England • Kings and Parliament struggled for control for centuries • After numerous conflicts and a civil war, Parliament wins.
Henry VIII • King of England • Called Reformation Parliament to declare England free of authority of the Pope • Established the Church of England • Had six wives
Mary I • English Queen • Catholic, daughter of Henry VIII • Forced Catholicism on England • Persecuted Protestants • Died without an heir
Elizabeth I • Queen of England • Returned England to the Anglican Church • Refused to marry • Reigned for 45 years- “Elizabethan Age” • Died without an heir
James I • First monarch of the Stuart dynasty • Wanted to be an absolute monarch, but was low on funds • King James Bible