By Nimco Abdulaziz Heart disease
WHAT CAN COURSE HEART DISEASE * Having a pre-existing medical condition such as diabetes. * Being a smoker. * Being age 40 years and older. * Currently going through menopause. * Having elevated blood pressure levels or hypertension. * Having high levels of bad cholesterol and low levels of good cholesterol. * Not performing the necessary amount of physical activity required to maintain adequate functioning of the circulatory system. * Being obese or significantly overweight. * Having a family history or genetic predisposition to developing the disease
Types of Heart Disease When you mention heart disease, usually you think of it as a single condition, yet there are actually quite a few different types of heart disease which you can develop. Heart disease and Cardiovascular disease occurs in the heart. Doctors call this a risk factor
CORONARY HEART DISEASE Coronary heart disease is by far one of the most common types of heart disease and it is one of the biggest killers within America. This type of disease occurs when the heart is not getting enough blood into it and therefore it does not get enough oxygen in order to pump the blood back around the body. The scary thing about coronary heart disease is that it can occur with no prior warning signs and that can sometimes, in severe cases, lead to death. Other symptoms of the condition include a possible heart attack and angina.
ENDOCARDITIS Endocarditic is basically a disease of the heart valves and it occurs in the Endocardium which is a membrane which lines the inside of the heart's valves. The disease is caused by an infection of bacteria usually and once infected surgery is usually needed.
HIGH BLOOD PRESSURE Not many people realize that high blood pressure is actually a heart disease. It is generally a condition which is caused by pressure onto the artery walls and it causes the heart to beat harder and faster than it would normally have to. It is possible for heart failure to develop due to high blood pressure and also an aneurysm can also occur.
CONGESTIVE HEART FAILURE This condition occurs when the heart does not beat effective could be down to the heart being too weak or it could be damaged and that can cause a lack of control over the blood flow. This lack of control of blood flow then ensures that muscles and tissues are not getting the right amount of blood and oxygen which they need, and that can then cause various different symptoms. Constantly feeling tired and swelling in various areas of the body could occur and if the condition is particularly severe it can lead to a shortness of breath and very pale skin.
HOW TO PREVENT HEART DISEASE • You are what you eat! Eat nutritious, healthy food. • Choose foods low in saturated fat. Make sure you include servings of fruit, vegetables and whole grains which are rich in starch and fiber, but low in fat. • Read food labels. Look for the amount of saturated fat, total fat, cholesterol and total calories per serving on the nutrition label. • Bring down high blood pressure. You can do this by minimizing risk factors, making lifestyle changes, or by taking medication if necessary. • An active lifestyle is healthy. Exercise regularly.
Tips: • It's never too late to begin. Start right now • Be consistent in your efforts. Exercise daily. • A little bit each day adds up to huge benefits
WHO DISCOVERD HEART DISEASE. • The Ebers Papyrus described several clinical heart diagnoses made by the early Egyptians, among whom could have been the first “doctor” who discovered heart disease. There were occasional references to patients with weak hearts, cardiac dysfunction, hole in the heart, congestion or fluid retention due to heart failure, among other heart diagnoses. With this cardiac knowledge at an early part of civilization, the first heart doctor could have been indeed an unnamed Egyptian.
Bibliography • Google images • Wikipedia • Heartfoundation.org.au • Kidshealth.org • Southerncross.co.nz