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Chapter 19, Section 4 Earth’s Moons PowerPoint Presentation
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Chapter 19, Section 4 Earth’s Moons

Chapter 19, Section 4 Earth’s Moons

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Chapter 19, Section 4 Earth’s Moons

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  1. Chapter 19, Section 4Earth’s Moons Monday, May 3, 2010 Pages 659 -- 664

  2. Objectives • Describe how scientists have used the telescope to study the moon. • Explain what scientists learned about the moon from space exploration. • Describe the origin and structure of the moon.

  3. Vocabulary Words • Telescope • Crater • Maria

  4. Structure and Origin of the Moon • The moon is 3,476 kilometers in diameter (slightly less than the distance from California to New York). • The moon’s density is about the same as Earth’s outer layers.

  5. Structure and Origin of the Moon -- cont’d • The theory that makes most sense is the collision theory. • Estimated to occur about 4.5 billion years ago.

  6. Telescope • Developed the first telescope. • An instrument that makes distant objects appear closer. • Enabled us to see moon’s surface including craters, highlands, and maria. Italian Astronomer, Galileo Galilei, 1609

  7. Moon’s Craters • Craters are round pits found on the surface of the moon. • Craters on the moon were most likely caused by the impacts of meteoroids.

  8. Moon’s Highlands • Highlands are also called mountains. • The peaks of the highlands and the rims of the craters cast dark shadows. Highlands or mountains

  9. maria • Dark, flat areas are called maria. • Galileo once thought that these dark, flat areas were bodies of water (latin word for seas). • We know now that maria are low, dry areas that were once flooded with molten material.

  10. Moon Missions • Most of the moon missions occurred between 1964 and 1972. • Neil Armstrong was the first person to step foot on the moon.

  11. Moon Rocks and Moonquakes • Much of what scientists have learned about the moon came from detailed study of the moon rocks gathered by astronauts.

  12. Review • Name the three kinds of features that Galileo saw on the moon’s surface. • What did the Apollo astronauts do on the moon? • How did the craters form on the moon?

  13. Homework • Workbook 19.4 (5/5) • Vocabulary quiz 19.4 (5/5)