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FMF Enlisted PQS Guide Section 103 Marine Corps Mission and Organization Fundamentals PowerPoint Presentation
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FMF Enlisted PQS Guide Section 103 Marine Corps Mission and Organization Fundamentals

FMF Enlisted PQS Guide Section 103 Marine Corps Mission and Organization Fundamentals

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FMF Enlisted PQS Guide Section 103 Marine Corps Mission and Organization Fundamentals

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  1. FMF Enlisted PQS Guide Section 103 Marine Corps Mission and Organization Fundamentals

  2. This PowerPoint presentation is a brief synopsis of Section 103 of the Enlisted FMF PQS study manual. It is designed to either be presented as a class to a battalion aid station while the students read along in their books or to be used by a single person studying for their test or board, with the book nearby to bounce between the book and the slideshow. It is not meant to replace the actual material in your book and it certainly does not cover all of the material inside of the references listed in the book. It is a pretty badass presentation, however it’s better if you click on the hyperlinks. Most of them will be shown in blue text and many of the photographs (scroll over and see if your mouse turns into a hand). The links are provided to help you study in the most efficient way possible, but it will also never be an acceptable substitute for the weeks of study time recommended prior to taking the exam or oral boards. Good luck!

  3. Section 103: Mission & Organization Fundamentals 103.1: 7 Elements of the Marine Corps Mission Provide What it says: Provide Fleet Marine Forces with combined arms and supporting air components for service with the fleet in the seizure or defense of advanced naval bases and for the conduct of such land operations as may be essential to the execution of a naval campaign. What it means: The main purpose of the Marine Corps is to provide the means with which to fight a war. To provide combined arms (air, ground, and sea elements) to take and defend advanced naval and air bases from the enemy. (Example: the seizure of Guadalcanal and Mariana Islands from the Japanese in WWII) Amphibious assault. Note the combined arms: air support and ground troops both launched from ships at sea

  4. Section 103: Mission & Organization Fundamentals 103.1: 7 Elements of the Marine Corps Mission Provide What it says: Provide Marine forces for airborne operations in coordination with the Army, Navy, and Air Force, according to doctrine set by the Joint Chiefs of Staff What it means: In addition to amphibious and land based assault, the Marines will maintain a solid air assault program and use those Marines alongside Army, Navy, and Air Force troops

  5. Section 103: Mission & Organization Fundamentals 103.1: 7 Elements of the Marine Corps Mission Provide What it says: Provide detachments and organizations for service of armed vessels of the Navy and security detachments for the protection of Naval property at naval stations and bases What it means: Although the Navy guards many of its own bases, Marines are often tasked with providing security or security detachments at US embassies, naval property, naval stations, and naval bases (Example: Marine security is often used to guard Navy bases that contain advanced or nuclear weapons, such as Naval Weapons Station Fallbrook. Marines also provide security at US embassies or US Navy property on foreign soil, see pictures on right) Guard at US Navy property in Singapore Marine guarding US embassy in Port-au-Prince, Haiti

  6. Section 103: Mission & Organization Fundamentals 103.1: 7 Elements of the Marine Corps Mission Develop What it says: Develop in coordination with the Army, Navy, and Air Force, the doctrine, tactics, techniques, and equipment employed by landing forces in amphibious operations Develop in coordination with the Army, Navy, and Air Force, the doctrine, procedures, and equipment for airborne operations What it means: The Marine Corps spends hundreds of millions of dollars annually on research and development, working to write better doctrine, develop better tactics and to design the best possible gear with which to use those tactics. (Example: The Marine Corps base in Quantico, VA was established in 1933 in large part to house the Marine Corps Equipment Board, their research and development unit ) Live fire weapon testing Prototype weapon currently under development

  7. Section 103: Mission & Organization Fundamentals 103.1: 7 Elements of the Marine Corps Mission Expand What it says: Expand peacetime components to meet wartime needs according to the joint mobilization plans What it means: The Marine Corps has a very large mission, especially when considering that it is by far the smallest branch of the military. A robust recruiting and recruit training program must be maintained to make sure that when a new Marine joins the force, he or she is fully able to jump right in and handle their share of the workload.

