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Internal Environmental Issues

Internal Environmental Issues

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Internal Environmental Issues

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  1. Internal Environmental Issues FdA in Airport and Air Transport Management

  2. Objectives • To investigate the internal environmental issues. • To discuss the issues and possible solutions • How these issues are going to affect the environment in the future.

  3. Environmental effects of airports • “Airports are perceived to have negative environmental effects in terms of air pollution, noise pollution, waste production and hydrological damage. Pitt and Brown (2001) cited on http://0-www.emeraldinsight.com.brum.beds.ac.uk/Insight/ViewContentServlet?Filen... (Accessed 19/08/08)

  4. Waste • Increases 3% per annum • Three lanes in Europe- UK being in the slow lane. • The Netherlands, Austria, Sweden and Germany are in the fast lane. • Government strategy is now aimed at moving environmental management statements and recovery initiatives up the hierarchy.

  5. Airports • “An airport is essentially small city and therefore has a significant impact on the volume of waste produced for the region in which it is situated”http://0-www.emeraldinsight.com.brum.beds.ac.uk/Insight/ViewContentServlet?Filen... (Accessed 19/08/08)

  6. Airports • The solid waste generated in an airport comes from three main sources • Office waste • Tenant concessionaires • Aircraft waste McGuiness (2001) cited in http://0-www.emeraldinsight.com.brum.beds.ac.uk/Insight/ViewContentServlet?Filen... (Accessed 19/08/08)

  7. Waste Water • Airports produce a large volume of water waste. • Waste water in airport areas comes from a variety of sources: • Domestic sewage • Industrial sewage • Combines water containing a mix of waste water and precipitation. • Rainwater from roads and parking areas. • Unpolluted water from runways, taxiways and aprons. • Rainwater containing light liquids that runs off aprons • Water containing de-icing fluid from the de-icing of paved areas and aircraft.Hofstetter (1996) cited in http://0-www.emeraldinsight.com.brum.beds.ac.uk/Insight/ViewContentServlet?Filen... (Accessed 19/08/08)

  8. Groundwater • Groundwater may become contaminated by airport operations. • Petroleum • Jet fuels • Diesel fuel • Chlorinated solvents • De-icing/anti-icing compounds http://0-www.emeraldinsight.com.brum.beds.ac.uk/Insight/ViewContentServlet?Filen... (Accessed 19/08/08)

  9. Reducing water usage • LHR- Use a rainwater harvesting system which reuses 85% of all the rainwater that falls on the Terminal 5 site.http://www.heathrowairport.com/portal/page/Heathrow%5EGeneral%5EOur+business+and+community%5EHeathrow+and+climate+change%5ECutting+emissions+from+airport+buildings/9e81875427b54110VgnVCM20000039821c0a____/448c6a4c7f1b0010VgnVCM200000357e120a____/ (Accessed 23/10/08).

  10. Using on-site combined, cooling heat and power (CCHP) • Conventional power plants only convert about 35% of the energy in the fuel that they burn into electricity.  • CCHP plants typically convert over 80% of the energy in the fuel that they burn into electricity, heat or cooling. http://www.heathrowairport.com/portal/page/Heathrow%5EGeneral%5EOur+business+and+community%5EHeathrow+and+climate+change%5ECutting+emissions+from+airport+buildings/9e81875427b54110VgnVCM20000039821c0a____/448c6a4c7f1b0010VgnVCM200000357e120a____/ (Accessed 23/10/08).

  11. Optimising the performance buildings and processes • Optimising the performance of existing buildings and processes

  12. Intelligent building management systems • Intelligent building management systems. • Do you know what these systems do?

  13. Investing in renewables • Heathrow East- • will be one of the first major developments to use renewable biomass gasification. 

  14. Recycling waste and turning waste into energy • BAA has a target of recycling or composting 40% of its waste by 2010 and 70% of its waste by 2020. We are also investigating the possibility of turning our non-recyclable waste into energy. http://www.heathrowairport.com/portal/page/Heathrow%5EGeneral%5EOur+business+and+community%5EHeathrow+and+climate+change%5ECutting+emissions+from+airport+buildings/9e81875427b54110VgnVCM20000039821c0a____/448c6a4c7f1b0010VgnVCM200000357e120a____/ (Accessed 23/10/08).

  15. Trialling innovative zero-carbon electricity • Heathrow will be one of the first sites in Britain to trial generating zero-carbon energy from waste heat.http://www.heathrowairport.com/portal/page/Heathrow%5EGeneral%5EOur+business+and+community%5EHeathrow+and+climate+change%5ECutting+emissions+from+airport+buildings/9e81875427b54110VgnVCM20000039821c0a____/448c6a4c7f1b0010VgnVCM200000357e120a____/ (Accessed 23/10/08).

  16. LHR • Energy • Noise • Air quality • Waste • Water http://www.heathrowairport.com/portal/page/CRMicrositeLHR08/Heathrow%5ECRMicrositeLHR08%5EOur+performance%5ELocal+environment/e15b859169318110VgnVCM10000036821c0a____/448c6a4c7f1b0010VgnVCM200000357e120a____/ (Accessed on 24/10/08)

  17. Reference and Suggested Reading • Anon. (2008) Cutting emissions from airport buildings, (On-line), UK. Available from: http://www.heathrowairport.com/portal/page/Heathrow%5EGeneral%5EOur+business+and+community%5EHeathrow+and+climate+change%5ECutting+emissions+from+airport+buildings/9e81875427b54110VgnVCM20000039821c0a____/448c6a4c7f1b0010VgnVCM200000357e120a____/ (Accessed 23/10/08). • Anon. (2008) Local environment, (On-line), UK. Available from: http://www.heathrowairport.com/portal/page/CRMicrositeLHR08/Heathrow%5ECRMicrositeLHR08%5EOur+performance%5ELocal+environment/e15b859169318110VgnVCM10000036821c0a____/448c6a4c7f1b0010VgnVCM200000357e120a____/ (Accessed on 24/10/08) • Pitt.M, Brown. A and Smith. A (2002) Waste management at airports (On-line), UK. Avaiable from: http://0-www.emeraldinsight.com.brum.beds.ac.uk/Insight/ViewContentServlet?Filen... (Accessed on 19/08/08)