Period 1 Module 4 Great Scientists Introduction Reading & Vocabulary
Introduction-1 Brainstorm(5ms)What great scientists do you know? Name: ____________________ Nationality: _______________ Major: ___________________ Inventions /discovers: __________________________ When did they invent/discover: __________________________ QianXuesen Name: ____________________ Nationality: _______________ Major: ___________________ Inventions /discovers: __________________________ When did they invent/discover: __________________________ Marie Curie Name: ____________________ Nationality: _______________ Major: ___________________ Inventions /discovers: __________________________ When did they invent/discover: __________________________ Name: ____________________ Nationality: _______________ Major: ___________________ Inventions /discovers: __________________________ When did they invent/discover: __________________________ Archimedes Albert Einstein Name: ____________________ Nationality: _______________ Major: ___________________ Inventions /discovers: __________________________ When did they invent/discover: __________________________ Yuan Longping Chinese Polish Sicilian German / American Chinese Physics Physics Physics, Mathematician Agriculture MathematicalPhysics Chinese atom bomb Radioactivity buoyancy 浮力 relativity hybridrice In 1964 In 1898 About 240 BC In 1905 In 1970
Introduction-2. Vocabulary (4ms) Find out the words with their definitions. 1. the study of animals 2. the study of plants 3. the study of all living things 4. the study of physical objects and natural forces 5. the study of chemical processes in living things 6. the study of the structure of substance and how they react with each other 7. the study of inherited characteristics in living things zoology botany biology physics biochemistry chemistry genetics
Introduction-2. Vocabulary (4ms) How do we call the persons who study these subjects? biology chemistry biochemistry botany zoology genetics physics mathematics • biologist • chemist • biochemist • botanist • zoologist • geneticist • physicist • mathematician
Reading & Vocabulary-1. Pre-reading (4ms) Lookat the title and guess what it is about. The Student Who Asked Questions 1. Will the passage be about something or about someone? 2. Do you think that the writer wrote about how the student studied in school? Did the writer write about what he did when he grew up? Why?
Reading & Vocabulary -2. Skimming(7ms) Read the passage and find out the answers to the questions. • What kind of student was Yuan Longping when he was young? • What way did he think to produce rice more quickly? • What did he discover? • How important was the discovery？
1. What kind of student was Yuan Longping when he was young? • 2. What way did he think to produce rice more quickly? • 3. What did he discover? He was a student with lots of questions and he was interested in plants. By crossing different species of rice plant, then he could produce a new plant which could give a higher yield than either of the original plants. He discovered a naturally sterile male rice plant.
4. How important was the discovery？ • Chinese rice production rose by 47.5% in the 1990’s. • There were other advantages. • 50,000 square kilometres of rice fields were converted to growing vegetables and other cash crops. • Yuan’s rice was exported to other countries. • His rice’s yield is much greater than the yield of other types of rice grown in Pakistan.
Reading & Vocabulary - 3. Careful reading (5ms) Read the passage again and decide whether the statements are True of False. 1. China produces more rice than any other country. 2. Yuan Longping asked a lot of questions at school. 3. He developed a new kind of fast-growing rice. 4. The government helped him in his research. 5. The new rice replaced vegetables in 50 thousand square kilometers. 6. The new rice is now grown n other countries, such as Pakistan.
Reading & Vocabulary -3. Structure(5ms) Find out the topic sentences. Yuan Longping is a leading figure in the rice-growing world. As a boy, he was called “the student who asked questions”. As a young teacher, he began experiments in crop breeding. He discovered a special type of rice. His discoveries increased Chinese rice production. The yield of the new hybrid rice is much greater than that of other types grown in Pakistan. Para 1 Para 2 Para 3 Para 4 Para 5 Para 6
Reading & Vocabulary -3. Vocabulary (6ms) Finish the exercises in Activity 3 & 4. • Activity 4: • B • B • A • B • B • Activity 3: • crop • breakthrough • breed • support • feed • publish • producer • species • agriculture
Post-reading-4. Role-play (5ms) Suppose one of you is an experienced farmer who has been growing rice; One is professor Yuan and the other one is a reporter. Please talk about the influence of the new hybrid rice. Tips:
Homework Try to find some information about the influence of the hybrid rice. Then share it with the classmates tomorrow.
Period 2 Module 4 Great Scientists Listening and Speaking
Listening & Speaking-1.Discussion(5ms) Look at the picture in your textbook and answer. What is happening in the picture? What do you think the listening text is about? There’s a quiz show being on. quiz: a competition or game in which people try to answer questions to test their knowledge
Listening & Speaking -2.Vocabulary (5ms) Match the words with the meanings. 1.a prize or money given to someone for sth 2. exactly the same 3. to find out how long, wide, heavy, etc. sth is 4. to find 5. an idea, esp. in science, that explains why or how sth happens 6. a form of energy which comes from a nuclear reaction 7. a person who takes part in a contest 8. a stage in a competition award equal measure discover theory radiation contestant round
Listening & Speaking -3. Listening (5ms) Listen and find out the following answers . What’s the name of the quiz show? What round of the quiz is it? What is the subject of this round? Who are the contestants? How many questions are there in this round? How many points have they got before / after this round? Superquiz. The second round. Great Scientists. Matthew and Rachel. 12. 36:36. 39:41.
