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Immunizations

Immunizations

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Immunizations

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  1. Immunizations Jason Treat, Charlotte Nicholson, Erik Morken, Peter Ghobrial, Aubrey Askins, John-Paul Hayworth

  2. Immunizations -- combination • OPV and IPV • vaccines can be interchanged

  3. Dangers • VAPP -- Vaccine Associated Paralytic Poliomyelitis -- OPV only • Age risk • Post-Polio Syndrome

  4. Poliomyelitis • Eradicated in US • Last wild case 1979 • September 1994 -- Western Hemisphere • Global eradication by 2000 -- WHO/UNICEF

  5. Measles, Mumps, Rubella (MMR) • What is it? • A dead form of a live virus strain • Where can it be found? • Most doctor offices • Free Clinics in local communities • What else should I know? • Most children should have 2 vaccinations • 12 - 15 months and 4 - 6 years of age

  6. Side Effects • Almost all people have no side effects • 1 - 2 weeks: • Breakout of rash, fever, swelling of glands or possibly a seizure • 1 - 3 weeks: • Pain, stiffness, or swelling of the joints that last up to three days • Severe Problems: • Low number of platelets • Long seizures, decreased consciousness, coma

  7. Government Involvement • Children Immunization Initiative Act • Began in 1993 • Goal: By 1996, to have less than 1600 cases reported • Goal extended to 2000: to have less than 500 • World Health Organization • Global Programme for Vaccinations and Immunizations • UNICEF • Other health agencies… • Pan American Health Organization

  8. What Immunization Records say about Parenting • Responsible parenting is often reflected in immunization records. MMR vaccinations given on time are rarely, if ever associated with abusive households. • The standards for immunization records vary greatly from state to state and city to city. • The city comptroller of New York recently reported that 30% of students in high-risk districts have not received their vaccinations on time.