  8. Section 103: Mission & Organization Fundamentals 103.1: 7 Elements of the Marine Corps Mission Perform What it says: Perform such other duties as the President may direct What it means: The Marine Corps are referred to as “the President’s 9-1-1 team. Because of their unique structure and organization, they can be deployed quickly to any part of the world, making them the ideal force for immediate action. Because of this situation, when a MEU deploys, it brings along enough supplies so that it is capable of performing almost anything that the President asks of them worldwide on a moment’s notice. (Example: 11th MEU rebuilds Iraqi village after it is destroyed by freak rainstorm in 2007)

  9. Section 103: Mission & Organization Fundamentals 103.1: 7 Elements of the Marine Corps Mission Perform What it says: Perform such other duties as the President may direct What it means: The Marine Corps are referred to as “the President’s 9-1-1 team.” Because of their unique structure and organization, they can be deployed quickly to any part of the world, making them the ideal force for immediate action. Because of this situation, when a MEU deploys, it brings along enough supplies so that it is capable of performing almost anything that the President asks of them worldwide on a moment’s notice. (Example: 11th MEU rebuilds Iraqi village after it is destroyed by freak rainstorm in 2007) Corpsman providing medical aid to Iraqi civilian Building school in southern Iraq

  10. Quick review What element starts with the word “expand” ?

  11. Quick review What element starts with the word “expand” ? “Expand peace time components to meet wartime needs according to the joint mobilization plans.”

  12. Quick review What element starts with the word “expand” ? “Expand peace time components to meet wartime needs according to the joint mobilization plans.” What is a simplified explanation of that element?

  13. Quick review What element starts with the word “expand” ? “Expand peace time components to meet wartime needs according to the joint mobilization plans.” What is a simplified explanation of that element? To have a good recruiting and recruit training program so that the Marine Corps can accomplish its missions.

  14. Quick review What element starts with the word “expand” ? “Expand peace time components to meet wartime needs according to the joint mobilization plans.” What is a simplified explanation of that element? To have a good recruiting and recruit training program so that the Marine Corps can accomplish its missions. Finish this sentence: “The first element is to provide Fleet Marine Forces with combined arms and supporting…”

  15. Quick review What element starts with the word “expand” ? “Expand peace time components to meet wartime needs according to the joint mobilization plans.” What is a simplified explanation of that element? To have a good recruiting and recruit training program so that the Marine Corps can accomplish its missions. Finish this sentence: “The first element is to provide Fleet Marine Forces with combined arms and supporting…” “To Provide Fleet Marine Forces with combined arms and supporting air components for service with the United States Fleet in the seizure or defense of advanced naval bases and for the conduct of such land operations as may be essential to the execution of a naval campaign.”

  16. Quick review What element starts with the word “expand” ? “Expand peace time components to meet wartime needs according to the joint mobilization plans.” What is a simplified explanation of that element? To have a good recruiting and recruit training program so that the Marine Corps can accomplish its missions. Finish this sentence: “The first element is to provide Fleet Marine Forces with combined arms and supporting…” “To Provide Fleet Marine Forces with combined arms and supporting air components for service with the United States Fleet in the seizure or defense of advanced naval bases and for the conduct of such land operations as may be essential to the execution of a naval campaign.” Name one example of a land operation listed in the FMF manual that demonstrates using Marines to seize land for naval and air bases.

  17. Quick review What element starts with the word “expand” ? “Expand peace time components to meet wartime needs according to the joint mobilization plans.” What is a simplified explanation of that element? To have a good recruiting and recruit training program so that the Marine Corps can accomplish its missions. Finish this sentence: “The first element is to provide Fleet Marine Forces with combined arms and supporting…” “To Provide Fleet Marine Forces with combined arms and supporting air components for service with the United States Fleet in the seizure or defense of advanced naval bases and for the conduct of such land operations as may be essential to the execution of a naval campaign.” Name one example of a land operation listed in the FMF manual that demonstrates using Marines to seize land for naval and air bases. Battle of Guadalcanal Battle of Mariana Islands Battle of Iwo Jima

  18. Quick review Finish this sentence: “Provide detachments and organizations for service…”

  19. Quick review Finish this sentence: “Provide detachments and organizations for service…” “Provide detachments and organizations for service of armed vessels of the Navy and security detachments for the protection of naval property at naval stations and bases.”

  20. Quick review Finish this sentence: “Provide detachments and organizations for service…” “Provide detachments and organizations for service of armed vessels of the Navy and security detachments for the protection of naval property at naval stations and bases.” What are some situations in which Marines may be used for security?