Listening & Speaking -4.Filling (6m) Listen to the tape again, then finish the exercise in Activity 3, on page 36. • Answers: • born • published • given • famous for • hole • discovered, holes • holes measured
Listening & Speaking -5.Extra-listening Listen to the tape again ,then fill in the blanks. Q.M: Boys and girls, we’re into the second round of “Superquiz”, and the subject of this round is “Great Scientists”. In this round, the first person to answer the question____________. If he’s wrong,he _______ a point, and the question_____________________________. At the moment, Matthew and Rachel are _______, with 36 points each. First question: What is Einstein known for? (buzzer) M: _______________________. gets a point loses goes to the second contestant equal Thetheoryofrelativity
Q.M: Correct. When was Einstein born? (buzzer) M: 10. Q.M: Wrong. Rachel? R: 1879? Q.M: Correct. The special theory of relativity ____________in 1905. _____________________? (buzzer) M: Einstein. Q.M: Correct. Einstein was given an important award in 1921. ________________________? Whowasitwrittenby was published Whatawardwashegiven
(buzzer) M: Was he given the Nobel Physics Prize? Q.M: Yes, he was. Well done. Next question: What book is Stephen Hawking famous for? (buzzer) R: “_______________________.” Q.M: Correct. When was it published? (buzzer) R: 1988. Q.M: Correct. What is a “__________”? A Brief History of Time blackhole
(buzzer) M: It’s a star that has collapsed in on itself. Q.M: Correct. Who discovered black holes? (buzzer) M: They __________________Einstein. Q.M: No, they were not discovered by Einstein, they were discovered by Fred Hoyle. ____________________________? (silence) Rachel? R: Pass. Q.M: Matthew? M: They’re measured by the __________ that come from them. were discovered by How are black holes measured light waves
Q.M: Wrong, they aren’t measured by light waves, they’re measured by the radiation that comes from them.__________________ ___________? (buzzer) R: Stephen Hawking? Q.M: __________! They were discovered by Stephen Hawking. They’re called the Hawking radiation. Now, Stephen Hawking _____________another reason. Does anyone know? Who was this radiation discovered by Welldone is famous for
(buzzer) M: He can’t walk and he can’t talk except with a machine. Q. M: _____________. Do you know the name of the his disease? (buzzer) R: Motor neuron disease. He sits in a ______ __________ and he speaks ___________ ______________. Q.M: Correct. And at the end of this round Matthew has thirty-nine points and Rachel has forty-one points! That’s correct special wheelchair througha voicemachine
Culture corner -2. Skimming (5ms) Read the passage and decide whether the statements are True or False. • Today rockets are only used to send astronauts into space. • Rockets were invented by Chinese about 2,000 years ago. • It was in the Song Dynasty that rockets were first used in wars. • It is believed that Europeans learned how to make rockets from the Mongols. • Wan Hu succeeded in sending himself into space with the help of rockets.
Culture corner -3. Structure (5ms) Find out the topic sentences of each paragraph. Para. 1 Para. 2 Para. 3 Para. 4 Today rockets are used to send astronauts into space or celebrate great events. Rockets were first invented by Chinese about 2,000 years ago. First rockets were used in battles in China and then it was spread to Europe. Rockets were also used in other ways.
Homework Find out more information about rocket on Internet. Then share it with your classmates Tomorrow
Period 3 Module 4 Great Scientists Grammar Culture corner
Grammar - 1. Observation (5ms) Find out the following sentences which belong to Passive Voice. Yesterday I listened to music at home. A sound of piano is heard in the living room. Alexander Graham Bell invented the telephone in 1876. An article was written by him. They know that he is an expert. In Pakistan rice will be grown in many parts of the country. The new hybrid rice has been developed by the Yuan Longping High-tech Agricultural Company of China. present simple1 pastsimple refers to the future present prefect
Grammar -2.Exercises (5ms)Finish the exercises of Activity 2,on page 34. These computers are produced in America. Rice has been grown in China for thousands of years. These electronic games were / are made in Japan. A new variety of rice was discovered in 1970. Many important discoveries have been made since the beginning of last century.
Grammar–3 . Exercises (6ms)Finish the exercises of Activity 3&4,on page 34. • was educated • was given • were published • was discovered • were converted • was exported
1. Where was he educated? 2. What nickname was he given? 3. When were the results of the experiment published? 4. When was a naturally sterile male rice plant finally discovered? 5. How many square kilometres of rice fields were converted to growing vegetables? 6. Where was Yuan Longping’s rice exported?
