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WATER &WASTE WATER PROJECT PLANNING & TESTING PowerPoint Presentation
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WATER &WASTE WATER PROJECT PLANNING & TESTING

WATER &WASTE WATER PROJECT PLANNING & TESTING

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WATER &WASTE WATER PROJECT PLANNING & TESTING

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  1. WATER &WASTE WATER PROJECT PLANNING & TESTING EWB Meeting December 5, 2007 By Mike Smith, Burns & Mac

  2. Mike Smith, P.E. • Associate Chemical Engineer; Burns and McDonnell Engineers • B.S. Ch.E. from UMR, 1982 • MBA from SIUE, 1994 • Class A and DS III Drinking Water Operator Licensed by the Missouri DNR • Experience in water and waste water systems in power, microelectronics, refining, chemical plant, and chemical treatment sales and consulting.

  3. Project Considerations • Political Environment • Legal Environment • Regulatory Requirements • System Design • Number of people to be served • Existing conditions • Design Criteria • Funding

  4. Political Considerations • Is the area in a war zone? • Terrorist threats? • Hostile toward outsiders? • Does the country require a form of bribery? (Legal and required in some areas) • Build a relationship with the national and/or local governments

  5. Legal Considerations • Can you be easily sued (like in the U.S.)? • What are the national and local laws regarding engineering, construction, funding, etc.? • What laws exist regarding entry and exit to and from the project locale?

  6. Regulatory Requirements • What regulations exist regarding the construction, startup, and operation of potable and/or waste water plants? • How are they enforced? • What permits are required? • What testing is required? • What sampling points are required? • What sampling frequency is required?

  7. U.S. Regulatory Requirements • Environmental Protection Agency • Potable Water Regulations • Waste Water Regulations • Air Emission Regulations • Green house gases • Mercury reduction • Vehicle emission reduction • Hazardous Waste Regulations • Solid Waste Management Law • Landfill Regulations

  8. U.S. Regulatory Requirements • Department of Natural Resources • State body which enforces EPA regulations • http://www.epa.gov/ • http://www.dnr.mo.gov/ • Missouri Potable Water/ Waste Water • Federal Clean Water Act • Safe Drinking Water • Missouri Clean Water Law • Public Drinking Water

  9. 10 CSR 60 • Construction Permits • Operating Permits • Contaminant Levels • Monitoring • 12 Chapters • Surface Water Rules (Disinfection By-Products Rule; Giardia, Cryptosporidium; LT2ESWTR) • Ground Water Rules • Ground Water Under the Influence of Surface Water

  10. Waste Water; 10 CSR 20 • N.P.D.E.S. • BOD5 • NFR (lagoon) • T.S.S. • pH • Fecal Coliform • Sludge

  11. Well Drilling; 10 CSR 23 • Pilot Hole drilled into desired aquifer • Driller takes water samples at various locations and sends to DNR certified lab. Sampler is DNR certified. • Driller takes rock samples and sends to DNR Geology in Rolla. Sampler is DNR certified. • Treatment requirements determined by DNR results • Well drilled • Well cased • Well head grouted • Well disinfected • Well pump control

  12. Sampling (Surface Water Example) • Online and daily chlorine • Online and daily turbidity- 4 hour reporting • Quarterly • 5 X per month BAC T (E-coli) • Different locations

  13. Sampling (Ground Water Example) • Radionucleides • Anions (Chlorides, sulfates, nitrates, etc.) • Cations (Metals: Iron, copper, lead, sodium, potassium, calcium, magnesium, etc.) • Organics • Microbiological

  14. Testing • Hands-On Demonstration • pH: -LOG10 [H+] • Conductivity • Resistance is OHMS; MEGOHMS • Conductivity is MHOS-MICROMHOS

  15. Conclusion • Use Sound Judgment when regulations are lacking • Provide people with a safe drinking water supply • Ensure clean water effluent from waste treatment plants • Learn from other chapters’ experience • Obtain FUNDING, $$$ ???