  21. Quick review Finish this sentence: “Provide detachments and organizations for service…” “Provide detachments and organizations for service of armed vessels of the Navy and security detachments for the protection of naval property at naval stations and bases.” What are some situations in which Marines may be used for security?Navy ships, especially those with advanced or nuclear weapons Naval bases & stations, especially those with advanced or nuclear weapons Embassies Naval property overseas

  22. Quick review Finish this sentence: “Provide detachments and organizations for service…” “Provide detachments and organizations for service of armed vessels of the Navy and security detachments for the protection of naval property at naval stations and bases.” What are some situations in which Marines may be used for security?Navy ships, especially those with advanced or nuclear weapons Naval bases & stations, especially those with advanced or nuclear weapons Embassies Naval property overseas Finish this sentence: “Develop in coordination with the Army, Navy, and Air Force, the doctrine…” (2 answers to this question, please give both)

  23. Quick review Finish this sentence: “Provide detachments and organizations for service…” “Provide detachments and organizations for service of armed vessels of the Navy and security detachments for the protection of naval property at naval stations and bases.” What are some situations in which Marines may be used for security?Navy ships, especially those with advanced or nuclear weapons Naval bases & stations, especially those with advanced or nuclear weapons Embassies Naval property overseas Finish this sentence: “Develop in coordination with the Army, Navy, and Air Force, the doctrine…” (2 answers to this question, please give both) “Develop in coordination with the Army, Navy, and Air Force , the doctrine, tactics, techniques, and equipment employed by landing forces in amphibious operations.” “Develop in coordination with the Army, Navy, and Air Force the doctrine, procedures, and equipment for airborne operations.”

  24. Section 103: Mission & Organization Fundamentals 103.2: Two parallel chains of command Service Chain of Command The service chain of command includes the SECNAV and the Commandant of the Marine Corps. Because of the two extra administrative links in the chain, it sometimes referred to as the “In Garrison” chain of command. This chain of command gives leadership and guidance on matters such as uniform regulations, required training proficiencies, and long term plans and goals. Commandant of the Marine Corps President Secretary of Defense Secretary of the Navy Operational Chain of Command The operational chain of command runs from the President, through the Secretary of Defense, and then directly through to the commanders of combatant commands for missions and forces assigned to them. Eliminating two links of the chain speeds up the communications process and gives the President and Secretary of Defense better control and understanding of events on the ground. Combatant commanders and leaders in the field President Secretary of Defense

  25. Quick review What is the main purpose of eliminating the Secretary of the Navy and the Commandant of the Marine Corps from the Operational Chain of Command?

  26. Quick review • What is the main purpose of eliminating the Secretary of the Navy and the • Commandant of the Marine Corps from the Operational Chain of Command? • Removing two links from the chain speeds up the communication • process and gives the President and the Secretary of Defense better • control and understanding of what’s going on on the ground.

  27. Quick review • What is the main purpose of eliminating the Secretary of the Navy and the • Commandant of the Marine Corps from the Operational Chain of Command? • Removing two links from the chain speeds up the communication • process and gives the President and the Secretary of Defense better • control and understanding of what’s going on on the ground. • Which chain of command would be more likely to set forth guidance on • basic annual training requirements for the fleet?

  28. Quick review • What is the main purpose of eliminating the Secretary of the Navy and the • Commandant of the Marine Corps from the Operational Chain of Command? • Removing two links from the chain speeds up the communication • process and gives the President and the Secretary of Defense better • control and understanding of what’s going on on the ground. • Which chain of command would be more likely to set forth guidance on • basic annual training requirements for the fleet? • Service

  29. Quick review • What is the main purpose of eliminating the Secretary of the Navy and the • Commandant of the Marine Corps from the Operational Chain of Command? • Removing two links from the chain speeds up the communication • process and gives the President and the Secretary of Defense better • control and understanding of what’s going on on the ground. • Which chain of command would be more likely to set forth guidance on • basic annual training requirements for the fleet? • Service • What are all of the links in the Service Chain of Command? • President > SECDEF> SECNAV> Commandant of the Marine Corps

  30. Quick review • What is the main purpose of eliminating the Secretary of the Navy and the • Commandant of the Marine Corps from the Operational Chain of Command? • Removing two links from the chain speeds up the communication • process and gives the President and the Secretary of Defense better • control and understanding of what’s going on on the ground. • Which chain of command would be more likely to set forth guidance on • basic annual training requirements for the fleet? • Service • What are all of the links in the Service Chain of Command? • President > SECDEF> SECNAV> Commandant of the Marine Corps • What are all of the links in the Operational Chain of Command?

