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Heart disease

Heart disease

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Heart disease

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Presentation Transcript

  1. Heart disease

  2. Heart disease • Congenital • Ischemic • Hypertensive • Valvular • Cardiomyopathy • Pericardium • Tumors

  3. Congenital • ISCHEMIC • HYPERTENSIVE • VALVULAR • MYOPATHIC

  4. Heart failure • Dyspnea • on exertion • at rest • Orthopnea • redistribution of peripheral edema fluid • graded by number of pillows needed • Paroxysmal Nocturnal Dyspnea (PND)

  5. ISCHEMIC • Angina Pectoris • Myocardial Infarction • Chronic IHD CHF • Sudden Cardiac Death • Acute Coronary Syndromes: • UNSTABLE ANGINA • AMI • SCD

  6. HYPERTENSIVE • Hypertrophic adaptive response • Myocardial dysfunction • Cardiac dilatation • CHF • Sudden death

  7. VALVULAR • Stenosis • Regurgitation

  8. CARDIOMYOPATHIES • Inflammatory • Immunologic • Metabolic • Dystrophies • Genetic • Idiopathic

  9. CARDIOMYOPATHIES • DILATED • HYPERTROPHIC • RESTRICTIVE

  10. CARDIOMYOPATHIES • Chest pain is common • Frequently asymptomatic • Severe cases associated with heart failure, arrhythmias • ECG abnormalities are often present, although the changes are frequently nonspecific • Left ventricular hypertrophy may be present • An echocardiogram is useful • Chest radiographs can be normal or can show evidence of congestive heart failure or cardiomegaly.

  11. Treatment • medication • changes in lifestyle • Implanted pacemakers • Defibrillators • (LVADs) • ablation