Mao Zedong was the leader of • China’s Communist Party. • He convinced China’s peasants to • overthrow their weak government • and install Mao as “Chairman” • He encouraged the killing of all • “capitalists” in his country. • Capitalism is the enemy of • Communism. • Mao killed millions of people • when he created his communist • “utopia”.
Communism is designed to be a “permanent revolution”. • For this reason, communists are always in a state of war. • Communism is very strict and not very peaceful.
Propaganda spread Mao’s message • throughout China, brainwashing the • public. • Propaganda is the advertising of • political points of view. Propaganda • is generally untrue. • Both Russia and China used • propaganda to make the United States • And its economic system seem evil.
In the 1960s, Mao begins his “Cultural Revolution”. • Millions of people die when angry brainwashed mobs • tear the country apart. • Mao’s Little Red Book becomes the most widely read in China.
9-9-1976: Mao Dies • On his death, Mao brags that he had “burned more • books than any emperor.” • After Mao’s death, his friends were charged with • Numerous political crimes.
After Mao died, Deng Xioaping • took control of China. • He understood that Mao’s Cultural • Revolution was a failure. • Deng encouraged business owners • to begin trading with foreign • countries. • Capitalism began to take hold in China. • Deng was named Time’s Man of the • Year. China Changes DENG XIOAPING
China today • New leader is Jiang Zemin • China is beginning to embrace capitalism • We want to be China’s friend, but we don’t like the • way they treat people.
CHAPTER 33, Section 2: Communists Triumph in China • TODAY’s OBJECTIVES: • Analyze the Civil War between the Nationalists and the Communists in China. • Explain how China split into two nations. • Describe how Mao’s Marxist regime transformed China • Daily Journal: • Answer the following questions: • Who was Mao Zedong? • When did the civil war in China resume? • What advantages did Nationalist forces have?
CH 33: Section 2 – “Civil War in China” 1. Who was Mao Zedong? Who was Jiang Jieshi (Chiang Kai-shek)? Leader of the Communists. Leader of the Nationalists. Mao Zedong 2. When did the civil war in China resume? When would the civil war end? Jiang Jieshi At end of World War II in 1945. 1949. 3. What advantages did Nationalist forces have? What advantages did Communist forces have? A large national army that had U.S. aid. An army skilled in guerilla warfare that had the popular support.
CH 33: Section 2 – “Civil War in China” “In 1949, Mao Zedong and his Communists had gained control of the country. He proclaimed it to be the new People’s Republic of China. Jiang and other Nationalist leaders retreated to the island of Taiwan and proclaimed themselves to be Nationalist China.” ~ textbook 4. Where is Nationalist China located? Where is the People’s Republic of China located? On the island of Taiwan. On mainland China. 5. How did the superpowers react to the existence of two Chinas? The U.S. helped Nationalists set up a democratic government and enlarged America’s sphere of influence in Asia. The Soviets provided Communist China financial, military, and technical aid. T. Loessin / Akins High School
CH 33: Section 2 – “Civil War in China” “Many in the United States viewed the Communist takeover of China as proof of a Communist campaign to conquer the world. Such Americans also believed this further justified the official U. S. policy of containment.” ~ textbook p. 863 5. How did the superpowers react to the existence of two Chinas? How did Mao transform the economy of China? - The U.S. helped Nationalists set up a democratic government and enlarged America’s sphere of influence in Asia. - The Soviets provided Communist China financial, military, and technical aid. Mao transformed China’s economy by giving land to peasants, and then copied Stalin’s policies in the USSR - forming collective farms and nationalizing all the industries. T. Loessin / Akins High School
CH 33: Section 2 – “Civil War in China” “The Communists claimed to have a new ‘Mandate from Heaven’ and aimed to restore China to a powerful nation of 550 million people.” ~ textbook 6. Why did Mao’s “Great Leap Forward” program fail? Why did Mao launch the Cultural Revolution? Poor planning, inefficient industries, lack of work incentive, crop failures and famine. Hoping to revive the Marxist revolution he had begun. B. To extend the economic success of the five-year plan to agriculture as well, Marx created large communes where the Chinese peasants lived in strictly controlled communities. In response to Mao’s call to revive the Marxist revolution (which dreamed of a society where peasants and workers were equal and intellectuals were considered dangerous) Chinese students formed militia units called Red Guards who targeted and reported on citizens they considered “dangerous” to the Communist ideology. T. Loessin / Akins High School