  31. Quick review • What is the main purpose of eliminating the Secretary of the Navy and the • Commandant of the Marine Corps from the Operational Chain of Command? • Removing two links from the chain speeds up the communication • process and gives the President and the Secretary of Defense better • control and understanding of what’s going on on the ground. • Which chain of command would be more likely to set forth guidance on • basic annual training requirements for the fleet? • Service • What are all of the links in the Service Chain of Command? • President > SECDEF> SECNAV> Commandant of the Marine Corps • What are all of the links in the Operational Chain of Command? • President > SECDEF > Operational Commanders

  32. Quick review • What is the main purpose of eliminating the Secretary of the Navy and the • Commandant of the Marine Corps from the Operational Chain of Command? • Removing two links from the chain speeds up the communication • process and gives the President and the Secretary of Defense better • control and understanding of what’s going on on the ground. • Which chain of command would be more likely to set forth guidance on • basic annual training requirements for the fleet? • Service • What are all of the links in the Service Chain of Command? • President > SECDEF> SECNAV> Commandant of the Marine Corps • What are all of the links in the Operational Chain of Command? • President > SECDEF > Operational Commanders • In April of 2009 a team of Navy SEAL snipers took out three Somali pirates • who were holding a US civilian hostage. The order to fire came from the • President through which chain of command?

  33. Quick review • What is the main purpose of eliminating the Secretary of the Navy and the • Commandant of the Marine Corps from the Operational Chain of Command? • Removing two links from the chain speeds up the communication • process and gives the President and the Secretary of Defense better • control and understanding of what’s going on on the ground. • Which chain of command would be more likely to set forth guidance on • basic annual training requirements for the fleet? • Service • What are all of the links in the Service Chain of Command? • President > SECDEF> SECNAV> Commandant of the Marine Corps • What are all of the links in the Operational Chain of Command? • President > SECDEF > Operational Commanders • In April of 2009 a team of Navy SEAL snipers took out three Somali pirates • who were holding a US civilian hostage. The order to fire came from the • President through which chain of command? • Operational

  34. Section 103: Mission & Organization Fundamentals 103.3: Marine Corps Operating Forces Marine Forces Marine Corps forces (MARFOR) are organized as Marine Air-Ground Task Forces (MAGTFs) and are either employed as part of naval expeditionary forces or separately as part of larger joint or combined forces. The commanders of MARFOR Atlantic and MARFOR Pacific serve as Marine Corps component commanders to their respective combatant commanders and may also serve as commanding generals of Fleet Marine Forces (FMF) Atlantic, Pacific, and Europe. As commanding generals with the status of a Naval Type Commander, they provide forces for service with Commander US Atlantic Fleet, Commander US Pacific Fleet, and Commander US Naval Forces Europe. Landing Craft Air Cushioned AH-1W, Cobra helicopter

  35. Section 103: Mission & Organization Fundamentals 103.3: Marine Corps Operating Forces Marine Corps Security Forces Marine Corps Security Forces (MCSF) provide security at Navy installations. The MCSF include approximately 3,400 Marines who protect key Navy installations and facilities worldwide. Although not assigned to combatant commands, they are considered part of the operating forces of the Marine Corps. These security forces include Marine barracks and Marine Security Force companies in the US and abroad, as well as Marine detachments afloat. Marine Barracks, Washington D.C.

  36. Section 103: Mission & Organization Fundamentals 103.3: Marine Corps Operating Forces Marine Security Guard Detachments Marine Security Guard Detachments serve at embassies and consulates around the world. The Marine Security Guard Battalion provides forces to the Department of State for embassy security. Currently, there are 121 posts in 115 countries around the world. Guard at US Embassy in Damascus, Syria Marine Security Guard in Mogadishu, Somalia

  37. Quick review What are the three Marine Corps operating forces?

  38. Quick review • What are the three Marine Corps operating forces? • Marine Corps Forces (MARFOR) • Marine Corps Security Forces (MCSF) • Marine Security Guard Detachments (MSG)

  39. Quick review • What are the three Marine Corps operating forces? • Marine Corps Forces (MARFOR) • Marine Corps Security Forces (MCSF) • Marine Security Guard Detachments (MSG) • What is a simple way to describe the difference between Marine Corps • Security Forces and Marine Security Guard Detachments?

