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Absolute Monarchs

Absolute Monarchs

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Absolute Monarchs

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  1. Intro France Louis XIV (r. 1643-1715) Russia Peter The Great (r. 1682-1725) Key Terms Versailles War of Spanish Succession Bastille Great Embassy Absolute Monarchs

  2. Population in 1650 England 5 Million Spain 8.5 Million France 18 Million

  3. “The” Absolute Monarch Louis XIV (r. 1643-1715) • French monarch from age five (longest in Europe’s history). • France was Europe’s single greatest power.

  4. Palace of Versailles Examples of Louis XIV & Absolutism

  5. Versailles On YouTube http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=O8MaDMxzMfU&feature=channel http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=tA9X9nC4C98

  6. Palace of Versailles Wars of Louis XIV Examples of Louis XIV & Absolutism

  7. Louis tried to assert his control over other nations AND expand “la glorie” (the glory) of France. War of Spanish Succession (1701-1714) A Grand Alliance led by Great Britain and the Netherlands fought vs. France. Wars Of Louis XIV(1672-1713)

  8. Grand Alliance(France vs. Europe) • King of the Netherlands William of Orange (1650-1702)

  9. Louis tried to assert his control over other nations AND expand “la glorie” (the glory) of France. War of Spanish Succession (1701-1714) A Grand Alliance led by Great Britain and the Netherlands fought vs. France. Ultimately France gained little territory while poverty, famine, and taxes increased. Wars Of Louis XIV(1672-1713)

  10. Bastille (1700) Symbol of the king’s oppression: Political prisoners were often housed here indefinitely & without trial.

  11. Czar of Russia (1682-1725) Another Absolute Monarch Peter the Great

  12. Peter The Great • Moved the capital from Moscow to St. Petersburg • Traveled to western Europe (Great Embassy) & adopted technologies and lifestyle of countries he visited

  13. Russia’s Peter the Great Decrees of 1701 & 1705: • Required people to wear “western-style” clothing • Required men to shave beards or pay a fine

  14. Peter The Great • Moved the capital from Moscow to St. Petersburg • Traveled to western Europe (Great Embassy) & adopted technologies and lifestyle of countries he visited • Expanded Russia’s territory

  15. Russian Expansion Under Peter the Great • Following War with Sweden, Russian territory spread to Baltic Sea

  16. Intro France Louis XIV (r. 1643-1715) Russia Peter The Great (r. 1682-1725) Key Terms Versailles War of Spanish Succession Bastille Great Embassy Absolute Monarchs