Download
immunizations n.
Skip this Video
Loading SlideShow in 5 Seconds..
IMMUNIZATIONS PowerPoint Presentation
Download Presentation
IMMUNIZATIONS

IMMUNIZATIONS

137 Vues Download Presentation
Télécharger la présentation

IMMUNIZATIONS

- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript

  1. IMMUNIZATIONS HEALTHROOM ASSISTANT TRAINING 2013-2014 Cheri Dotson, SFPS Lead Nurse cdotson@sfps.info

  2. Immunization Protection is for Everyone • Infants & Children • Teens • Adults & Older Adults • 1 shot protects you and others

  3. They prevent common infections They prevent infections from returning They prevent infections a plane ride away Some diseases have no cure Immunizations are Important Because…

  4. Immunizations Prevent Disease • They target diseases that are contagious • But they are not for all diseases

  5. Vaccines are Safe • 1st define “Safe” Harmless versus preserving from danger

  6. Vaccines are Safe – Safety Standards • Who decides what vaccines are needed? • What kind of safety standards are there? • Examples of safety monitoring: • Rotavirus vaccine • Thimerosol • Pneumococcal vaccine • Others

  7. Safety and Side Effects • Vaccine reaction • Vaccine potentiated • Programmatic error • Coincidental • Serious side effects • Benefits outweigh risks

  8. PHOTOGRAPHS OF PEOPLE WITH VACCINE PREVENTABLE DISEASES

  9. Misconceptions The media Lack of knowledge Myths about vaccines Vaccine Myths (& Facts) Examples of the roots of myths…

  10. Vaccine Myth & Fact: Vaccines Weaken the Immune System • Vaccines are weak • Vaccines actually strengthen the immune system

  11. Vaccine Myth & Fact: Vaccines Overload the Immune System • Vaccines are a drop in the ocean

  12. Vaccine Myth & Fact: Natural Infection Is Better • There are significant risks with natural infections such as death, hearing loss, mental retardation, sterility, and arthritis. • Secondary infections also occur.

  13. Vaccine Myth & Fact: Vaccines Cause Autism • Vaccine of concern: MMR • 1998 Wakefield study has been refuted

  14. Vaccine Myth & Fact: Vaccines Cause Diabetes • Vaccine of concern: Haemophilus Influenzae type B (Hib) & others • Evidence does not support this

  15. Vaccine Myth & Fact: Vaccines Cause SIDS & MS • Vaccine of concern: Hepatitis B • SIDS rates have actually decreased • MS rates remain the same

  16. Vaccine Myth & Fact: You Can Get the Flu from the Vaccine • Vaccine of concern: Influenza • Vaccine is a killed virus – can’t cause flu (shots vs. Flu Mist) • Vaccine is not 100% effective, so possible to still catch the flu

  17. Summary of Vaccine Safety Issues • Risk of diseases versus risk of vaccines • Vaccines prevent disease • Vaccines are “Safe” • Understand what is behind a myth or concern

  18. NMLAW REQUIRES THAT ALL STUDENTS MUST BE IMMUNIZED AGAINST CERTAIN COMMUNICABLE DISEASES. • Requirements determined by NM DOH • Shot record on enrollment • Dates: month, day, year • In-process • Exemptions (www.health.state.nm.us, families/kids, immunization schedules- recommendations, exemptions, NM form)

  19. IN PROCESS • A child whose immunizations are not up-to-date but who has received all immunizations permissible at the current date. • Scheduled appointment. • If out of school longer than five consecutive days for noncompliance, call the local DHO.

  20. EXEMPTIONS Medical: Statement or certificate signed by a licensed physician or certified nurse practitioner (length of time depends on MD note). Notarized Certification of Religious Exemption (1 school year)

  21. Immunizations Required • Diphtheria • Pertussis • Tetanus • Polio • Measles • Mumps • Rubella • Hepatitis B • Varicella

  22. Non-Required Immunizations • Hib • Hepatitis A • Pneumococcal • Meningococcal • HPV - Human papillomavirus

  23. READING IMMUNIZATION SCHEDULE • Have CURRENT schedule. • Must know child’s birth date and today’s date. • Four day grace period allowed. • Confer with nurse on questionable immunizations.

  24. DOB 10/22/2007 • DTP 12/22/07 2/24/07 5/15/08 12/22/08 11/1/11 • Polio 12/22/07 2/24/08 11/1/11 • HIB 12/22/07 2/24/08 11/1/11 • MMR 5/6/09 11/1/11 • HepB 10/23/07 12/22/07 2/24/08 • Varicella 5/6/09 11/1/11

  25. DOB 5/4/2008 • DTP 7/22/08 12/11/08 2/25/09 • Polio 7/22/08 12/11/08 2/25/09 • HIB 7/22/08 12/11/08 2/25/09 • MMR 11/9/09 • HepB 5/5/08 7/22/08 2/25/09 • Varicella 11/9/09

  26. DOB 6/13/02 • DTP 12/5/02 3/15/03 2/12/43 • Polio 12/5/02 3/15/03 2/12/04 • HIB • MMR 3/15/03 • HepB • Varicella Hx of disease

  27. DOB 8/9/2007 • DPT 10/3/07 12/3/07 2/10/08 11/10/08 7/26/12 • Polio 10/3/07 11/10/08 7/26/12 • HIB 10/3/07 12/3/07 02/10/08 11/10/08 • MMR 11/10/08 7/26/12 • HepB 8/9/07 10/3/07 2/10/08 • Varicella 11/10/08 7/26/12

  28. DOB 10/10/2007 • DTP 12/7/2007 2/1/2008 4/12/2008 • Polio 12/7/2007 2/1/2008 4/12/2008 10/12/2008 • HIB 12/7/2007 2/1/2008 • MMR 10/12/2008 • HepB 10/11/2007 12/7/2007 2/10/2008 • Varicella 10/12/2008

  29. DOB 7/27/2001 • DTP 10/12/01 12/2/01 2/1/02 7/28/05 • Polio 10/12/901 12/2/01 2/1/02 7/28/05 • HIB 10/12/01 12/2/01 2/1/02 7/28/05 • MMR 7/28/05 • HepB 7/27/01 2/1/02 10/12/02 • Varicella 7/28/05

  30. DOB 5/18/99 • DTP 2/7/00 4/22/00 8/6/00 10/18/00 11/29/03 • Polio 2/7/00 4/22/00 8/6/00 11/29/03 • MMR 8/6/00 11/29/03 • HepB 2/7/00 4/22/00 8/6/00 • HepA 2/11/06 3/9/07 • Varicella 5/31/03

  31. DOB 03/09/2004 • DPT 08/10/05 08/25/06 10/03/07 08/16/08 • Polio 08/10/05 08/25/06 10/03/07 • Hib 08/10/05 • MMR 03/12/05 08/16/08 • HepB 03/11/04 08/25/06 10/03/07 • Varicella 03/12/05

  32. Questions?? Adverse Events Reporting System (VAERS)- 1-888-275-4772 –phone number & website listed on all Vaccine Information Sheets [VIS] For accurate immunization information, current VISs, etc. visit: CDC.gov/immunizations For great information sheets, videos, etc.: vaccine.chop.edu (Children’s Hospital of Philadelphia