  40. Quick review • What are the three Marine Corps operating forces? • Marine Corps Forces (MARFOR) • Marine Corps Security Forces (MCSF) • Marine Security Guard Detachments (MSG) • What is a simple way to describe the difference between Marine Corps • Security Forces and Marine Security Guard Detachments? • Marine Corps Security Forces provide security at Department of • Defense property and installations such as ships and Navy bases. • Marine Security Guard Detachments provide security at Department of • State property and installations, such as foreign embassies.

  41. Quick review • What are the three Marine Corps operating forces? • Marine Corps Forces (MARFOR) • Marine Corps Security Forces (MCSF) • Marine Security Guard Detachments (MSG) • What is a simple way to describe the difference between Marine Corps • Security Forces and Marine Security Guard Detachments? • Marine Corps Security Forces provide security at Department of • Defense property and installations such as ships and Navy bases. • Marine Security Guard Detachments provide security at Department of • State property and installations, such as foreign embassies. • How many Marines make up the Marine Corps Security Forces?

  42. Quick review • What are the three Marine Corps operating forces? • Marine Corps Forces (MARFOR) • Marine Corps Security Forces (MCSF) • Marine Security Guard Detachments (MSG) • What is a simple way to describe the difference between Marine Corps • Security Forces and Marine Security Guard Detachments? • Marine Corps Security Forces provide security at Department of • Defense property and installations such as ships and Navy bases. • Marine Security Guard Detachments provide security at Department of • State property and installations, such as foreign embassies. • How many Marines make up the Marine Corps Security Forces? • 3,400

  43. Quick review • What are the three Marine Corps operating forces? • Marine Corps Forces (MARFOR) • Marine Corps Security Forces (MCSF) • Marine Security Guard Detachments (MSG) • What is a simple way to describe the difference between Marine Corps • Security Forces and Marine Security Guard Detachments? • Marine Corps Security Forces provide security at Department of • Defense property and installations such as ships and Navy bases. • Marine Security Guard Detachments provide security at Department of • State property and installations, such as foreign embassies. • How many Marines make up the Marine Corps Security Forces? • 3,400 • How many posts in how many countries are currently guarded by Marine • Security Guard Detachments?

  44. Quick review • What are the three Marine Corps operating forces? • Marine Corps Forces (MARFOR) • Marine Corps Security Forces (MCSF) • Marine Security Guard Detachments (MSG) • What is a simple way to describe the difference between Marine Corps • Security Forces and Marine Security Guard Detachments? • Marine Corps Security Forces provide security at Department of • Defense property and installations such as ships and Navy bases. • Marine Security Guard Detachments provide security at Department of • State property and installations, such as foreign embassies. • How many Marines make up the Marine Corps Security Forces? • 3,400 • How many posts in how many countries are currently guarded by Marine • Security Guard Detachments? • 121 posts in 115 countries

  45. Section 103: Mission & Organization Fundamentals 103.4: Headquarters Marine Corps (HQMC) Headquarters, US Marine Corps consists of the Commandant and those staff agencies that advise and assist him in discharging those responsibilities prescribed by law and higher authority. The internal organization of HQMC is described in the Headquarters Marine Corps Organization Manual The Commandant of the Marine Corps is directly responsible to the Secretary of the Navy for the administration, discipline, internal organization, training, efficiency, and readiness of the Marine Corps, the operation of the Marine Corps materiel support system (supply), and the total performance of the Marine Corps

  46. Quick review What manual lists the internal organization of Headquarters, US Marine Corps?

  47. Quick review • What manual lists the internal organization of Headquarters, US Marine Corps? • Headquarters Marine Corps Organization Manual

  48. Quick review • What manual lists the internal organization of Headquarters, US Marine Corps? • Headquarters Marine Corps Organization Manual • Where is Headquarters, Marine Corps located?

  49. Quick review • What manual lists the internal organization of Headquarters, US Marine Corps? • Headquarters Marine Corps Organization Manual • Where is Headquarters, Marine Corps located? • Quantico, Virginia

  50. Quick review • What manual lists the internal organization of Headquarters, US Marine Corps? • Headquarters Marine Corps Organization Manual • Where is Headquarters, Marine Corps located? • Quantico, Virginia • Who makes up the personnel at Headquarters, Marine Corps?