Integrated Pest Management Essential Standard 9.00- Explain Integrated Pest Management (IPM) and pesticides.
Objective 9.01 • Discuss Integrated Pest Management Strategies
Integrated Pest Management • Most effective and environmentally friendly method approach to control • Focuses on pest prevention • Identifying, preventing and monitoring pests • Least amount of danger to the environment.
Steps to IPM • Identification • Prevention of pests • Controlled by using cultural methods such as crop rotation, pest resistant varieties and planting pest-free rootstock • Monitoring new infestations • Traps may be used to check pest population
Steps to IPM • Use the less risky pest control first • Including pheromones that will disrupt pest mating • Mechanical controls including traps. • If these methods are not effective, additional control methods • Target spraying • Broadcast spraying would be used as a last resort
Biological Control • Lady beetles or lady bugs • Both adults and larva feed • Soft bodied insects (aphids), mites and eggs. • Parasitic wasp • Caterpillar • Butterfly or moth egg or pupa • Beetle egg • Other insects in the egg, larva or pupa stage
Biological Control • Praying mantis • Will eat just about any pest • Green lacewing larvae • Predators that feed mainly on soft bodied insects, mites, and eggs • Predatory mites • Attack spider mites at any stage of development inside a greenhouse or outside
Objective 9.02 • Discuss key signal words and safety precautions on pesticide labels.
Pesticide • Any material used to control pests (plants or animals that are harmful to human beings or to the crops that they cultivate) • May be natural or manmade
Key Signal Words • Danger • Has a skull and crossbones symbol and the word POISON in red on the label • It is highly toxic • Orally • Dermally • Inhalation • Causes severe eye or skin burn
Key Signal Words • Warning • Is moderately toxic orally, dermally, through inhalation and moderate eye and skin irritation • The word WARNING will be written on the label
Key Signal Words • Caution • Is slightly toxic to relatively non-toxic orally, dermally or through inhalation or causes slight eye and skin irritation • The word CAUTION will be written on the label.
Reading a Pesticide Label • Includes the name and address of manufacturer • Includes the trade, brand or product name • Example is Ortho • Classification • General pesticides • Purchased and applied by the general public • Restricted pesticides • Purchased by a licensed certified applicator only. • It may be applied by or under the direct supervision of a licensed certified applicator
Reading a Pesticide Label • Active ingredients • Common name • Chemical name • Type of pesticide • Insecticide—kills insects. • Herbicide—kills unwanted plants. • Selective herbicides kill specific weeds or plants. • Non selective herbicides kill all plants with which they come in contact. • Fungicide controls fungi
Reading a Pesticide Label • Form of substance • Dust • Wettable powder • Fumigant • Liquid • Granular • EPA (Environmental Protection Agency) registration number.
Reading a Pesticide Label • Establishment number—(EPA Est. No.111-NC-1) • which appears on the pesticide label or container identifies the facility that produced the product • Storage and disposal precaution • Hazard statement including “Keep Out of the Reach of Children” • Net contents
Reading a Pesticide Label • Statement of practical treatment • What to do if a person swallows or is poisoned • Environmental Hazard • Indicates that the product may have undesirable effects in the environment • Especially to wildlife such as bees, fish and birds • General Environmental Statement • Watch for run off • Avoid applying on windy days • Keep pesticides out of storm water sewer drains
Reading a Pesticide Label • Physical or Chemical Hazard • Informs individuals of specific fire or explosion hazards • Worker protection procedures • PPE-personal protective equipment • Masks • Coveralls • Respirators • Gloves • Safety glasses or goggles • Rubber boots
Reading a Pesticide Label • Reentry time (REI) • The time that must past before reentering a treated area • First aid statement • Storage and disposal • Directions for use including mixing and application
Pesticide Safety • The most important rule in pesticide safety is to read and follow all directions on the pesticide label because all other rules are included in this one
Choosing Pesticides • North Carolina Agricultural Chemicals Manual • May be purchased from NC State University • May be viewed online at: http://ipm.ncsu.edu/agchem/agchem.html