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El Salvador
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El Salvador

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  1. El Salvador

  2. Political/Physical Geography

  3. Population Density • Total Population: 6,071,774 • Population growth rate: 0.318% • San Salvador population: 1,565,202 • Percent of the population living in urban areas: 61%

  4. Population pyramid

  5. Population Statistics • Crude birth rate: 20 • Crude death rate:7 • Rate Natural Increase: 13 • Dependency Ratio: 64% • Elderly Dependency Ratio: 11% • Youth Dependency Ratio: 52% • Life expectancy at birth:73 • Infant mortality rate: 20 per 1000 births • Sex ratio: 93 • The net migration rate: -9 per 1000

  6. History • The ethnic makeup is mestizo 90%, white 9%, Amerindian 1% • The Spanish conquistadors severely reduced the Amerindian population • Unfair distribution of land. • In 1930 there was a massacre of 30,000 mostly Amerindian Salvadorans after a peasant uprising against landowners called “La Matanza.”

  7. San Salvador

  8. References • 1. Barry, Tom. The Central American Fact Book. Grove Press: New York, 1986. • 2. CIA World Fact Book <https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/es.html>. • 3. Economic Commission for Latin America and the Caribbean (ECLAC). “Economic Survey of Latin America and the Caribbean.” 2011. <http://www.eclac.cl/publicaciones/xml/2/43992/2011_El_Salvador.pdf>. • 4. Geohive Website <http://www.geohive.com/cntry/elsalvador.aspx>. • 5. Global Administrative Areas Website <http://www.gadm.org/El_Salvador>. • 6. Library of Congress Country Studies <http://lcweb2.loc.gov/frd/cs/svtoc.html>. • 7. Population Reference Bureau World Population Data Sheet <http://www.prb.org/pdf11/2011population-data-sheet_eng.pdf>. • 8. US Census Bureau International Database <http://www.census.gov/population/international/data/idb/country.php>. • 9. US Department of State <http://www.state.gov/r/pa/ei/bgn/2033.htm>. • 10. World Bank Data <http://data.worldbank.org/country >.