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  1. Period 1 Module 5 Great People and Great Inventions of Ancient China Introduction +Reading and Vocabulary

  2. Introduction-1 Words (5m)Read the following words and make sure you read them correctly and understand them. equal importance look after philosopher philosophy ruler state teachings thinker treat war Can you make some sentences with these words?

  3. Introduction-2. Matching (4m) • organized political community forming part of a country • A person who studies or teaches philosophy. • Search for knowledge and understand of the nature and meanings of the universe and of human life. • A person who rules or governs. • being important. • act or behave in a certain way towards sb. • that which is taught. state philosopher philosophy ruler importance treat teaching

  4. Introduction –3 Practice (5m) Complete the gaps with the words. In ancient China, private teachers traveled from state to s_______ explaining their p________ Confucius was the most important of the ancient Chinese p________ Confucius’s t_________ influenced society for more than 2000 years. Other important t_______ included Mencius and Mozi. All three teachers believed in the i_________ of kindness and good government. Mencius’s ideas were very similar to those of Confucius, but some of Mozi’s t_________ were very different. For example, he hated the idea of w_____ and believed that strong people should l_____________ weaker people. state philosophy philosophers teachings thinkers importance teachings war look after

  5. Introduction-4.Practice(5m) • Man is born good. • All human beings are equal. • The family is important. We are members of a group. • Treat others in the way you want to treated. • People are more important than others. • We should love all human beings. 1. Which ideas are taught by Confucius? 2. Which idea do you agree with most and why?

  6. Introduction-5.Discussion (3m) • Say three things you know about Confucius. • Say what you know about Mencius and Mozi.

  7. Reading & Vocabulary -1.Brainstorming (3m) Collect some information about these philosophers of ancient China. 孔子(前551~前479)名丘,字仲尼。春秋后期伟大的思想家、教育家,儒家的创始人。鲁国人。是儒家学派的创始人,提出了“仁”的思想,是中国古代著名的思想家和教育家。 Confucius

  8. 孟子(前372—前289)名轲,战国中期鲁国邹人。受业于子思(孔子之孙,名)之门人,曾游历于宋、滕、魏、齐等国,阐述他的政治主张,还曾在齐为卿。晚年退而著书,传世有《孟子》七篇。他是战国中期儒家的代表。 Mencius

  9. 墨翟(公元前468—376),人们尊称墨子。他是战国初年的鲁国人,大约生于公元前468年,死于公元前376年。 Mozi

  10. Reading & Vocabulary -2.Fast-reading (5m) Read the passage quickly and answer the following questions. • Which ancient(古代的) philosophers were mentioned in the passage? • What did they all believe in? • In what way were Confucius’s ideas different from Mozi’s idea? Confucius, Mencius and Mozi. The importance of kindness, duty and order in society,man is kind and the importance of government. Mozi’s idea of love was different from the Confucian idea of kindness.

  11. Reading & Vocabulary -3.Detailed-reading (6m) Read again and decide which statements are true or false. 1. Mozi stress the importance of kindness, duty and order in society. 2. Mencius’ teachings were very similar to Mozi’s. 3. Mencius was brought up by his grandmother. 4. Mencius resigned because the ruler didn’t pay him. 5. Mencius believe that man is good, and the rulers were more important than people. 6. Mozi’s idea of love was the same with the Confucian idea of kindness. 7. Mozi considered that government was most important, but he hated the idea of war.

  12. Reading & Vocabulary -4. Comprehension(10m) Confucius Confucius is a great ______________ whose ideas have greatly ____________ the Chinese society for more than 2000 years. He ________ the importance of__________, ______ and ______ in society. philosopher influenced stressed kindness duty order

  13. Mencius Mencius was a ________ whose teachings were very ________ that of Confucius. He held an important ________ in the government of a state, but he _______ later to travel from state to state to teach the _________ of Confucius, because the ruler wasn’t ___________ his__________. He believed that man is good, and people were more important than _____. He suggested that the government should not treat people badly. thinker similar to position resigned principles following advice rulers

