The American Revolution: Test Review Chapter 2
Surrendered to the Americans at Yorktown Charles Cornwallis.
This colonial, hanged as a spy, uttered these famous last words, “I only regret that I have but one life to lose for my country.” Nathan Hale.
Commanded the British troops landing in New York at the start of the Revolutionary War. William Howe
Helped Washington improve discipline and morale among his weary troops at Valley Forge Marquis de Lafayette
Famous naval captain of the American Revolution that uttered the famous words, "I have not yet begun to fight." John Paul Jones
Required local officials to provide lodging for British soldiers in private homes. Quartering Act
Settlement (document) in which Britain recognized the United States as a new nation. Treaty of Paris
Prohibited colonists from settling west of an imaginary line running north to south along the Appalachian Mountains. Royal Proclamation of 1763
(Document that) Legalized the use of writs of assistance. Revenue Act of 1767
Warned Lexington that the British were coming. Paul Revere
The first skirmish of the French and Indian War occurred because • the French organized Native American attacks on frontier settlements. • both the French and the British wanted the Ohio River valley. • the French ambushed a British detachment near Quebec City. • both the French and the British claimed Louisiana.
The Albany Plan of Union proposed that • the Iroquois unite with the British against the French. • the colonies unite to form a federal government. • the colonies unite with the British against the French. • the colonies unite with the French against the British.
In response to the Sugar Act, James Otis argued that the British had no right to tax the colonies because • Britain could not claim authority over the colonies. • Britain had not earned the loyalty of the colonies. • the colonies had no representatives in Parliament. • the colonies were making their own government.
The Continental Army was first formed from • the minutemen. • the militia that won the Battle of Bunker Hill. • the militia raised by George Washington from all over New England. • the militia surrounding the British in Boston.
American forces suffered their greatest defeat of the Revolutionary War at • Charles Town • New York City • Philadelphia • Valley Forge
Thomas Jefferson considered _______________ to be critical to the republic's success, calling it the “keystone of our arch of government.” • democracy • equality for all • liberty for all • an educated public
After the Boston Massacre, the British temporarily brought peace to the colonies by repealing the • Townsend Acts. • Stamp Act. • Sugar Act. • Quartering Act.
The laws known as the “Intolerable Acts” were the Coercive Acts and the • Quebec Act. • Tea Act. • Sugar Act. • Stamp Act.
The American victory at Saratoga was a turning point in the war because • it was the last British offensive of the war. • it convinced Spain to enter the war on the side of the Americans. • it convinced France to send weapons and supplies to the Americans. • it convinced France to commit troops to the American cause.
In their victory over the British, Americans were united by all of the following EXCEPT • a common enemy. • similar cultural beliefs. • a new folklore. • patriotic symbols.
Britain repealed the Stamp Act and replaced it with the ____ Act(s). Sugar Townsend Tea Coercive
What was one cause of the Revolutionary War? French and Spanish aid to Patriots Native American aid to the British the Proclamation of 1763 the Articles of Confederation
“We then were ordered by our commander to . . . take out all the chests of tea and throw them overboard. . . . In about three hours . . . we had thus broken and thrown over board every tea chest . . . in the ship.” — George Hewes How long did it take for Hewes's party to empty all the ship's tea into the harbor? • three hours • thirty minutes • an hour • five hours
“We hold these truths to be self-evident, that all men are created equal, that they are endowed by their Creator with certain unalienable Rights, that among these are Life, Liberty, and the pursuit of Happiness.” According to the quote, what rights are people entitled to? • Life • Liberty • Pursuit of Happiness • All of these
“[O]ur civil rights have no dependence on our religious opinions, any more than our opinions in physics or geometry. . . .” • The Virginia Statute for Religious Freedom According to this quote, what rights are all people entitled to? • freedom of religion • civil rights • both of these • neither of these
Answer 1 of the following questions completely, in at least 2 paragraphs (4 – 5 sentences each). • How did the European balance of power hamper the British in the American Revolution? • The diagram shows the basic “building blocks” that form a republic. Explain what a republic is by describing the role of each of its three main parts.