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Immunizations

Immunizations

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Immunizations

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  1. Immunizations Alexa Yi

  2. How are Viruses Spread? 1.)Viruses can be air born. What does this mean? • If someone who is sick coughs or sneezes near you-it can get you sick with what ever they had if the disease is air born. • You are breathing in the persons infected particles and are susceptible to disease.

  3. How are Viruses Spread? 2.) You can get a virus by touching an infected person or surface. What does this mean? • If a person who has a virus touches your food without proper sanitation, you can get the virus. • Bodily fluids that are passed to you from another person can get you sick with a virus. What bodily fluids can get you sick? Blood, saliva, semen, etc. can all get you seriously sick.

  4. What is a vaccine? • “A preparation of killed microorganism, living attenuated organism, or living fully virulent organisms that are administered to produce or artificially increase immunity to a particular disease.” -Merriam-Webster Dictionary • “A medicine that helps you fight diseases that you would be more susceptible to otherwise.” -Alexa Yi (Me!)

  5. Why get vaccinated? • Vaccinations improve immunity to disease. • Disease tends to drop when a vaccine for that specific disease comes out. • ALL vaccines must be approved by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) BEFORE being used in the United States. A vaccine is only approved if the FDA determines that it is safe and effective.

  6. Who should get vaccinated? • Favorably, everyone. • Children should be vaccinated at certain ages, there is a suggested time line. • College students. • People who travel. • People with a tendency to get a certain illness at a specific time of the year.

  7. When should you get vaccinated? • Before traveling to a foreign country. • Before a seasonal disease strikes. • Childhood vaccines (this gives children necessary antibodies to fight off disease). • Before attending public or college schools. • Preventative vaccines can be given at any time to help prevent disease (like the HPV vaccination).

  8. Common Misconceptions Vaccines cause many harmful side effects, illnesses, and even death- not to mention possible long-term effects we don’t even know about. Most bad things that happen when you take a vaccine are minor and temporary, like a sore arm or mild fever. The institute of medicine in it’s 1944 report stated that the risk of death from vaccines is “extraordinarily low.” .

  9. Common Misconceptions A “Holistic” lifestyle will bolster our immune system and protect us from disease. Research has shown over and over that vaccine is by far the safest and most effective way to avoid infection from diseases. Vocabulary: Holistic: trying to fix something as a whole rather than fixing one specific thing. Bolster: to boost.

  10. Bibliography • Anderson, Flemming. “Viruses and Bacteria.”Netdoctor.ed. Jeni Worden. Nov. 4, 2011. Web. Jan. 26, 2013. http://netdoctor.co.uk/health_advice/facts/virusbacteria.htm • Horton, Mark. “Common Myths About Vaccines Debunked.” California Department of Public Health (CA.gov). Web. Jan. 27,2013. http://www.cdph.ca.gov/pages/COMMONMYTHSABOUTVACCINESDEBUNKED.aspx • “Immunization Schedule.”Kids Health. Ed. Elana P. Ben-Joseph. Sept. 2012. Web. Jan. 27, 2013. <htpp://kidshealth.org/parent/growth/medical/immunization_chart.html#> • “Some Common Misconceptions About Vaccinations and how to Respond to Them.” Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). Feb. 18, 2011. Web. Jan. 28, 2013. <htpp://cdc.gov/vaccines/vac-gen/6misbome.htm>. • “Vaccine.” Merriam-Webster Dictionary. Online ed. Web. Jan. 25, 2013. http://merriam-webster.com/dictionary/vaccine. • “Vaccines are Effective.” vaccines.gov/basics/effectiveness/index.html>