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Absolute Monarchs

Absolute Monarchs

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Absolute Monarchs

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  1. Absolute Monarchs

  2. Main Political Goals • Centralization of Power • Prior to Richelieu • Feudalistic society that would often try and overthrow the king with the help of the nobles. • Removal of Political Power of the Nobility • Destruction of castles besides the necessary defenses used to defend from invaders. Cardinal Richelieu

  3. Religious Goals • Controlling the Huguenots • Controlled a significant military force and was in rebellion. • King Charles of England pledged support for the Huguenots. • Attack at La Rochelle • Richelieu was able to defeat them at La Rochelle after a long year. • Groups agreed to religious protection, but to relinquish political rights. Cardinal Richelieu

  4. Foreign Policy • Controlling of the Hapsburg Dynasty Expansion • Responded by Sending French Army into Northern Italy to Remove Hapsburg interests. Cardinal Richelieu

  5. Daily Life • Censorship of the Press • Created Network of Internal Spies • No Discussion of Politics Public Assemblies • Executions and Prosecutions for Detractors Cardinal Richelieu

  6. Religious Policy • The banning of the Protestant teachings. • Ministers were forced to convert. • Schools and institutions banned • Forced Baptism • Places of Worship Destroyed • Result • 200,000 Huguenots left taking their skills, commerce and trade with them. (Economic Disaster) • Papal Power Reduced • The Popes decisions and decrees were not valid without the approval of the monarch. Louis XIV

  7. Political Goal • Lessen the Power of the Nobility • Commoners would fill government positions while nobles would be reduced to court life. • Commoners were easy to control and their loyalty easier to influence. • Taxes were removed on the nobility which caused the lower class to burden a heavy tax load. • Nobility • Were given menial tasks and expected to complete them. • Helping the King Change • Carrying Candle Sticks • Attending Balls Louis XIV

  8. Daily Life • The King was more concerned with limiting the power of the nobility, fighting wars for political gain, and building lavish palaces. • The country had a heavy financial burden placed on the poor which caused Louis XIV to lose popularity. Louis XIV

  9. Palace at Versailles

  10. Political Goals • Keep a Strong Standing Army • Exempted the Nobility from Taxes and Gave Control Over the Peasants • Encouraged the immigration of French Huguenots which increased the industrial skills of the nation. Fredrick William I

  11. Centralizing Prussia • Replaced Military Service with a Tax • Established Primary Schools • Budget Conscious • Conserved spending if it did not concern the military. • Created a surplus in the treasury and a powerful army. • Encouraged • Farming, reclaiming of marshes, stored grain and sold it when necessary. Frederick William I

  12. Foreign Policy • FIGHT FIGHTFIGHT • The use of the strong Prussian Army to achieve the objectives of the King was prevelent. • War of Austrian Succession • Seven Years War Frederick the Great

  13. Government Policy • Created high taxes on international trade and protected the trade of his own country. • Agriculture and new crops were introduced to support the country. • He changed the tax system to indirect and removed methods of torture as a means of punishment. Frederick the Great

  14. Political Goals (Peter) • Centralized Local Government • Eastern Orthodox Church was under Control of the Government • Taxed the Nobility and Gave them Control over the Peasants. • Westernizing of Russia • Russians went to Europe to study academics. • Ship Building and Naval Warfare • Women were required to attend social gatherings and men should shave their beards. Peter and Catherine the Great

  15. Catherine • All people should be treated as equal. • Wanted to give more freedoms to the peasants until a revolt changed her mind. Peter and Catherine the Great

  16. Early Policies • Revised Law Code • Growth of the Army • Establishment of Trade Routes • Changes • Took lands of the nobles under his control and gave them to his loyal supporters. • Created a secret police to terrorize non supporters. • Restricted the movement of the peasant class. Ivan the Terrible

  17. Later Reign • Tried to Capture Poland and other areas to open Russia up to the West. (Failed)Lost Mental Stability • Fasted and Prayed one week and then Maimed and Killed Another. • Ivan sacked and burned the city of Novgorod and tortured, mutilated, impaled, roasted, and otherwise massacred its citizens. • Loyal Supporters Turned into Murderous Thugs Against the Nobility and Peasants Ivan the Terrible