Personality Dr: Amir El-Fiky
Definition: • Personality is made up of the characteristic patterns of thoughts, feelings, and behaviors that make a person unique. • It is the constellation of traits unique to the individual.
Personality originates within the individual and remains fairly consistent throughout life. • Your personality is like a psychological fingerprint. Only you have your particular personality.
Components of Personality: • Consistency • Psychological and physiological • Impact behaviors and actions • Multiple expressions
Theories of Personality: • Type theories • Trait theories • Psychodynamic theories • Behavioral theories • Humanist theories
The Structural Model of Personality: • According to Sigmund Freud's psychoanalytic theory of personality, personality is composed of three elements. • These three elements of personality: • The id • The ego • The superego
The "Big Five" Personality Dimensions: • Extraversion • Agreeableness • Conscientiousness • Neuroticism • Openness
Personality Tests: • Personality tests are measuring instruments used primarily for two purposes: to conduct research on the nature of personality and to make evaluations of personality useful in counseling and clinical settings. ASSIGNMENT