  14. Mozi Mozi founded the __________. Born in a poor family, he became famous for his unusual clothes and_________. Though his beliefs were _________ to those of Confucius, his idea of love was ___________ Confucian idea of kindness. He taught that we should love all ______________, and look after those who are weaker than ourselves. He believed that all men were_________, and he was against the idea of _______. Mohism similar behaviour different from human beings equal war

  15. Reading & Vocabulary -5.Practice (6m) Read the passage again and check the exercise on Activity 1,2 and 3 Page 42. • The key to Activity 1 • principle • found • belief • order • bring up • The key to Activity 2 • stressed • position • follow sb’s advice • resign • adviser • influential

  16. The key to Activity 3 • A • B • B • B • A

  17. Reading & Vocabulary -6.Discussion (5m) • What do you know about Confucius, Mencius or Mozi? • Which of their teachings do you like best? And why?

  18. Homework Try to find some information about the these three philosophers of ancient China and their philosophies.

  19. Period 2 Module 5 Great People and Great Inventions of Ancient China Grammar 1 Function Vocabulary and Speaking Pronunciation

  20. Grammar 1-1. Presentation(5m) Read the sentences below and underline the relative clauses. • Ancient China was a place where states were often at war with each other. • But it was also a time when there were many great philosophers. • Confucius is the philosopher whose influence has been the greatest. • Mozi was another teacher who was very influential. • He came from a family which was very poor.

  21. Grammar 1-2. Presentation(3m) Answer the following questions. • What is the relationship between the underlined phrases and the nouns before them? • Does the underlined phrases give essential or extra information? • Can you find more sentences like these in the text?

  22. More relative clauses • Mencius was a thinker whose teachings were very similar to those of Confucius. • Mozi was another teacher who was very influential. • He spent many years trying to find a state where people would follow his teachings.

  23. Grammar 1-3. Summary(5m) Do activity 2 on page 44 • Summary • Who follows a word referring to a person. • Which follows a word referring to a thing. • Instead of which you can say that. • Where follows a word that refers to a place. • When follows a word that refers to time. • Whose means of whom. • Keys • A • A • B • A • B • A

  24. Grammar 1-4. Practice(5m) Do activity 3 and 4 on page 44 • Key to activity 3 • E • A • B • C • D • Key to activity 4 • which • where • when • whose • whose • when • where

  25. Grammar 1-5. Practice(5m) Make up sentences. • Mencius wrote a book which________________. • Mencius came from a part of the world where_______________. • This was a period when____________________. • Mozi was a man whose ____________________. • Mozi was a teacher whose ___________________. • It was a time when _______________________. • He came from an area where ________________.

  26. Summary of the grammar

  27. Function -1 Presentation (3m) • Mencius believed that the reason why man is different from animals is that man is good. • Often, the reason why people are unhappy is that they do not have enough love. Please underline the words that are the same in both sentences.

  28. Can you give more expressions that are used to give reasons? • The reason why… is that… • …because… • …because of… • Since / As… • As a result of

  29. Function -2 Practice. (5m) • Rewrite the sentence. I like reading about ancient China because the philosophy is very interesting. The reason why I like reading about ancient China is that the philosophy is very interesting.

  30. Do Activity 2 on page 45 (do in pairs orally) • The key to Activity 2 • The reason why we remember the ancient philosophers is that their ideas are important. • The reason why I bought the book is that it is about philosophy. • The reason why Mencius resigned was that the ruler was not following his advice. • The reason why Mozi hated the idea of war was that he thought people should not kill each other.

  31. Vocabulary and speaking-1. Vocabulary(5m) Learn the following words. a sense of responsibility --- responsible duty --- dutiful honesty --- honest justice --- just kindness --- kind love --- lovable respect --- respectable

  32. Vocabulary and speaking-2. Practice(5m) Choose the proper words to fill in the blanks. • If a judge does the right thing, we say he do the ______________. • If a person doesn’t tell lies and is honest, we say he is a person of ______________. • If you always try to do your work well, we say you have a sense of _____________. justice honesty responsibility

  33. Vocabulary and speaking-3. Speaking(5m) a sense of responsibility duty honesty justice kindness love respect Please discuss with your partner and put these ideas in order of importance in society. Explain why. I think that … and… are the most important ideas because… The reason why I think… is the most important idea is that…

  34. Pronunciation • Listen and repeat the following sentences . Pay more attention to the sound links. • Let’s go out. • Whoare they? • It was theend of the story. • I’ll buyit tomorrow. • Please goin. • I don’t know whoanybody is. • Weagreed to doit. • Myaunt is late.