Grammar-4. Observation (6ms) When will you use passive voice? Look! There’s nothing here. Everything has been taken away. I was born in 1981. She is liked by everybody. He is said to be a good teacher. You’ll be contacted. Star War is acted by Harrison Ford. 不知道动作的执行者 不必提出动作的执行者 强调动作的承受者 习惯用法 不确定动作的执行者 行文的需要
Grammar-5. Observation (5ms) Do you know the tenses of the passive voice of the following? Xiao Wang, you are wanted in the office. I was invited to the concert. We hope that an agreement will be arrived at. He said that the bridge would be built next year. The party has been planned since the new year. The book had been sold out when I got there. Our class will have been taught by Miss Xie for one year. This question is being discussed at the meeting. When I called, tea was being served.
am / is / are + 过去分词 (p.p.) was / were + p.p. shall / will + be + p.p. am / is / are + being + p.p. was / were + being + p.p. has / have + been + p.p. had been + p.p. should / would + be + p.p.
Grammar-6.Observation (5ms) Are there any differences between the two groups of sentences? He told her a long story. She was told a long story. A long story was told to her. • Mother bought me a new coat. • I was bought a new coat. • A new coat was bought for me. give, show, hand, send, pay, lend, pass, tell, write, bring, sell, offer, cause, wish, teach, buy等常有双宾语,变被动态时应考虑加上介词for或to
Grammar-7. Observation (5ms) Can you find out anything special around the sentences below? The flowers smell sweet. The food tastes nice. That sounds very good. Silk feels soft. The cloth washes well. The poem reads smoothly. This kind of rice cooks more quickly than that kind. This book sells good. 系动词 + adj.:主动表被动 某些和well, easily等副词连用的不及物动词, 如read, wash, clean, cook, close, cost, lock, look, open, sell, write, wear, etc.
Grammar-8. Practice (9ms) 历年高考题 • – The window is dirty. • – I know. It _____ for weeks. • A. hasn’t cleaned B. didn’t clean • C. wasn’t cleaned D. hasn’t been cleaned • Now that she is our of a job, Lucy _____ going back to school, but she hasn’t decided yet. • A. had considered B. has been considering • C. considered D. is going to consider
The mayor of Beijing says that all construction work for the Beijing Olympics _____ by 2006. • A. has been completed B. has completed • C. will have been completed D. will have completed • According to the art dealer, the painting _____ to go for at least a million dollars. • A. is expected B. expects • C. expected D. is expecting
-- What happened to the priceless works of art? • -- ________. • A. They were destroyed in the earthquake • B. The earthquake was destroying them • C. They destroyed in the earthquake • D. The earthquake destroyed them • -- The window is dirty. • -- I know. It _____ for weeks. • A. hasn’t cleaned B. didn’t clean • C. wasn’t cleaned D. hasn’t been cleaned
When and where to go for the no-salary holiday _____ yet. • A. are not decided B. have not been decided • C. is not being decided D. has not been decided • 8. A new cinema ____ here. They hope to finish it next month. • A. will be built B. is built • C. has been built D. is being built • 9.The new suspension bridge ____ by the end of last month. • A. has been designed B. had been designed • C. was designed D. would be designed
Hundreds of jobs ____ if the factory closes. • A. lose B. will be lost • C. are lost D. will lose • 11. Rainforests ____ and burned at such a speed that they will disappear from the earth in the near future.A. cut B. are cut • C. are being cut D. had been cut • 12. The first use of atomic weapons was in 1945, and their power _____ increased enormously ever since. • A. is B. was C. has been D. had been
Homework • Finish the related exercises on WB.
Period 4 Module 4 Great Scientists Reading &Writing Speaking
Reading &Writing–1. Brainstorm (3ms) Do you know who is him? Stephen Hawking When & where was he born? Why was he famous? When did he discover /invent?
Reading &Writing–2. Vocabulary(3ms) Match the words in the box with the definitions. • a person who has been attacked, injured or killed as a result of a crime, an accident, etc. • to discover the cause of an illness or a problem • a book that sells in very large numbers • an illness • the study of the origin and development of the universe • the act of creating • the state of being disabled victim diagnose best-seller disease cosmology creation disability
Reading &Writing–3. Numbering(5ms) Read the passage about Stephen Hawking and number the paragraphs in the correct order. Answers: 2-------3------1
Reading &Writing–4. Numbering(5ms) Write the number of the paragraphs. • This paragraph explains why Hawking is famous. • This paragraph talks about Hawking’s personal life. • This paragraph talks about Hawking’s scientific career. Paragraph 1( the third in the book) Paragraph 2( the first in the book) Paragraph 3( the second in the book)
Reading &Writing–5. Discussion (4ms) Discuss with your group members . Do you know how to write a biography of a famous person? • Para. 1: the general evaluation of the person • Para. 2: his or her childhood, education, earlier life • Para. 3: his or her research, or important positioning a certain field.