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English Absolute Monarchs

English Absolute Monarchs

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English Absolute Monarchs

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  1. English Absolute Monarchs

  2. The Magna Carta •  The Magna Carta was signed in 1215 by King John •  It was written to limit the power of the king •  Even though it was signed by the king, most kings ignored it for centuries

  3. Henry VIII Tudor • Separation of the Church of England from the Roman Catholic Church • Known for the English Reformation that made England a Protestant nation

  4. Elizabeth I - 1558-1603 • She was a Tudor • Elizabethan Age • Golden Age   • Commercial expansion, exploration, Colonization of New World

  5. James I 1566-1625 Cousin of Queen Elizabeth I From Scotland Did not get along with Parliament Parliament limits his expenses Religious differences with Parliament – (He is a Calvinist & most of Parliament is Puritan) Ruled until his death

  6. Charles I Stuart (Son of James I) • 1625: signed the Petition of Right • Limited taxes and forbid unlawful imprisonment. • Claimed divine right

  7. Charles I • The Parliament was at odds with him and met to limit the power of the monarch • This led to a civil war in England (1642-1645) led by Oliver Cromwell • For his abuse of power, Charles I was executed

  8. English Civil War • Parliamentarians (Roundheads) • and Royalists (Cavaliers).

  9. Oliver Cromwell • Promised to rule for the people but became an absolute ruler himself • He used violence and was intolerant of Catholics, but not of other religions • Puritan wanted to clean up England morally • He only ruled for five years

  10. Charles II

  11. Charles II • King of the Stuart Restoration • This was the restoring of the royal line (after Cromwell who wasn’t a “royal”) • Reinstated a limited monarchy • Habeas Corpus Act 1679 • Protects people from arrests without due process

  12. James II • James II was openly Catholic • He abused his power and England wanted change

  13. James II • Glorious Revolution in 1688 • James II was forced out without any bloodshed

  14. William and Mary

  15. William and Mary • William and Mary were Protestant and named king and queen • Signed the English Bill of Rights in 1689 • Gave citizens rights and limited the power of the monarch • Roman Catholics could not be king or queen of England