  35. Homework Try to finish the grammar exercise in Workbook and have a good revision of the Relative Clauses.

  36. Period 3 Module 5 Great People and Great Inventions of Ancient China Listening and Vocabulary Speaking Grammar 2

  37. Listening and Vocabulary – 1. Vocabulary (5m) afford bark chemist clock contribution copy Discovery farmer invent invention leaf leather material monk paper print printing silk soft spread toothbrush What Chinese inventions do you think you will hear from the tape?

  38. Listening and Vocabulary – 2. Note-taking (8m)Listen to the tape and try to get the information to fill in the form. silk 3200AD clock 1092AD paper 105AD printing 868AD toothbrush 1498AD

  39. Listening and Vocabulary – 3. Dictation (8m)Listen to the tape again and do activity 3 on page 46. • Key to Activity 3 • how silk was made. • the first real clock. • for anther 500 years. • a type of print that could move. • clean teeth quickly and well.

  40. Speaking –1. Brainstorming (5m) • Collect the important inventions of the twentieth-century. Possible answers: satellite plane car computer internet radar wireless telephone … …

  41. Speaking –2. Discussion and debate (10m) Which of the inventions is the most important? Which is the second most important? Can you explain why you think so? Please list them in order of importance.

  42. Grammar 2 – 1. Exercise (3m ) Do activity 1 on page 47. • Key to Activity 1 • C • D • B • A Can you find the difference between them?

  43. Grammar 2 – 2. Presentation (5m ) • It is the country in which silk was first invented. It is the country which silk was first invented in . • He is a man of whom China can be proud. He is a man whom China can be proud of. 小结: 先行词+ prep. + which/ whom+ 主语+谓语 (介词提前) 先行词+ which/ whom+ 主语+谓语+prep. (介词不提前)

  44. Grammar 2 – 3. Practice (10m)Do activity 3 and 4 on page 47. • Key to Activity 3 • The man of whom I am thinking invented the first real clock. • These are the leaves from which silk is made. • He is a person of whom everyone has heard. • This is the house in which the inventor lived.

  45. Key to Activity 4 • We’re in the region in which printing was first invented. • It is an invention of which he is very proud . • He is a man of whom I am afraid because he has invented something very dangerous. • The machine at which you are looking is very old. • Is that the inventor to whom you were talking?

  46. Summary of the grammar 关系代词前介词(介词+which)的确定 1.根据从句中动词与先行词的逻辑关系 e.g. Is that the newspaper ____which you often write articles? 2. 根据从句中动词或形容词的习惯搭配 e.g. Can you explain to me how to use these idioms ______which I’m not sure. 3. 根据先行词与介词的搭配习惯 e.g. 1949 was the year ___which the P.R.C. was founded.

  47. --- 1.This is the car __which I bought last year. 2.This is the car ____which I paid 100$. 3.This is the car ____which I spent 100$. 4.This is the car ____which I go to work every day. 5.This is the car _________ which I can’t go to work. 6.This is the car ____which the old man was knocked down 7.This is the car ____which a boy threw a stone. 8.This is the car _________which we talked . 9.This is the car ____which the window was broken for on by without by at about of

  48. Homework 1.Get more materials about the inventions to read. 2. Review the grammar part and find more exercise to do.

  49. Period 4 Module 5 Great People and Great Inventions of Ancient China Writing Everyday English Cultural Corner

  50. Writing -1. Reading (6m)Read the essay and match the paragraphs with the description. • Key to Activity 1 • D • C • A • B Can you find out the structure of this essay?