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West Texas at War

West Texas at War

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West Texas at War

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  1. West Texas at War • Quaker Agents • General Sherman – 1871 • Fort Richardson – Jacksboro • Satanta – Salt Creek • Big Tree and Satank • Change in attitude and peace policy • Attitude changes

  2. West Texas at War • 1871 and 1872 • Colonel Mackenzie and the South Plains • Quanah Parker • 1873 – Northern Mexico – Apaches/Kickapoos

  3. West Texas at War • Native Americans and the buffalo • Buffalo hunters • Paunch, sinews, hair, hide, manure • Paunch – stomach; used for water bags • Sinews – tendons; used for bowstrings, thread, and rope • Buffalo chips

  4. West Texas at War • Buffalo herds slaughtered • Charles Rath and the Mooar brothers • Sympathy rises • General Sheridan • Continued slaughter

  5. West Texas at War • Adobe Walls - 1874 • Quanah Parker w/warriors from 5 other Native American nations • Comanches, Kiowas, and Cheyenne • Increased attacks

  6. West Texas at War • The Red River Campaign - 1874 • The army and reservations • 1200 warriors and 3000 soldiers • 17 months and 21 battles

  7. West Texas at War • Battle of Palo Duro Canyon – Sept. 28, 1874 • Colonel Mackenzie set fire to camps • 1424 horses captured and over 1000 killed • Kwahadies and Quanah Parker