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El Salvador PowerPoint Presentation
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El Salvador

El Salvador

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El Salvador

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  1. El Salvador BY: James Manning

  2. Location Middle America, bordering the North Pacific Ocean, between Guatemala and Honduras Terrain: Mostly mountains with narrow coastal belt and central plateau The geographic coordinates are 13 50 N, 88 55 W

  3. Quick Facts Population: 6,353,681 (July 2002 est.) Government type: republic Capital: San Salvador

  4. Quick facts cont. Independence: 15 September 1821 (from Spain) National holiday: Independence Day, 15 September (1821) Languages: Spanish, Nahua

  5. The Mayans • They were highly • cultured people. Facts: • They prayed to the sun • and the moon, also they • prayed to other gods. • The Maya were conquered by • the Spanish in the early 1500's.

  6. Language of the Mayans • The Mayans evolved the only true written system native to the Americas and were masters of mathematics. • The Maya developed a highly complex system of writing, using pictographs and phonetic or syllabic elements. • Their 'books' were screen-folded and bound with wood and deer hide.

  7. Background • El Salvador achieved independence from Spain in 1821 and from the Central American Federation in 1839. • A 12-year civil war, which cost about 75,000 lives, was brought to a close in 1992 when the government and leftist rebels signed a treaty that provided for military and political reforms.

  8. Departments 6 of the 14 departments: • Cabanas • Ahuachapan • Chalatenango • Cuscatlan • La Libertad • La Paz

  9. Departments cont. 8 of the 14 departments: • Morazan • La Union • San Salvador • San Miguel • Santa Ana • San Vicente • Sonsonate • Usulutan

  10. People Age structure: 0-14 years: 37.4% 15-64 years: 57.5% 65 years and over: 5.1% (2002 est.) Population growth rate: 1.83% (2002 est.) Birth rate: 28.3 births/1,000 population (2002 est.)

  11. People cont. Death rate: 6.1 deaths/1,000 population (2002 est.) Net migration rate: -3.88 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2002 est.) 27.58 deaths/1,000 live births (2002 est.) Infant mortality rate:

  12. Sex ratio • at birth: 1.05 male(s)/female • under 15 years: 1.04 male(s)/female • 15-64 years: 0.9 male(s)/female • 65 years and over: 0.82 male(s)/female • total population: 0.95 male(s)/female (2002 est.)

  13. Ethnic Groups • mestizo 90% • Amerindian 1% • white 9%

  14. Religion/Literature Religion Roman Catholic 83% note: there is extensive activity by Protestant groups throughout the country. Literacy Age 10 and over can read and write total population: 71.5% male: 73.5% female: 69.8% (1995 est.)

  15. Transportation Railways: Total: 562 km narrow gauge: 562 km 0.914-m gauge note: length of operational route is reduced to 283 km by disuse and lack of maintenance (2001 est.) Waterways: Rio Lempa partially navigable

  16. Transportation 2 Highways: Total: 10,029 km paved: 1,986 km (including 327 km of expressways) unpaved: 8,043 km (1997) Airports: 83 (2001) Heliports: 1 (2001)

  17. Sources • http://www.cia.gov/cia/publications/factbook/geos/es.html • www.google.com

  18. Conclusion In conclusion I would just like to say that I have learned a lot about El Salvador. I hope that you have learned a lot too.