother’s warning about a wolf, he builds his house out of sturdy brick.The wolf is unable to blow down the brick house. This shows that the third pig is smarter than his brothers who were both eaten by the world.
TS CD CM Practice • TS – I hate Christmas shopping • CD – For example, • CM – • CM -
TS CD CM Practice • TS – The walls in this room are dull and boring. • CD – For instance, • CM – • CM -
TS – Hawthorne uses the characterization of Dr. Heidegger’s study to show how his past influences his actions. • CD – For instance, Dr. Heidegger’s study was “haunted” by spirits of his deceased patients who lived in his mirror. • CM – This shows that Dr. Heidegger’s patients did not leave this world happy with him. • CM – • CM -